Nagaland - Climate
Flood affects all the low lying areas of Nagaland bordering Assam. In the year 2005, the Township of Tuli and the adjoining areas were very badly affected by flood. This left the area marooned for many days. The different colonies of Dimapur Town remained submerged during 11th - 24th September 2008, which includes Dobhinalla, Super market, Nagarjan, Burma Camp, Walford, Sachu Colony, Nagagaon, Khermahal, Netaji Colony, Naharbari and Airport Areas.
On July 2015, one youth was swept away and two others injured after a sudden monsoon flood inundated New Thewati village under Meluri Sub-Division, Phek district which submerged five rivers surrounding the village. Five bridges which include one iron bridge, two wooden bridges and two concrete slate bridge were swept away by the flood. The villagers was virtually trapped between five overflowing rivers namely Khayowti, Lüyakti, Yowthriti and Lüyakti & Zezüti rivers between Shilloi and Laruri. Further, the lower khel of the vilage, which have been inundated by flood, forced the villagers to move up to the upper khel.
Storms and high speed wind are a recurring phenomenon every year. On the 29th of March 2008, a few buildings have been razed to the ground while electric poles and trees have been uprooted in Mokokchung District. In Kohima District, high speed winds have destroyed mobile towers during March and April 2009. In 2010, Hailstorm, accompanied by high velocity cyclone winds, lashed parts of Nagaland causing damages to lives and properties. Dozens of houses, including government property, were damaged in Atoizu subdivision. Around 10 houses were uprooted in Awotsakilimi village and an equal number in Yeshulto village. At least 60 houses were severely damaged in Changtongya town and Akhoya village in Mokokchung district
It has been passed down by ancestors that droughts have occurred in Nagaland in the past. However there are no documents and records to prove them. In 2009, Nagaland for the first time declared the whole state as drought affected, following a 37.15 per cent drop in normal rainfall that had adversely affected the cultivation of paddy and other crops.
Jalukie valley in Peren District, which is called the Rice bowl of Nagaland had been very badly affected by drought. Huge areas of paddy cultivable land had been left barren due to shortage of water. The officials observed that cultivation or sowing seeds starts in the month of February and crops require optimum moisture for ideal growth between February and June. However, rainfall received during these months was deficient which had affected agricultural and horticultural crops to a large extent.
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