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APR-1 (angkut personel sedang)

Rantis stands for Kendaraan Taktis or Tactical Vehicle in English. Indonesia has built several Prototype of rantis, only few of them are brought to production. Tactical vehicles (rantis) include 4 wheeled armored personnel carrier types. Historical development of Panzer [the Indonesian term for an armored personnel carrier] at PINDAD started in 2003 as a result of increased military intervention in the provinces. During the military operation in Aceh, Army personnel said a transport vehicle for troop transport was a very urgent need. PINDAD responded to this demand in 2004, with the APR-1V (Lightweight Personnel Transport) an armored vehicle based on the chassis of Isuzu trucks. However, orders for 26 such vehicles were subsequently canceled after the Tsunami in 2004.

This stemmed from the birth of armored military equipment embargo launched by the US in 1999, by which time many military armaments, combat vehicles, and personnel carriers in the Army force-wide were aging, but still a major part of the combat arsenal. A golden opportunity came when the TNI Commander General Endriartono Sutarto on one occasion asked PINDAD to make vehicles transporting personnel to fill the needs of the military. Without much fanfare, the request was met with a launch vehicle PINDAD personnel carrier labeled APR-1 (Personnel Lightweight Load-1).

This four wheeler used the chassis and engine Isuzu 4x4 truck. It was more like an armored car with a slender and elongated body that has bulletproof armor. In addition there is the top of the armored turret or tower swivel that can rotate 360 degrees. Although the truck chassis adopted did not come from a military vehicle, the armored capability should not be underestimated. It had the ability to overcome a variety of heavy and steep terrain, and the ability to maneuver to its own advantages.

In 2004 it had proven itself in action on the battlefield during the Martial Law in Aceh. Seeing their toughness, reliability and operating in all terrain was a proven ability in the field, the APR-1 was one vehicle made in Indonesia that received the title battle proven. Remarkably, of the 40 APR-1 that were used in Aceh, only two units were damaged (one by accident and one because of the tsunami).

Another advantage was the speed of the panzer, which was able travel up to speeds of 100 km / hour, allowing it to make the pursuit of the enemy. As to weaponry, APR-1 was able to carry a variety of weapons, ranging from automatic grenade launcher AGL-40, heavy machine guns (SMB) caliber 12.7mm, medium machine guns (SMS) caliber 7.62mm up to 60mm caliber grenade launcher.

APR-1 (Angkut Personel Ringan-2 APR-1 (Angkut Personel Ringan-2

APR-2 (Angkut Personel Ringan-2 / Personnel Lightweight Load-2)

After the success with APR-1, PINDAD then develop the APR-2 armored vehicle. Technically this was still the same APC, with the most conspicuous diffrence being the number of wheels and the use of the Isuzu chassis for the armored hull. But the eppearance of the APR-2 was distinct, mainly on the size larger body and resembles a normal everyday minibus, so it was sometimes called an "armored minibus". The APR-2 was created to meet the needs of the Police.

APR-2 (Angkut Personel Ringan-2

APS-1 (angkut personel sedang)

PINDAD continued development with the help of the Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT). PINDAD APS-1 (Angkut Personel Sedang - Medium Personnel Carrier) is an armored military vehicle made ??by PT Pindad (Persero), Indonesia. The vehicle used to transport personnel is known generally by the name of APC (Armored personnel carrier - bahasa Indonesia : Pengangkut personel lapis baja). The armored vehicle is a further development of prototype APR-1V (Personnel Transport Light-1V) 4x4 developed by BPPT and PINDAD and then improved using a 6x6 wheel drive. The difference with the prototype APR-1V is the replacement of the original model of the chassis using the chassis of the Isuzu SASI truck chassis made ??by PT Texmaco Perkasa.

Texmaco engineering division was in three locations and filigree like Subang in West Java, and in Kali Purple, Semarang, Central Java, with a total area of 1,175 hectares of land assets. However, most of the plant ceased operations in 2004 due to the economic crisis and only a few are still operating with 20% capacity. Related to the development of the arms industry, PT Texmaco Engineering in cooperation with PT DI and PT Pindad able to produce armored vehicles and other combat vehicles.

PINDAD developed 66 armored vehicles, the APS-1 V1, in 2005. Both are identical vehicles, taking 5 ton truck chassis from Texmaco Perkasa. Difference, APS only have one next to the driver's cabin. Two pairs of rear wheels APS-1 and APS clustered apart from a pair of front wheels (asymmetric). More like an armored truck instead of an armored car, APS-1 may be compared to a generation of 'Super Kijang'. APS has two side sliding doors for passengers, in addition to the standard rear door. An odd design for vehicles combat, it was more suitable as an armored limousine to transport general to war rather than a combat vehicle.

APS-1 (angkut personel sedang) APS-1 (angkut personel sedang)

APS-2 (angkut personel sedang)

Although not selected to be produced, the experience gained from the development of APS-1 convinced the Indonesian military to give the green light to PINDAD to create the next generation of Panzer, Pindad APS-2, powered by a Renault MIDR 062 045 diesel turbo-charged 6-cylinder inline engine, which provides a speed of 90 km/hr. With a production cost of 600 million rupiah apiece [US$60,000, a fraction the typical price], the Department of Defense and Security of the Republic of Indonesia ordered 150 units of APS-2 6x6 not include 4 units that had arrived earlier. Shipping was to be done in three phases, and delivery was expected to be completed in late 2010.

APS-2 (angkut personel sedang)

At this point the story becomes complicated, and obscure. In 1947, at the Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ, plant = zavod) began work on a light armored personnel carrier BTR-40, which was the first armored car production in the Soviet Union. In KB Production Cars GAZ led by Lead Designer Vsevolod Konstantinovich Rubtsov designed the first Gorky APC. It was based on the sound idea that armored car does not need a frame design. Properly designed hulls can be the main carrier of the power element of the whole machine. Thereby significantly reduced weight and reduced overall height. For example, a heavy chassis makes it possible to apply a thick armored plates. Of course, the design has become an axiom of hulls typically have exterior, especially the frontal, hull plates are at an angle - so they can better deflect bullets and fragments.

At some point it was realized that mounting an armor hull on the commercial standard truck chassis that the basis of the APS-2 might produce a vehicle that looked like an armored personnel carrier, but it would not produce a vehicle with the off-road performance of an armored personnel carrier constructed along the lines of the BTR-40, and almost every other 20th Century APC. The eventual result was the APS-3, an Indonesian derivative of the French VAB. ANOA APS-3 is different from its predecessor (APS-1 and APS-2) that were developed from commercial trucks. Anoa used a monocoque armored body design, and a torsion bar suspension system that was developed for this APC.

The transition from the APS-2 armored truck to the APS-3 armored personnel carrier was so seamless that a number of Indonesia sources appear unaware of the transition. The Indonesian edition of wikipedia reports on production of both variants, while some published sources report on the APS-3 vehicles using the APS-2 nomenclature.



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Page last modified: 04-09-2013 19:18:11 ZULU