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SIGMA 10514 Guided Missile Frigate
PKR - Perusak Kawal Rudal = Guard Missile Destroyer

This much delayed program, once known as the Korvet Nasional (National Corvette), is classed by Indonesia as a destroyer, though the ship concerned is actually a frigate. The cost of the first ship is $220 million and includes transfer of technology to PT PAL which would enable future local manufacture of additional ships. In August 2010, a project was agreed to locally construct at least four and up to 16 guided missile escorts (Perusak Kawal Rudal, PKR) in cooperation with Dutch Damen Schelde.

Having a length of 138.7 meters and a width of 19.81 meters, this frigate is capable of carrying loads up to a maximum of 6,645 tons. With speeds reaching 30 knots, this ship is able to cover a distance of 16,700 km one way. The ship is equipped with four MTU 8000 20V M70 diesel engines. The frigate is also equipped with hangars and decks to carry medium helicopters that can be used for anti-submarine operations.

For sensors and radars, there is an MART-L radar operating in the L band frequency which is capable of detecting as far as 400 km. There is also a 6000 Scanter radar, tracking ship submarine sonar ATLAS ASO 94, SAAB ceros 200 and ES-3701 Tactical Radar Elcetronic Support Measures for electronic warfare. About weapons, the choice is complete and fierce . There is a 76mm OTO Melara canon to the 35mm Oerlikon Millenium Close-In Weapon System (CIWS). The latter is capable of firing 1,000 bullets per minute in automatic mode.

Next, there are 32 Mk41 vertical missile launcher tubes capable of firing surface-to-air missiles SM-2 IIIA, 24 Mk56 launcher tubes capable of firing surface-to-air missiles with RIM-162 Evolved SeaSparrow Missile). There were also the SSM Harpoon Block II missile launcher SSM, as well as two MU90 Impact ASW launchers.

In the 2009 strategic Defense Review process that formally gave birth to the Minimum Essential Force concept, or Optimum/Responsive Essential Force (O/REF) as it is now called, a new geostrategic thinking was further adopted, called Flash-point Defense. This strategy focuses on Indonesias force structure development not just qualitatively and quantitatively to obtain the minimum capability to deal with actual threats, but also geographically by gradually positioning forces in the areas of potential conflict most of which are in the outer islands.

A maritime country must have a capable marine combat operation capability. The Navy must have an effective defense function. The vast area of ??the sea requires heavy responsibilities, the Navy must continue to be built in all fields so that it becomes more professional. There are three classifications of Navy namely Brown, Green, and Blue Water Navy . All three have more differences in operating capabilities and regional projections. Brown water navy emphasizes operations in coastal or littoral areas, while green water navy is the operating capability in territorial territories (especially island nations), the highest classification of blue navy water requires the ability to operate across the ocean.

Indonesia's defense development is organized to realize military defense and non-military defense towards regional maritime forces that are respected in the Asia Pacific region with active defensive principles in order to guarantee national interests. The national defense effort is carried out through the development of a sustainable national defense posture to realize strength, ability and title. The development of military defense posture is aimed at fulfilling the main components of the Minimum Essential Force (MEF). The MEF program is a long-term program that has three stages. Now has entered the third phase which will end in 2024. To achieve essential minimum strength, there are a number of programs implemented namely Procurement, Rematerialization, Revitalization, and Relocation.

The Ministry of Defence of Indonesia and Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding, The Netherlands signed a contract 05 June 2012 for the engineering, build and delivery of a SIGMA 10514 Guided Missile Frigate, PKR - Perusak Kawal Rudal. The PKR will be built for the Indonesian Navy, TNI AL, and is to be delivered in 2016 [some reports state the ship was scheduled to be completed in 2017]. The acquisition of this ship is part of the further modernization and expansion of the Indonesian Navy, TNI-AL. The main missions and tasks of the SIGMA PKR 10514 will be in the domains of naval warfare as well as Maritime Security missions and tasks. Also, the ship may be used for humanitarian support tasks.

The ship will be built according to the successful SIGMA modular building strategy, as a sequel to the earlier built four SIGMA Corvettes for TNI AL. This means that modules of the frigate will be built in Europe as well as locally at PT PAL in Surabaya Indonesia. The assembly and trials of SIGMA PKR 10514 will take place in and from Surabaya, Indonesia.

