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Shipbuilding Centre, Visakhapatnam [Visakapatnam]

The Arihant class( nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines)- INS Arihant (S73), INS Aridhaman (S74) are built for the Indian Navy by Navy Shipbuilding Centre, Visakhapatnam. The miniaturised naval version of the reactor was designed and built by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) at the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) in Kalpakkam. Several companies supplied components of the reactor. High grade steel supplied by Heavy Engineering Corporation, Ranchi was used to build the reactor vessel. The steam generator was provided by BHEL; and Audco India, Chennai built the pressure valves. Separately, infrastructure for testing the reactor subsystems was set up at the Machinery Test Center in Visakhapatnam. Facilities for loading and replacing the fuel cores of the naval reactors in berthed submarines were also established at the Ship Building Center.

A civilian worker of Larsen & Toubro was killed and another two injured when the hatch of a "tank" to be installed in INS Aridhaman the follow-on submarine to the first one, INS Arihant blew off during its "hydro-pressure testing" in building number 5 of the SBC on 09 March 2014.

Visakhapatnam is the largest city, both in terms of area and population in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatnam, or Vizag as it was often called, is the best tourism destination in Andhra Pradesh. From Lakes to cool Beaches, from beautiful Hill Ranges to Caves and Valleys, Visakhapatnam has them all. The district has many tourism spots that represent the Culture and Heritage of the true India.

Visakhapatnam Port is one of the leading major ports of India. The Port is located on the east coast of India in between Chennai and Kolkata at a latitude of 17042' 00'' North and longitude of 83023' 00'' East and the time zone is GMT + 5:30. The Port has three harbours viz., outer harbour, inner harbour and the fishing harbour. The outer harbour with a water spread of 200 hectares has 6 berths and the inner harbour with a water spread of 100 hectares has 18 berths. Bestowed with natural deep-water basins, the outer harbour is capable of accommodating vessels up to 200,000 DWT and draft upto 18.1 meters.The inner harbour is capable of accommodating fully laden Panamax vessels with draft upto 14.5 meters, with tide advantage.

Visakhapatnam was an ancient Port city which had trade relations with the Middle East and Rome. Ships were anchored at open roads and were loaded with cargo transported from Visakhapatnam shore by means of small Masula boats. A reference to Vizagapatam merchant is available in the inscriptions of Sri Bheemeswara Swamy temple (1068 AD), East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. During 12th century AD, Vizagapatam was a fortified merchandize town managed by a guild. It has become a settlement of a branch of East India Company in 1682. Rs. 83 lakh worth of goods were moved through Vizagapatam / Bhimunipatnam in 1882-83.

During the years of II World War (1939-42) the Port assumed military importance. After the war and countrys independence, the planned development of the Port started with the commencement of Five Year Plans of the country. Substantial investments were made in the successive Five Year Plans for developing the infrastructure in the Port.

The Director General Naval Projects, Visakhapatnam DGNP(V) at Visakhapatnam was established in July 1967 at the Naval Base Vizag for setting up a composite complex consisting of Naval Dockyard, Training School Complex and a Naval Base as per the Soviet Project Report (SPR). However, over the years, the charter and responsibility of the organization have increased and DGNP(V) has been involved in creation of facilities for the Ship Building Centre, creation and up gradation of facilities for INS Eksila and Naval Dockyard under the Annual Technical Works Programme and other miscellaneous works entrusted by Headquarters Eastern Naval Command under the Annual Major Works Programme. DGNP(V) is an inter services Organization with Technical and Engineering Staff from Indian Army, Navy and Civilians from MES, Defence Accounts and local recruitment. DGNP(V) is headed by an officer of the rank of Vice / Rear Admiral who is designated as the Director General. He is assisted in his duties by four Heads of Departments, namely the Planning, Works, Equipment and Finance departments headed by Brigadiers or equivalent.

The role of the organisation is to create and upgrade technical, marine and civil infrastructures of highest quality standards for Naval Dockyard Visakhapatnam and INS Eksila, as also for executing any technical project being tasked. The units credo of QUALITY INFRASTRUCTURE ON TIME, is well expressed in the Vision Statement which reads as To become a world class organisation for creation and up-gradation of quality infrastructure to enable Indian Navy to discharge its duties in the most efficient and effective manner

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