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Philippine Navy

The Philippine Navy (PN) seal uses the Sea Lion as its emblem to signify the power of the organization and its resolute stand to hunt lawless elements and intrusions to protect the national sovereignty over Philippine waters in peace or in war. The Anchor, symbolic of the sea and sea vessels, represents the uniqueness of the naval profession that embodies the customs and traditions shared with other navies around the world. The two stars between its name and that of the country represent the two types of command of the Philippine Navy: the Philippine Fleet and the Philippine Marine Corps the fighting forces ashore or at sea following the fleet-marine tandem.

The Philippine Navy (PN) organizes, trains, deploys and maintains forces for the prompt and sustained naval and maritime operations in support of the United Commands in the accomplishment of the AFP mission. The Philippine Fleet is a branch of the country's armed services. It also has land and some air capabilities. The mission of the Philippine Fleet is to organize, train, equip, maintain, and operate Fleet forces for naval operations in order to fulfill the Philippine Navy Mission. The Fleet prepares surface platforms, aircraft and special operations assets for the conduct of operations pertaining to internal security, maritime security, external defense, disaster response, and development assistance. It is also pursuing a modest capability upgrade as one of its objectives.

The Fleet has seven task forces, three type forces and four type groups. The Ready Force is responsible for the operational readiness of Fleet vessels, aircraft, and SEAL teams and operates these forces mostly to address operational demands. The Patrol Force prepares and provides patrol ships for duty. The Service Force is responsible for preparing auxiliary transport and amphibious ships dedicated for sea lift and amphibious operations. The Assault Craft Force prepares patrol gunboats, patrol craft and small craft for naval operations.

The Naval Air Group comprises naval air assets. It prepares and provides these forces for naval operations with assets mainly for maritime reconnaissance and support missions. Another noteworthy unit is the Naval Special Operations Group, home of the sea, air, and land, or SEAL force of the Philippine navy. It prepares and provides highly trained teams that are capable of conducting special sea, air and land operations. The Fleet Training Group is responsible for the individual, team and unit Training requirements of the Fleet. Supporting the logistical and administrative requirements is the Fleet Support Group. This unit also undertakes disaster relief and rehabilitation missions to affected towns and villages in times of calamities.

The Philippine Fleet maintains one rapid deployment force and six territorial task forces in line with the One Fleet Team Concept. The Task Force Commander takes under his wing the other Fleet units in the area for optimization of their operations and better administrative support.

Naval Task Force 80 is the rapid deployment force that has the capability to muster forces and deal with contingencies in all areas of the archipelago. Seven Assault Craft Squadrons are also maintained together with ten Naval Special Operations Units and seven Naval Air Units deployed across the nation.

Naval Operational Commands are tasked to protect and defend the country's maritime areas within each respective Area of Responsibility. They have capabilities for conducting territorial defense operations, internal security operations and such other activities to support naval administration, logistics, service support and community development in their area of responsibility.

  • 1) NAVAL FORCES NORTH - responsible for the naval defense and security in Northern Luzon
  • 2) NAVAL FORCES SOUTH - responsible for the naval defense and security in Western Mindanao
  • 3) NAVAL FORCES WEST - responsible for the naval defense and security in the Western Philippines and Kalayaan Island Group.
  • 4) NAVAL FORCES CENTRAL - responsible for the naval defense and security in the Visayas
  • 5) NAVAL FORCES SOUTHERN LUZON - responsible for the naval defense and security in the Southern Luzon Area.
  • 6) NAVAL FORCES EASTERN MINDANAO - responsible for the naval defense and security in the Eastern part of Mindanao.
The Philippine Fleet's mission is to prepare and operate assigned forces for naval operations to support the PN's mission. Its general objectives are to optimize operational readiness and combat effectiveness of equipment and personnel and effectively manage available resources through efficient internal administration. The specific functions of the Fleet are:
  • 1) To provide assets that will conduct continuous naval patrol, sea control and amphibious operations to defend the sovereignty of the country, its territorial waters and EEZ from foreign aggression, intrusion and exploitation.
  • 2) To assist in the conduct of national security operations and ensure the safety and security of coastal areas.
  • 3) To employ assets to assist in the conduct of disaster response, particularly maritime search and rescue and patrol, sealift and other types of operations as directed.

The heightened consciousness of the fragility of marine ecosystems has enjoined the Navy to more aggressively protect the country's extensive marine ecology. Moreover, the full implications of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas, which the Philippines signed in 1982, have only lately been appreciated. While the convention has restricted and defined the boundaries of the Philippines' sea territory, it has also provided the country a 200-mile belt around the archipelago known as the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

But this comes with a price: There will be additional security and defense costs to secure this large area. The convention, in fact, allows innocent passage and archipelagic sealane passage which can be exploited by unscrupulous and unfriendly elements to exploit the country's resources or denigrate Philippine sovereignty. A dispute with Taiwan in 1991 over the "innocent passage" of Taiwanese vessels in fish-rich areas in the north and northeast was just one example of the security challenges that the convention imposes upon the Philippines. That dispute was settled thanks to the sincerity of both governments. Other states may not be as straightforward as Taiwan.

