Ghader / Qader / Capable - cruise missile
Iran said 28 September 2011 it had equipped its naval forces with a domestically-developed cruise missile designed for sea-based targets and capable of destroying warships. Defense Minister General Ahmad Vahidi said a number of short range "Ghader" ("Capable" in Farsi) missiles had been delivered to the Revolutionary Guard's navy, assigned to protect Iran's sea borders. Vahidi said the cruise missile has a range of 200 kilometers and can travel at low altitudes. He added that it could be fired from the coast or from vessels.
IRIN Commander Habibollah Sayyari said on 19 April 2014 that the Iranian navy has fielded its Ghader anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM), with a range of 200km, on its frigates. Ghader ASCM, unveiled in 2011, can now be launched from multiple platforms: Ground-launched; launched from ships (frigates as announced by IRIN); and air-launched (fitted on F-4E Phantoms). The ship- and air-launched Ghader cruise missiles increase Iran’s naval defensive as well as offensive capabilities significantly in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz.
Some skeptics questioned the existence of this missile project. They announced that Iran did not manufacture the missile and bought only one aircraft from the outside. So, at a ceremony attended by army and navy commanders, at least 20 missiles were delivered to the troops. The fact is that some Western powers still did not believe that Iran has achieved the ability to design and produce mass production in the defense industry, and thus, after the introduction of Iranian equipment, they are spreading such propaganda. But in the case of a missile capable of taking on the operational effectiveness of the missile and its role in increasing the security of the sea and threatening the enemy's fleet with a high range by several dozen yards or helicopters and coastal coastal platforms is very painful, They did this without recalling the prototype of the missile with the name Noor ["Light"] in the boats and coastal launchers, as well as operational helicopters and combat aircraft.
The Minister of Defense, speaking at the event, announced the rocket had a ragne of more than 200 kilometers, which explains different meanings for the missile's long range. The missile also comes with coastal launchers, both boats and launch vehicles, which, if launched, will increase the range of the missile.
One of the remarkable points is the lack of significant increase in the dimensions of the missile compared to the previous one. In particular, the missile does not seem to differ from the previous one in terms of diameter, and only in terms of length is longer than the Noor missile. As a result, the missile can be powered by the least possible rocket launcher. In appearance, box-type launchers can only have a prominence in front of each box, which is capable of covering more light-length lengths. In addition, the similarity of systems that are not required to upgrade will make the mass production of the missile both cost-effective and in terms of reducing the design process. For example, the wings and the auxiliary engine seem to be the same.
Advances in this sample of cruise missiles include digital auto pilot systems, high precision navigation systems, pre-firing rocket launching capabilities, low level radar target targeting, advanced electronic combat radar, The rapid preparation and response of the missile to target the target and the ability to hit the coastal targets in addition to maritime targets.
The missile, due to its long range, can also shoot from the depths of its own soil into ground planes and keep its vessels in a safe area from the enemy's fleet, and on the other hand a safe area to move the enemy's fleet is less than before. And with this side-by-side win, their vulnerability is more than before.
The use of advanced radar in the ability to increase the likelihood of attacking the target and reducing its need for marine and airborne systems for targeting. This feature, along with the use of self-propelled launchers that interact with each other, increases the power of attacking the enemy effectively. According to the naval commander of the IRGC, the missile will be installed on helicopters, which can be used to increase the reaction speed of the system, so that the missile is at a speed greater than The frigates crossed dozens of kilometers in the sea and then fired at the enemy.
By entering the operational cycle, the Iranian anti-ship cruise missile family has become more complete and marks the momentum of maturity in the design and production of this type of missile. The capabilities that none of the surrounding countries are facing and have to use missiles made by other countrie.
Ghader and Ghadir Naval cruise missiles were successfully launched 23 February 2019, on the second day of ‘Velayat 97’ drills in the Sea of Oman and the Indian Ocean.
The United States has to stay away from these missiles in the Arabian Sea. This makes it possible for Iran to control the Strait of Hormuz and not allow it to navigate the flotilla. One of the main strategies of Iran has been the closure of the Strait of Hormuz. The closure of the Strait of Hormuz threatens global energy security, and by reducing the export of oil and raising its prices, the costs of the war with Iran have pushed not only the United States but also the entire world. Does. The United States would need to enter the Omani Sea to open the Strait of Hormuz and take control of it.
Deploying the US fleet at a distance of at least 1000 km from the Omani seacoast can cause many operational problems. One of these problems is that US Navy fighters do not have enough range. F/A-18C fighterHornet has a 550-km range with standard ammo load, which means it will refuel again to reach its target, and refueling will be done again in an area that is unsafe for pilots. To increase the range, it is necessary to reduce the loading of ammunition on the fighter, but this will cause the Americans to increase the number of their flying sorties for the intended purpose to reach the desired result, but this increases the risk of flying.
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