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India Army - Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM)
Quick Reaction Missile (QRM)

The Army uses Russian OSA-AK, Kvadrat, Shilka and Tunguska air-defense systems. India had made attempts to upgrade its badly outdated anti-aircraft and missile defenses, which still rely on antiquated Soviet era OSA-AKM [SA-8 Gecko] and ZRK-BD Strela-10M [SA-13 Gopher] SAM systems.

The all-weather, tracked-chassis Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM), intended to defend Army formations operating in plains and semi-desert areas, was required to engage all kinds of targets, including aircraft at altitudes up to 9 kilometers, hovering helicopters, missiles up to 800 meters per second and low-flying targets, including those that suddenly appear at close range. The QRSAM's radar should be able to track while scanning out to 28 kilometers; provide 3-D, 360-degree coverage; recognize identification-friend-or-foe beacons; detect ballistic and cruise missiles; and guide four missiles to separate targets. The 900-meter-per-second missiles should be able to hit targets 12 kilometers out and 6 kilometers up within six seconds of detection. The launchers should be able to operate 24 hours a day, move 150 kilometers a day without refueling and have nuclear-biological-chemical protection.

Defense ministry officials granted permission for a global tender in mid-September 2007, after the state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) said the Rafael Spyder surface-to-air missile did not meet the Army's mobility requirements. But the Israeli missile remained the Indian Air Force's choice to replace Russian OSA self-propelled anti-aircraft integrated systems. The Indian Army planned to ask for bids to supply 56 Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) mobile launcher systems worth more than $1.5 billion. The deal was to include the licensed production in India of more than 4,000 missiles over 20 years. Firms to be invited to bid are likely to include Israel's Rafael, Canada's Oerlikon Contraves, the U.S. Boeing and Raytheon, Russia's KPB Tula and, for the first time, DRDO.

DRDO was working with MBDA of France on a $500 million effort to develop the 35-kilometer Maitri quick-reaction missile, a blend of the French Mica and DRDO Trishul. Design will be carried out at Defence Research and Development Laboratory facilities in Hyderabad. MBDA would develop an active homing head, thrust-vector controls and missiles. DRDL will handle software, command-and-control, and integration.

Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) on 04-August-2019 successfully flight-tested its state-of-the-art Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles (QRSAM) against live aerial targets from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur. Two missiles, developed by DRDO, were tested against two live targets meeting complete mission objectives of engaging the targets. QRSAM, with many state of the art technologies, engaged the targets at different ranges and altitudes. The systems have been tested in final configuration with RADAR mounted on a vehicle & missiles on the launcher. The systems are equipped with indigenously-developed Phased array radar, Inertial Navigation System, Data Link & RF seeker. The entire mission was captured by various Electro Optical Tracking Systems, Radar Systems and Telemetry Systems. The system is being developed for Indian Army with search and track on move capability with very short reaction time.

India successfully test-fired two missiles from Chandipur in Odisha 19 December 2019. The upgraded version of Pinaka guided rocket system was test-fired from the DRDOs Proof and Experimental Establishment firing test range while the all-weather tracked-chassis Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QR-SAM) tested from a mobile launcher at a launch complex of the Integrated Test Range. AIR correspondent reports that the indigenously developed Pinaka and QR-SAM weapon system test achieved the desired accuracy by hitting the intended target with a high degree of precision and met all mission objectives.

QRSAM system developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) was successfully flight-tested from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off the Odisha coast at 1145 hrs 23 December 2019. The missile was flight-tested with full configuration in deployment mode intercepting the target mid-air, meeting the mission objectives. The entire event was monitored by Ground Telemetry Systems, Range Radar Systems, Electro Optical Tracking System etc. With this mission, the developmental trials of the weapon system are successfully completed and the weapon system is expected to be ready for induction by 2021.

The QRSAM weapon system, which operates on the move, comprises of fully automated Command and Control System, Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar, Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar and Launcher. Both radars are four-walled having 360-degree coverage with search on move and track on move capability. The system is compact with minimum number of vehicles for a firing unit. Single stage solid propelled missile has midcourse inertial navigation system with two-way data link and terminal active seeker developed indigenously by DRDO. The missile successfully engaged the aerial target establishing its capability. Director General (Missiles and Strategic Systems) Shri MSR Prasad was present during the trial.




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