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Project 133 Antares [NATO: Muravey]

In contrast to Project 11451, Project 133 used a complex wing scheme with slightly submerged wings. The displacement of Project 133 turned out to be almost two times less than that of the "Falcon", with a very similar armament composition and the same travel speed. However, its seaworthiness was significantly less than that of the "Falcon", and was due to a not entirely successful wing design. In the 1970s, a new type of ship was developed specifically for the maritime border units of the KGB of the USSR - Project 133 "Antares", the main distinguishing feature of these boats were hydrofoils and the presence of two gas turbine engines. The construction was carried out at the Feodosia Production Association "More".

The boat was equipped with a stationary automatically controlled wing system. The main power plant was twin-shaft and included two 10,000-horsepower M-70 gas turbine engines for wing propulsion and two trolling diesel engines. The maximum speed of the boat was 61 knots. The two-tier superstructure housed the undercarriage, navigational and radio cabin, the central and combat posts. In the rear aft part of the superstructure there are air intake shafts and two exhaust pipes. The boat was equipped with a general detection radar MR-220 "Raid" designed to detect air, surface and coastal targets, as well as to issue target designation to artillery weapons; sonar to search for underwater targets; Fire control radar MR-123 "Vympel".

In the 1970s, for the sea border units of the KGB of the USSR, new project ship - project 133 cipher "Antares", the main distinguishing feature of these ships were hydrofoils, although this idea was not a novelty. The construction was entrusted to Theodosia Production Association "Sea". In total, 11 ships of this type were built at this shipyard for the MCH PV of the KGB of the USSR, another project 133 ship has already been completed for the maritime border guards of Ukraine. This type of ship was not exported.

Another feature of these ships was that this ship project was "purely" borderline, the Soviet Navy did not accept such a ship project for its armament. Although the fleet considered such ships (hydrofoils) as high-speed small anti-submarine ships, after the development and construction of two prototypes (the projects differed significantly from the border Antares and in fact they were two completely different projects IPC) they abandoned this idea. Thus, from the end of the 70s, only maritime border guards possessed hydrofoil warships with a high speed.

On the this moment all ships of this type are excluded from the border forces of Russia and Ukraine. In Russia, the latter were decommissioned PSKR 109 and 110 (both in 2009), and in Ukraine PSKR-115 in 2010.

Armament included a 76-mm AK-176 artillery mount mounted on the tank directly in front of the superstructure, a 30-mm six-barreled AK-630M assault rifle in the stern. Anti-submarine weapons were represented by two 406-mm torpedo tubes and six depth charges. The crew consisted of 5 officers and 19 foremen and sailors.

A feature of these ships was that this ship project was "purely" KGB border guard, the Soviet Navy did not accept such a ship project for its armament. Although the fleet considered such ships (on hydrofoils) as high-speed small anti-submarine ships, after the development and construction of two prototypes (the projects were significantly different from the border Antares and in fact they were two completely different IPC projects) they abandoned this idea. The border guards were pleased with this ship, and their serial construction was organized at FPO "More" (Feodosia). The lead ship was delivered to the customer in December 1979. In total, 13 ships were built at the Feodosia shipyard before the collapse of the USSR.



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Page last modified: 15-06-2021 19:32:49 ZULU