Iran - Father of All Bombs
A senior Iranian commander says Iran possesses domestically-made 10-ton “father of all bombs” that dwarfs the most powerful non-nuclear weapon of the US. “Following a proposal by the Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC), [Iran’s] Defense Industries [Organization] manufactured a 10-ton bomb. These bombs are at our disposal. They can be launched from Ilyushin aircraft and they are highly destructive,” IRGC Aerospace Force Commander Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh said in a Friday TV interview 16 December 2017.
The commander referred to the ordnance as Iran’s “father of all bombs” as compared with the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Bomb (MOAB), also known as the "mother of all bombs," which the US Air Force dropped on tunnels in Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province from an MC-130 aircraft in April.
The MOAB weighs about 22,000 pounds (9,800 kg), and was said to be the most powerful non-nuclear weapon ever designed. It was developed during the US war on Iraq and is intended to target large below-surface areas. Iran has repeatedly insisted that its military capabilities are solely aimed for defense purposes and they pose no threat to other countries. The country has also been assisting its allies, including Iraq and Syria, in their ongoing fight against terrorism.
Iran's reported creation of the "father of all bombs" should be seen as a message to Israel and the Persian Gulf States, Russian military expert Vladimir Korovin told Sputnik 18 December 2017, expressing doubt that Tehran would use its 10-ton conventional aviation bomb against the US. By announcing about the creation of a 10-ton non-nuclear aviation bomb, Iran has sent a strong signal to Israel and Tehran's other potential adversaries in the Middle Eastern region, Vladimir Korovin, an expert at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations' Center for Military and Political Studies, told Sputnik.
"Israel is deeply worried about the fact that Iran is edging closer to its border in Syria," Korovin said, "Perhaps, this statement is addressed to Israel and Iran's other counterparts [in the region]." The military analyst expressed confidence that Iran is not going to use the bomb against the United States. However, Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain are the main addressees of Tehran's "message," according to Korovin.
Commenting on Hajizadeh's statement, Korovin pointed out that given the heavy load of the bomb it is most likely the Iranian top military commander referred to the modernized Ilyushin Il-76 (NATO reporting name: Candid) — a multi-purpose four-engine turbofan strategic airlifter, produced either in the USSR or the Russian Federation.
However, according to the expert, the possibility that the Iranian 10-ton munition will be used in real combat is doubtful, since the modified Il-76 bomber carrying the "father of all bombs" must be accompanied by jet fighters, and remain at a certain altitude flying to the target in the absence of fire resistance from the ground.
"Therefore — it's just a demonstration of [Iran's] capabilities," Korovin noted drawing historic parallels between the creation of Iran's biggest non-nuclear bomb and the country's launch of the first domestically made satellite Omid in 2009, which was delivered to low Earth orbit (LEO) by Iran's own Safir-2 rocket.
According to the expert, there is nothing special about the development of the munition by Iran. The US's own 22,000-pound (9,8 tons) conventional ordnance, GBU-43 (Guided Bomb Unit) has been in service since 2003. It was first dropped in Afghanistan's Nangarhar province on April 13, 2017 as part of an air operation against Daesh (ISIS/ISIL), targeting underground facilities and a system of tunnels used by terrorists. The airstrike killed 92 Daesh terrorists.
Korovin recalled that during the Second World War the USSR had a 5-ton bomb which was dropped from the aircraft as early as in 1943. For its part, Russia's Aviation Thermobaric Bomb of Increased Power (ATBIP), nicknamed the "Father of All Bombs" was developed in the early 2000s and successfully field-tested in 2011, supposedly after being dropped by the Tupolev Tu-160 strategic bomber.
Russian online newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta called attention to the fact that the Russian thermobaric weapon's destructive power is four times that of the GBU-43/B, while the ATBIP's blast radius is twice as that of the GBU-43. Citing Deputy Chief of the Russian General Staff Alexander Rukshin the media outlet emphasized that the results of the ordnance's tests indicated that it is "comparable to a nuclear weapon in terms of efficiency and capabilities."
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