Brahmos II / Zircon
Brahmos and Brahmos II have nothing in common apart from the name, and being a joint venture between India and Russia. Project for hypersonic missiles development was undertajen by "NPO Machine Building" in conjunction with the DRDO (India). September 29, 2008 after a meeting of the Russian-Indian Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation Head of the joint venture BrahMos Shivathanu Dr. Pillai said that soveschenii decision was made on joint development of hypersonic missile BrahMos-II with a flight speed of 5-7m. Creating the rocket was planned to be carried out within 5 years (in 2013).
President A P J Abdul Kalam said on 21 June 2007 that the time had come for BrahMos Aerospace to work on Mark-II version of BrahMos so that it remains the market leader in hyper-sonic cruise missiles. "In the emerging network centric warfare scenario, the fast deployment of hypersonic missile systems will be necessary to maintain our force level supremacy. I visualise long range hypersonic cruise missiles not only delivering payloads but also returning to the base after the mission, leading to re-usable class of cruise missiles within the next decade. It is time that the three services work with the team of BrahMos Aerospace to evolve the QR for such a system in a time-bound manner", he said.
In 2009, the DRDO planned to test hypersonic demonstrator HSTDV, established jointly with IAI (Israel), TsAGI and CIAM. The purpose of the tests - tests of a hypersonic ramjet combustor. There is the assumption that the basis of the joint development is the system created in the first place for the Russian Armed Forces in the "NPO Machine Building" - missile system with RCC "Zircon". The first application for the development of the complex in the media related to the 2010-2011.
The Russian-Indian joint venture Brahmos Aerospace will start developing a new Brahmos-2 hypersonic missile this year, Brahmos Aerospace Director Alexander Maksichev said on 12 June 2011. "During the year, we are planning to start work on a hypersonic missile, Brahmos-2. This will be a completely new missile,' he said on the sidelines of a conference on the 10th anniversary of the first launch of the Brahmos missile.
As of 2011, serial production of missiles of "Zircon" (and possibly BraHmos-II) in the coming years was planned at "Strela" (Orenburg, ist. - Annual Report, page 15). Before the opening Aviation Exhibition Aero India 2013 February 5, 2013 for the first time there was a photo model missile BrahMos-II. Later, on the opening day February 6 - there were already more detailed photos of the model rocket.
At the beginning of 2013, some believed that the identification of complex BrahMos-II as an analog RCC "Zircon" - is either a hoax or a mistake.
T3K22 Zircon / Tsirkon / 3M22 rocket
All of the USSR's hypersonic weapons designs were strictly classified. It was only due to the fact that the project was closed in 1992 thanks to a lack of financing and the collapse of the defense industry in general that some information about the Kh-90 has become publically available. After a period of stagnation in the 1990s, development resumed. Today, the analyst noted, Russia has reached a point where it has created and is actively testing at least two hypersonic systems. "This includes the 3K-22 Zircon anti-ship cruise missile, the main developer of which is the NPO Machine Building plant in Reutov, outside Moscow, which is also part of KTRV. At the same time, an export version of the missile, known as the Brahmos, is being developed for the Indian Navy."
Zircon is a hypersonic a multi-purpose operational/tactical missile / anti-ship missile. According to available information, the development of the complex was conducted at "NPO Machine Building" (Annual Report, page 15). The first application for the development of the complex in the media was in February 2011. There was also not officially confirmed the assumption that the export variant missiles "Zircon" is BrahMos-II. Until 2012 there was also a hypothesis that the complex was the successor complex to "Bolide", a development of the NPO Engineering.
In 2011, the NPO "Engineering" as part of the Directorate 15-51 organized a group of leading designers on the 3M-22 theme - Sergei Bunakov, Denis Vitushkin, Yuri Vorotyntseva and Alexey Naydenov. In the same year, it seems to have developed a draft design of the complex "Zircon-C", and, accordingly, draft projects complex subsystems. Part D - "Zircon-C-ARC" and "Zircon-C-RV" was performed a structural subdivision of HRCT - UPKB "Detail". As of 2011 the organization of serial production in the coming years missiles of "Zircon" is planned at "Strela" (Orenburg, east -. Annual Report, page 15). Completion of the establishment of the missile system is planned for 2020
According to the analysis of the information relating to the second half of 2012 has been suggested that the theme of "Zircon" either closed or changed. The actual evidence for this assumption was slim, but there is a possibility that it is closing the work on the project for technical reasons could cause the appearance of the Government's proposals for the unification of the ICD "Rainbow" with "NPO Machine Building" for the organization of work on hypersonic weapons.
May 25, 2013, this information was adjusted : the development of the complex continues according to plan, but during 2012 there was a pause caused by technical problems. There was a direct connection with the reorganization of work on hypersonic and the situation with the theme of OCD or research "Zircon". There was now under consideration the concept of the development of hypersonic technologies, which entered GZLA classification, the priority development of various technologies and materials for GZLA. The main focus of the first stage, of course, taken the development of the system that has already been tested by us. The rest of the directions is planned as a pilot with the creation of the demonstrators, but existing in their backlog is consistent with the world level no less important than the creation of technologies, materials and demonstrators, now the development of other concepts -.. concept of combat use of hypersonic weapons systems necessary to answer the question -. why need such a system, as they should be used, in any form and manner which the objectives will be achieved by the application and the main question -. what is the uniqueness of such systems and what tasks they can decide that it is impossible to solve the existing weapons systems.
A report from 15 July 2015 refers to the willingness to test RPC "Zircon". Probably, it is a full-fledged flight test engineering. On 19/02/2016, the media reported that the were already flight-design state tests missiles at the end of which a decision is made on the adoption of a rocket "Zircon" adopted Russian Navy ships. April 19, 2016 reported that the missile "Zircon", state that the test is scheduled for completion in 2017, in 2018 to be put into serial production.
Heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" will get the hypersonic missile "Zircon" during modernization, Tass reported on 19 April 2016, citing a source in the shipbuilding industry. Earlier, another source told Tass that "Cubic Zirconia" is planned to be equipped with the same type of ship "Petr Veliky", which would run modernization after 2018. "Nakhimov" at this time is to go back into operation. "During the repair with thorough modernization at the" Admiral Nakhimov "replace complex percussion As a result, he gets hypersonic missiles." Zircon "- a spokesman said.
Russia's new hypersonic anti-ship missiles "Zircon" reached a speed on trials of Mach 8. This was reported 15 April 2017 by TASS source in the military-industrial complex. "In the course of the missile tests, it was confirmed that her speed on the march reaches 8 Makhov (number, taking into account the dependence of the sound velocity on the flight altitude - note Tass.)", - the source said, without specifying when and with what platform launch was held missiles. The "Zircon", said the source, can be fired from the universal launchers 3S14 plants, which are also used for missiles "Caliber" and "Onyx". As reported previously by TASS other sources in the Russian "defense industry", in 2017 "Zircon" would pass state tests. After adopting a missile, in particular, needs to replenish ammunition load of heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Petr Veliky" and "Admiral Nakhimov". The firing range of "Zircon", according to the public data is about 400 kilometers; the maximum speed of the rocket is indicated in the area of ??Mach 4-6.
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