Project 1128 KMC Siberia
About the end of the 1950s there appeared a fundamentally new class of ships, providing testing rocketry and space exploration. At first, under time pressure, for this purpose converted civilian court. The first measurement systems became the four-ship converted uglevoza of a series of "Donbass" vessels (built in 1952-1957 years by order of the USSR at the Gdansk shipyard in Poland). On April 9, 1958 the government adopted a decree must ensure that in the II quarter of 1959 the willingness of floating measuring instruments measuring complex on converted ships. They are required for completion of work starts the first Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile R-7 of OKB S.P.Korolev with a full flight range (8,000 km) in the Pacific Ocean. Develop and transfer the plant to the main drawings on the body was already necessary by December 1958. Due to the tight deadlines design and technical documentation should produce in abbreviated and simplified form.
The development of these projects led by chief designer CDB-17 V.V.Ashik. Project materials were presented to the customer 30 December 1958, reviewed and approved - in January 1959. Techproekt 1128 provided for conversion of the three ships in the court-meters, TEHPROEKT 1129 - one ship in broadcasting point. For conversion into a floating vessels measuring complex were identified: the Ministry of the Navy - steamers "Pervouralsk" and "Perm", the Ministry of Fisheries - steamers "Prokopyevsk" and "Pavlograd." They were handed over to the Baltic Shipyard in November-December 1958. After acceptance began to dismantle associated with a change in purpose ships: deck machinery removed (cargo winch) polumachty, ventilation, wooden rooms' holds, equipment rooms on the main deck, in part - pipelines ship systems (fire, ballast, drainage, etc.).
On board the "Perm" (to dismantle) at the end of December 1958 were carried out acoustic field testing in the Bay of Hara-Lahti Gulf. They confirmed that the noise level when operating machinery and electrical equipment in the most "silent" mode is close to the required standards. On the reverse transition to Leningrad on a vessel identified and checked fuel consumption control. January 5, 1959 the government issued a decree on the procedure for execution of works related to the refurbishment of the "Donbass" class and their transfer to the Far East. Project 1128 "Pavlograd," "Pervouralsk", "Prokopyevsk" and in 1129 the project "Perm" were classified as expeditionary oceanographic vessels (EOS) I rank. They got new names: EOS "Sakhalin", "Suchan", "Siberia" and "Chukotka".
CDB-17 performed conversion of ships under the design documentation at the Baltic Shipyard (chief builder A.M.Kosach) involving counterparties to June 30, 1959. In addition, gauges ships mounted a platform for special means of measuring complex, the helicopter hangar and personnel of the expedition. This was done due to the elimination of cargo holds. In order to ensure the specified autonomy and cruising range, the volume of fuel oil tanks were increased and provision store (with the installation of steam jet refrigeration machines for cooling provisions) and superstructure volumes. Additionally mounted three diesel generators with a capacity of 300 kW (with equipment of diesel fuel tank) supplies electricity to the work of measuring devices.
Decree of the Government on May 16, 1959 was changed the route of the expedition ships go to the place of home - the Northern Sea Route. It demanded that the Baltic plant to perform a number of works on ships, provides a transition in difficult ice conditions. The conversion of ships such as "Donbass" in the court of floating measuring complex plant conducted in conditions of irregular metal supply, electric cable and counterparty of the product. We worked on rigid schedule, in three shifts. In those days, one shift at the courts have been busy to 3 thousand people.
Mooring trials were held in April and June 1959. On June 20 crews took the court, an experimental test the stability of vessels (inclining) was held on 27-29 June, in late June, completed their treatment at the station bezobmotochnogo demagnetization. After that, the court moved to Kronstadt for drydocking and installation on buildings near the waterline more reinforcements. Ice belts and other constructions increased the strength of the transition of the Northern Sea Route. There you have completed the installation and perform acceptance testing. Last July 20, 1959 have been successfully completed. And on July 24 on the eve of the Day of the Navy, on ships raised flag of hydrographic ships. On the same day began the transition to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. By destination ships arrived on August 30. Crews have begun to prepare for the first outlet to the Pacific Ocean. They had to perform martial (measurement) works on developing new models of intercontinental ballistic missiles.
In connection with the further build-up of production of new types of intercontinental ballistic missiles and carrier rockets and spacecraft vehicles by government decree on 27 October 1960 it was decided to create a second floating measuring complex.
State Committee on Shipbuilding of the USSR Council of Ministers by the order of 15 November of the same year ordered the CDB-17 to develop the technical design and produce working drawings for the construction of ships of this complex (Project 1130). Customer has issued terms of reference at the end of December 1960. It takes into account the experience of creating the first set, and provided for an increase and renewal of measuring instruments, increased requirements for habitability, cruising range and autonomy.
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