C-802 Noor / Nur - Anti-ship Cruise Missile
The anti-ship Noor [Light] missile is an Iranian-made solid-fuel cruise missile, one of the well-known Iranian missiles manufactured by the Iranian Navy in 2005, an upgraded version of the Chinese C-802. The range of the Iranian version is 120 km, and in other models more than 220 km. The missile was launched from ground platforms, barges and fighter jets. The Iranians were also able to supply helicopters with this advanced missile.
The development of the anti-ship C-8 missile family (consisting of C-801 and C-802 and C-803) dates to the early 1970s by China. Unlike the previous Chinese anti-shippping missiles, the missile family of C-8 was affected by the design of Western missiles. And their appearance bywith the American Harpoon and the French Exocet missile, confirms this. The C-802 is the most popular member of this family and also known as YJ-82, which flew first time in 1989. Prominent features such as having a small-reflection flying radar at a height of 5 to 7 meters above sea level, and also equipped with a strong anti-jam ability, led to the reputation of this missile. The C-802 missile has the ability to be laucnhed from aircraft, surface ships, submarine and also ground vehicles, and is one of the world's best-known anti-shipping missiles.
The C-802 missile utilizes the same motor and rocket guidance system and the outer appearance of C-801. With the difference that its range has increased and the turbojet engine with paraffin fuel replaced the previous solid fuel engine. Therefore, it is more limited than its previous example to carry out fuel. Despite the weight loss, the C-802 increased the range from 40 kilometers to 120 km. The body of the rocket is slim and pulled into the egg. There are four delta-shaped bulk in the front, four small control bulk and four-way stabilizers on the tail.
The radar range of this missile is 130 kilometers. In addition to the guided radar, the C-802 missile is equipped with a radio control and an automated pilot. The precise radio guidance allows the missile to hold the missile at the lowest height in the sea. This missile semi-armor piercing [SAP] warhead with the weight of 165 kg has the ability to penetrate armor. Due to the kinetic energy of the rocket, it has the ability to penetrate into the deck. After entry into the ship, the missile explodes and causes the destruction of the target.
When the rocket is fired, the solid fuel engine drives the rocket from zero to 0.9 mc (Mach) within a few seconds. Then separated from the rocket engine and starts the engine jet work, led by the autopilot system and keeps maintaining a height of 10-20 meters from the surface of the sea . When the final stage is reached, the missile uses a radar to determine the target. When the missile determines the target to fall to a level of 3-5 meters from the surface of the sea, a few kilometers from the target, the danger is that the missile has the possibility of dodging the final stage, making it difficult and almost impossible for air defense systems In the barge to challenge him, which explains why the missile's target rate is claimed to be 98%.
When the missile arrives at target it drops to hit the water contact line of the vessel to do fatal damage. The missile uses a high-capacity anti-jamming system, making it nearly impossible to escape from the target. The rocket contains 165 kg of highly explosive material to penetrate the surface of the vessel, followed by another cargo that explodes inside the ship.
The missile has other models, the most important of which is the "Capable" cruise missile of the developer, a new generation of Noor cruise missiles at further distances. In the manufacture of the "Capable" missile, it used a structure and design to launch the "Noor" missile, but it has a range of more than 220 kilometers, and it is longer than Noor.
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