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Amphibious Exercises

A major tri-service amphibious exercise "Amphex" was conducted in the Andaman and Nicobar group of islands from 02-10 Nov 2001 in which assets from the three services and coast guard will be participating. This was the first major exercise to be conducted in the operational area of the recently formed integrated Andaman and Nicobar Command. Apart from a mountain brigade of the Army specially earmarked for amphibious operations, elements of special and mechanised forces, artillery, air defence artillery, engineer and logistics elements participated.

From the Air Force, Jaguar aircraft operated in the maritime strike roles. In addition, IL-76, AN-32 and helicopters carried out air logistics, communication and para drop operations in the islands. Naval participation included a large number of ships and aircraft including amphibious ships and long range maritime patrol aircraft. As part of the exercise, special forces carried out a parachute drop from IAF transport aircraft. Multiple means of insertion of special forces, assault on landing beaches, carriage of under slung loads by helicopters into areas where helipads do not exist and slithering operations for induction of special troops on beaches were conducted.

A Tactical Exercise (TACEX) cum Amphibious Exercise involving units of Eastern Naval Command and Andaman and Nicobar Command was conducted in the Andaman Sea from October 10 to 16, 2007. The amphibious phase witnessed landing of Indian Army troops at Kamorta and Kardip by naval ships. AMPHEX 07, was a major tri service exercise undertaken to validate the Joint Amphibious Doctrine.

The Indian Army, Navy and the Air Force today jointly conducted the largest ever Amphibious Exercise codenamed "EXERCISE TROPEX-2009" at Madhavpur beach, Gujarat. The amphibious landing, the most complex of all military manoeuvres involving coordination and synergy from conceptualization to planning and final execution, was ably demonstrated on the shores of Madhavpur. The element of Coast Guard was also a part of this short, swift and intense conflict.

The pre-assault operations of planning, mobilization and embarkation having been achieved at Karwar, the Amphibious Task Force sailed from Karwar on February 05, 2009 and landed on the shores of Madhavpur today using the newly inducted Landing Platform Dock (LPD) INS Jalashwa, several Landing Ship Tank Large {LST(L)}, fleet ships with their integral helicopters, shore-based aircraft and submarines from the Indian Navy and Hovercraft of the Coast Guard. This is the first time the Joint Doctrine on Amphibious Warfare of the Indian Armed Forces which was formulated last year was put into practice with its full scope. As a precursor to the present operation, a tri-service landing operation, 'TRIVENI' was conducted at Lakshadweep Islands in early January this year.

Air support is critical to any amphibious operations since mortars and artilliary are not available abinitio on landing. HQ Southern Western Air Command deployed its Jaguars which carry a large array of weapons, flying at 200 feet pulled up and carried out rocket attacks with pin-point accuracy on simulated enemy targets. MiG 29 aircraft with its state of the art radar and ultra modern missiles carried out Combat Air Patrol over Madhopur to out-manoeuvre incoming enemy aircraft.

Tanks, Armoured Personnel Carriers and Infantry troops of 91 Infantry Brigade of the Sudarshan Chakra Corps were carried in both stand-off and hard beaching modes. Use of deployment of troops exploiting third dimension, i.e. airborne and heliborne formed an integral part of the exercise. AN-32 aircraft paradropped Para troopers from the skies followed by slithering operations by MI-8 helicopters to deploy troops at the assault area. Troops in waves emerged from the sea and carried out effective assaults on the beach of Madhavpur. The defensive layout depicting the enemy were from the Golden Katar Division of the Indian Army.

The exercise exhibited high level of coordination and synergy between the Armed Forces to carry out such swift and intense conflict during military operations. It also provided tremendous training value through the testing of human and material endurance, execution of organizational and logistics plans and finally delivering the punch in a mock battle.

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Page last modified: 09-07-2011 02:41:35 ZULU