The lead frigate of the SIGMA 10514 project is the KRI Raden Eddy Martadinata (331): Under the terms of the contract, the frigate will consist of several modules, 4 of which will be built at the shipyard in Surabaya, and 2 at the Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding in Vlissingen, the Netherlands. The assembly will be carried out by PT PAL (Persero) in Surabaya. The steel cutting ceremony took place on January 15, 2014. On April 16, 2014, a groundbreaking ceremony was held at the PT PAL (Persero) shipyard in Surabaya, Indonesia.keel January 18, 2016 launched. Named after Indonesian Navy admiral Raden Eddy Martadinata (Raden Eddy Martadinata) (March 29, 1921 - October 6, 1966), who was one of the founders of the Indonesian Navy. He was awarded the honorary title of "National Hero of Indonesia" posthumously in 1966. In September 2016, sea trials were completed, which took place over two weeks in the waters of the Java Sea. January 23, 2017 at the shipyard in Surabaya, the ceremony of handing over the ship to the customer - the Indonesian Navy. On April 07, 2017, the commissioning ceremony took place. He joined the Eastern Fleet of the Indonesian Navy and was based in Surabaya.

KRI I Gusti Ngurah Rai (332) was commissioned in January 2018. The vessel, which received pennant number 332, was delivered to the Indonesian Navy by shipbuilder PT PAL who worked with Dutch shipbuilder Damen under a transfer of technology agreement.

Both ships were delivered to the TNI-AL in the 'fitted for but not with' (FFBNW) configuration for its major weapon systems including point-defence missiles, surface-to-surface missiles, and a close-in weapon system (CIWS). However, both frigates have each been armed with one Leonardo (Oto Melara) 76/62 Super Rapid gun in the primary position.

Military Sealift Commands (MSC) fleet replenishment oiler USNS Rappahannock (T-AO-204) conducted an underway replenishment (UNREP) with a guided-missile frigate of the Indonesian Navy at Indonesian territorial waters in the South China Sea, 20 May 2018. The Rappahannock, a Henry J. Kaiser-class ship, transferred more than 13,000 gallons of fuel to the KRI Raden Eddy Martadinata (FFG-331), a Martadinata-class guided-missile frigate of the Indonesian Navy.

"Indonesia is an important partner in the region and drills like this help promote interoperability, enhance our partnership and increase Theater Security Cooperation, said Capt. Robert R. Williams, commodore of MSC Far East. We have worked with the Indonesian Navy in various exercises, such as Pacific Partnership and Komodo, and those are great opportunities to foster that military-to-military relationship with them. The UNREP is our way of building a Navy-to-Navy relationship with the Indonesians. In doing so, we are helping their Navy increase capacity.

The Navy planned to buy 4 at least missile destroyer escorts from PT PAL. Indonesia has a requirement for around 20 frigates largely based on Damen's SIGMA 10514 design and built by PT Pal.

By March 2019 Janes reported that the Indonesian Ministry of Defence (MoD) was leaning towards a variant of the Iver Huitfeldt class offered by Danish company Odense Maritime Technology (OMT) in their quest to acquire two more frigates for the country's navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Laut: TNI-AL). The frigates are being acquired as part of the second phase of the Minimum Essential Force (MEF) modernisation blueprint, which runs from 2015 to 2019. The country had a requirement for at least four more hulls in the longer term as part of wider MEF requirements.

By mid-2020 Indonesian Navy was still considering acquisiiton of a variant of Denmarks Iver Huitfeldt class frigate. The frigates are being acquired as part of the second phase of the Minimum Essential Force (MEF) modernisation blueprint. Indonesia also acquired two SIGMA 10514 vessels from Damen that now serve as the Martadinata class as part of Minimum Essential Force (MEF) program.

The country has a requirement for at least four more hulls in the longer term as part of wider MEF requirements. The first phase of Indonesia's frigate acquisition program is budgetd at USD720 million for two platforms. A defence industry co-operation agreement between Denmark's Odense Maritime Technology, and the Indonesian Navy's Naval Design Centre was signed.

The Iver Huitfeldt class is a three-ship class of frigates that entered service with the Royal Danish Navy in 2012 and 2013. The class is built on the design of the Absalon-class support ships, and by reusing the basic hull design of the Absalon class the Royal Danish Navy have been able to construct the Iver Huitfeldt class considerably cheaper than comparable ships. The frigates are compatible with the Danish Navy's StanFlex modular mission payload system used in the Absalons, and are designed with slots for six modules. These ships share their Anti-Air Warfare suite with the Royal Netherlands Navy's De Zeven Provincin-class frigates and the German Navy's Sachsen-class frigates.

Following the 'violation' of Indonesia's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), by the Chinese Coast Guard in the Natuna Waters region, Riau Islands, news re-emerged the purchase of large-sized vessels, to protect Indonesian waters. Not just any ship of course. The Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment Luhut Binsar Panjaitan some time ago said that the vessels purchased were large and ocean going. "We will buy from Denmark, it is indeed a ship that is ocean going which is (length) 138 meters (up to) which can be 150 meters. So he can sail this frigate in the open sea," he said, 17 Janaury 2020.




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Page last modified: 03-06-2020 18:36:37 ZULU