These recent development should provide guideposts for the Philippine navy in the coming years. Perhaps they augur for a future that will see a closer welding of the fortunes of the Navy and the nation as a whole. Depending on the degree to which government comes to terms with the country's marine realities and pursues the modernization of the Navy, the nation may ascend or falter, like the ebb and flow of the waves that surround the Philippines, and like the rise and fall that characterizes much of history.

In March 2008, the Navy admitted that it lacked the ability to defend its Spratly Islands claims against the other contender nations.">Presidential Security Group The mission of the Presidential Security Group is to protect the President of the Republic of the Philippines and his / her immediate family, visiting Heads of State / Government and other dignitaries as the President may direct. A PSG Troopers daily duty is composed of diverse engagements for the President, the First Family and other dignitaries. Aside from the security aspect, taking charge of the Seat of Government that is, one of the responsibilities of the Presidential Guards (PG) is to conduct and participate in significant acitivities happening within and outside the Malacaang Palace Complex. The goal is to strengthen as well as develop good relationships and rapport with the civilian populace. The Special Reaction Unit (SRU) maintains its proficiency and preparedness for any emergency situation it may be called out to perform. Soldiers can be compared to a dagger wherein blades must always be kept sharp and ready for use. As for soldiers trainings, seminars and refreshers in their field of expertise are needed to make them sharp and swift to react in whatever situation they may be called to respond to. Like the sharp edges of a daggers blade, SRU members are toughened by the continuous grinding of training. Sniper Refresher Training conducted in Camp ODonell, Capas, Tarlac and participated by the organic snipers and the OPCON PNP-SAF snipers from 22 to 27 October 2013. The said training was supervised by the competent training personnel of this unit. Proficiency SCUBA diving conducted last 31 October 2013 in Anilao, Mabini, Batangas. This training aims to build team/self-confidence and obtain experience and techniques on underwater navigation and security operations. The convoy drills with counter ambush maneuvers, conducted from 04 09 November 2013 under the supervision of the training committee of this unit. It reviewed the Tactics, Techniques and Procedures (TTPs), convoy command and control, integrity movement when passing thru danger areas, covering the VVIP during hostile fire situations, and review on immediate return fire against threats, cover fires and maneuvers, assaults and search SOPs. Explosive Detection Dog Handler Course (EDDHC) Cl-08 -13 that opened on 01 October 2013. This course was articipated by one (1) PNP officer and ten (10) Enlisted Personnel and they were expected to graduate early 2014. The objective of this training is to replace the aging Bomb Dogs of this command and for the preparation of additional dog handlers to replace those who are planning to retire in the coming years. Presidential Security Group (PSG) besides its main task of ensuring the safety of the highest official of the land, have also been actively engaged in various social responsibility activities especially during the hard times of calamity and disaster. With the renewed stewardship of Commodore Raul R Ubando AFP, PSG Group Commander, the Command extended its arms to the victims of Super Typhoon Yolanda by sending troops to assist in the relief efforts of the Department of Social Welfare and Development at the National Resource Operations Center (NROC) located at Chapel Road, NAIA, Pasay City. NROC serves as the main hub of all relief packaging in Metro Manila, thus, making it the busiest and most packed relief center in NCR. The PSG deployed a total of 461 personnel in 7 different sorties by providing manual labor, repackaging of goods and advising management procedures for efficiency of work. With the significant number of security missions to support, and with the limited number of personnel, PSG was still able to deliver this aid, all for the love of our fellow Filipinos. The spirit of BAYANIHAN in every filipino is reawakened with this kind of tragic event. Just like how it is done by our kababayans all over the world, PSG troopers and their families gave out whatever they can in forms of clothing, ready to eat food, canned goods, rice, blankets, shoes, water and other necessities for the victims of Yolanda. Their concern immediately became an impulse to help as donations flooded the office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Civil Military Operations (OG7), the usual collection hub of in-kind donations, as soon as they saw and heard the news of the devastation brought by the monster typhoon. Even members of the first family did not spare the chance to be able to extend relief by sending boxes of shoes, food, medicines and solar powered generators. With the BAYANIHAN trait flowing in every Pinoys blood, it is indeed undeniable that even the fury of Super Typhoon Yolanda can never diminish the resiliency of the Filipino spirit. Members of the PSG Officers ladies club headed by their club president Mrs Michelle Larrosa and members of the PSG EP ladies club headed by their president Mrs Maria Fe L Tolentino and other dependents also organized relief