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Prahaar / Pragati

Prahaar [not Prahar], a novel, highly manoeuvrable precision strike, surface-to-surface tactical missile capable of being fired in salvo mode is all set to extend the reach of artillery fire to over 150 kilometers, filling the gap between Pinaka rockets and Prithvi Missile. It is comparable to the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) of the United States. Having undergone extensive weapon trials, extreme weather trials, high altitude and sea level trials it was heading towards achieving the final Operational Clearance by 2013.

The Prahaar Missile system is developed to provide Indian Army a cost effective, quick reaction, all weather, all terrain, high accurate battle field support tactical system. The Missile system is developed to provide Indian Army a cost effective, quick reaction, all weather, all terrain, high accurate battle field support tactical system. There had been -- and continued to be -- a great deal of speculation over what the missile's antecedents are. The development of Missile was carried out by the DRDO Scientists in a short span of less than two years. According to DRDO sources, India's interceptor missile was converted into Prahaar. Other sources claim Prahaar is the Israeli LORA missile. India imported this missile from Israel and later it would be manufactured in India with Indian paint scheme.

The 150 km range 'Prahaar' is a single stage missile and is fuelled by solid propellants. The uniqueness of the missile system is that "in one salvo, six missiles can be fired with multiple targets," said a scientist associated with this project. This short range missile would be an 'excellent weapon' which would fill the gap between unguided multi-barrel rocket system 'Pinaka' with 40 km range and guided missiles like 'Prithvi', which can strike at 250 km to 350 km range.

India's newest missile, Prahaar, was test-fired in July 2011 from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) on the country's eastern seaboard with a precision of 10 meters. The missile (the existence of which had been unknown until a few weeks earlier) was officially described as a quick reaction surface to surface weapon that will be road-mobile, cannisterised and in a six-missile per unit configuration.

India successfully conducted the first test-fire of its short-range, quick reaction, tactical missile 'Prahaar' from the Integrated Test Range off Orissa coast on 21 July 2011. "The test launch was fully successful as the surface-to-surface, sleek missile mounted on a road mobile launcher, roared into an overcast sky, seconds within it's blast off," defence sources said.

The sophisticated missile was test fired from ITR's launch pad-3 at about 8:15 am leaving behind its trajectory in an orange and white ribbon of smoke, they said. "The missile witnessed a smooth vertical take-off from the launch pad and vital parameters will be analysed after mission data is retrieved," said a Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) scientist soon after the missile was test-fired.

In view of the scheduled missile test, the Balasore district administration had as a precautionary measure temporarily evacuated 3,220 persons residing within two km radius of the launch pad-3 in to nearby shelter centers.Fishermen were also warned not to venture into the sea during the missile test time.

India developed a new tactical surface-to-surface missile 'Pragati' with a range between 60-170 km and will offer it to friendly countries. The new missile is based on the Prahaar missile developed by the DRDO for the Army and can be termed as its export variant with minor differences. Pragati export version (max 170km range) shown during South Korean arms expo in 2013 details that 2, 4 and 6-missile configurations are available for mounting on 6x6, 8x8 and 12x12 vehicles respectively.

Pragati will be the first ballistic missile offered for export. The first international appearance of the missile was at the 2013 ADEX defense expo in Seoul. The new missile measures 7.4 meters (24', 3?) and 0.42 meter (16.5?) in diameter, it carries a conventional warhead weighing up to 200 kg. The Pragati missile uses solid propellant and is launched from a Mobile Launcher System (MLS). 2-6 missiles are carried by each vehicle (depending on the configuration). The system is designed for quick reaction, enabling a second missile launch five seconds after the first has cleared the rail.

At a maximum speed of 4 Mach the flight time would be 120 360 seconds. The missile uses a combination of thrust vectoring and aerodynamic control to stabilize its ascent and shape flight trajectory to achieve a circular error point (CEP) hit probability of less than 20 meters. For guidance, Pragati uses a combination of Ring Laser Gyro (RLG) based inertial navigation system assisted by global positioning navigation (GPS) reference.

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Page last modified: 17-12-2020 20:09:53 ZULU