effort activities in their own available time in support of the Commands thrust to help the typhoon victims. The officers ladies club conducted repacking of their donated assortment of clothing and garments at the Amanpulo Hall, Malacanang Park. Meanwhile, the EP Ladies Club joined the repacking efforts at the DSWD National Resource Operations Center. Even their children and neighbors were eager to join and lend a hand to Contribute to the relief work. These efforts had not only created a favorable impression, it also became a venue for the dependents to foster friendship and goodwill to other families and friends. The DSWD NROC was very grateful and appreciative of the efforts shared by the men and women of the Command. The PSG had been instrumental in all aspect of the production process from the packing of the goods, to the loading and unloading of cargo and most importantly in helping systematize warehouse operations. The hard-hit Tacloban, Leyte and Samar may be a long way from complete rehabilitation, but whenever the agony of the disaster may last, the Presidential Security Group will always be behind supporting in any way they can. The PSG today is a far cry from the ragtag squad that Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo formed around March 1897, when he was elected President of the revolutionary government. Aguinaldo needed armed escorts because he was wary of the Magdiwang faction of the Katipunan whom his bloc, the Magdalo, had defeated in the election. Aguinaldos bodyguards, called escolta (escorts), were fiercely loyal and stood out in their rayadillo uniforms. Eleven days after Aguinaldo declared independence on June 23, 1898, he established a Department of War, the forerunner of the Department of National Defense. The department set up the El Cuerpo dela Guardia Presidencial (Corps of Presidential Guards), commanded by Major Geronimo Gatmaitan. The PSG chief, Brig. Gen. Delfin Bangit, said the El Cuerpo dela Guardia Presidencial was stationed inside the Malacanang ground. On May 22, 1938, President Manuel L. Quezon organized the Malacanang Guards, made up of two to three platoons with a little over a hundred members. Three years earlier there had been an assassination attempt on Quezon, and his aides wanted a security cordon around him to prevent his foes from trying again. During the Second World War, the Japanese occupation forces installed Jose P. Laurel as president. The Japanese must have considered having Japanese soldiers guarding a Filipino leader as demeaning, so they provided Laurel with an all-Filipino security escort. When Sergio Osmena took over as president, he organized a provisional Presidential Guards Battalion that remained until the time of his predecessor, Manuel Roxas. In August 1950 President Elpidio Quirino placed the presidential guards under the Philippine Constabulary and created a separate organization called Malacanang Secret Agents, perhaps taking a cue from US Secret Service. President Ramon Magsaysay changed the name of the Presidential Guards Battalion to Presidential Security Force. Carlos P. Garcia got back the old name when he assumed the presidency. During the time of Diosdado Macapagal, the Presidential Security Agency was formed, composed of both uniformed and confidential elements. When Ferdinand Marcos assumed power, the Presidential Security Agency was expanded to the Presidential Security Command. During the riotous protests of the 1970s, the Presidential Security Agency was often reinforced by units from the Constabulary, Army, Navy and the Metrocom (Metropolitan Command). These reinforcements were organized into Task Force Pasig. Corazon Aquino disbanded the Presidential Security Command in 1986 and replaced it with a leaner Presidential Security Group with Army Col. Voltaire T. Gazmin as its chief. The PSG had to start from scratch because the PSCs headquarters had been looted at the height of the People Power Revolution. In 1992 President Fidel V. Ramos appointed Brig. Gen. Ismael Villareal PSG commander. Villareal served for four years and was succeeded by Col. Jose Calimlim. President Ramos, a former military man, improved the PSG facilities. Its headquarters became a full-fledged camp that boasted two chapels, a gymnasium and physical fitness room, nursery and childrens playground, K-9 doghouse, apartments from enlisted personnel, a tennis court, rifle range and a house for golf caddies (Ramos is an avid golfer). When Joseph Estrada was sworn in on June 30, 1998, he briefly retained BGEN CALIMLIM before replacing him with COLONEL RODOLFO DIAZ PN(M)GSC. HER EXCELLENCY GLORIA MACAPAGAL ARROYO named COLONEL GLEN RABONZA PA(GSC) to head the PSG. On January 22, 2002, COL HERMOGENES C ESPERON JR PA(GSC) took over as Commander. COLONEL DELFIN N BANGIT PA (GSC)assumed the post on February 10, 2003. COLONEL ROMEO C PRESTOZA PAF(GSC) took over as Commander PSG on 12 July 2007 to 05 June 2008 and BRIGADIER GENERAL CELEDONIO B BOQUIREN JR AFP took over on 05 June 2008 to 12 March 2009 and on 12 March 2009 COLONEL JONAS CONDE SUMAGAYSAY PA(GSC) assumed as the new PSG Commander. After PRESIDENT BENIGNO SIMEON COJUANCO AQUINO III took oath as President on 30 June 2010, COL RAMON MATEO U DIZON PA (GSC) assumed as the new Commander, PSG on 01 July 2010 to 30 August 2013. COMMODORE RAUL R UBANDO AFP, made the history as the very first Navy Officer to take Presidential Security Group commandership on 30 August 2014 up to present.

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