Navio Polivalente Logístico (NAVPOL - Multipurpose Logistic Ship )
Portuguese Prime Minister António Costa announced plans 20 July 2019 for the local construction of a multipurpose logistics ship for the Portuguese Navy. Speaking at the naming ceremony of the Viana do Castelo-class offshore patrol vessel (OPV) NRP Sines (P363), he said the logistics ship will be built at the yards of privately owned shipbuilder West Sea-Estaleiros Navais. Six new OPVs are also planned for construction at the same yard, he said. Portugal currently operates three OPVs and a fourth is being completed. The two acquisitions projects will be inserted into first review of the country’s Military Programming Law 2015–2026, which is planned for release in late 2018, sources said.
The Navio Polivalente Logístico (NAVPOL - Multipurpose Logistic Ship ) is considered one of the "most important" in the restructuring of the Navy and use the collective capacity of the three branches of the armed forces, increasing significantly the ability of Portugal to operate anywhere in the world. It will be used in peace support operations and assistance to humanitarian disasters, with a complete hospital infrastructure. It will allow the transport of six Lynx helicopters and 22 light vehicles. With a length of 162 meters, the NAVPOL will have a range of 6,000 miles and a crew of 150 men and ability to embark a force of 650 Marines.
Portugal's search for an amphibious assault ship / multipurpose ship began many years ago. In the 1990s, with the Portuguese Navy's pretension to be equipped with an amphibious assault ship, Portugal was first offered a second-hand by USN Newport class LST. Given the possibility of the Australian Navy passing its LST vessel "Tobruk" (derived from the Knights of the Round Table class), the Portuguese Navy expressed an interest in its acquisition in 1995, evensending a team of Officers to Sydney to inspect the general condition of the vessel in question. In 2000 contacts were still made with the Dutch shipyards of the Royal Schelde for construction of a similar ship to the " Rotterdam " of the Dutch Navy, but later were continued for lack of economic resources.
The Law of Programação Militar (LPM) 1998-2003 foresaw, in its Program of Maintenance of the Capacity of Force Projection [Projecção de Força], the acquisition of Navio Polivalente Logístico (NAVPOL - Multipurpose Logistic Ship). This was intended to contribute to the execution and fulfilment of the specific missions of the Portuguese Armed Forces and the Navy. The Navy had been studying, since 1997, the operational requirements and the features techniques that will be needed for this new naval capability, having already presented the document that for objective to enunciate the concept, the requirements of an operational nature, of performance and security, the technical requirements and the diverse aspects associates to the supply of the NAVPOL.
The main programs of naval re-equipament was associated with the capacity of force projection correspond to the acquisition of a logistic multipurpose ship (NPL) and to the re-equipamento of the marines. It will be endowed with organic landing boats that, jointly with the 4 6 helicopters of carrier, the amphibious small boats of assault and vehicles, constitute the means of making the movement ship-land-ship.
Summary of the main tasks: To participate in operations of bracket to the peace; To participate in operations of humanitarian bracket (including evacuations medical); To execute shares of naval presence; To participate in amphibious or joint operations, integrating national forces, multinationals or NATO, assuring and supporting its landing; To guarantee the sustainment of the disembarked forces, until the arrival of reinforcements, in case of continued operations; To effect the carriage of staff and material, with incidence in the reinforcement of the archipelagoes of the Azores; To carry, to disembark and to support, when involved units and national or foreign forces military in operations of bracket to the peace and humanitarians under the auspices of the ONU or OSCE.
The NAVPOL would collaborate in tasks in the scope of the multilateral cooperation, nominated with the forces of the Lusophone African countries (PALOP - Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa - Countries of Africa with Official Language of Portugese ); To effect operations of public interest, in the scope of the National Job of Civil Protection, appointedly in situations of public calamity; To consist as a platform against the illicit operations and against-terrorism, combat to the drug traffic and other acts in the sea, supporting forces of riflemen, divers and other branches and forces of security, if necessary; Act as ship-head of amphibious operational groups, in operations multinationals or NATO of small spread; Actuar as ship-head of the naval component of a joint group-task, or set-agreed, of limited scope (MCC).
As defined by Paulo Portas while Minister of Defense in 2003, the multi-purpose vessel logistics, considered the most important to the Portuguese military, was to be built exclusively by Shipyard de Viana do Castelo (ENVC). Under the original schedule, the construction of this type of ship would begin in 2008 at ENVC, to be delivered by 2010, which hardly happened.
Against all initial expectations, by 2008 the department admitted that the construction will not be exclusive of the company, public, Portuguese. It was being studied the possibility of ENVC could constitute a strategic partnership with an international shipyard for the execution of this contract. MINDEF was not very happy with the shipyard Viana do Castelo, because it delayed the construction of two patrol ships.
HDW began the basic design of the ship in February 2005 and was completed in April 2007. The apparently complex contract was awarded to HDW as the main contractor, with the project design subcontracted to Schelde, and building/outfitting contracted to ENVC. The project is an offset to the submarines HDW delivered to Portugal. Supposedly there's a signed contract with ENVC to license-build a Schelde Enforcer. This contract was awarded in April 2005, though actually starting it has apparently been delayed since then. The Government justified the delay in the review process with the parliamentary elections of 2009, the approval of the budget for 2010 and the stability and growth Programmes, which imposed new budgetary constraints and consequential amendments. ENVC does not list the project at all on its (rather informative) website.
By early 2009 one of the great choices of Paulo Portas, the Polyvalent Logistic Sship, building also on ENVC, seems to be "in water of cod", regardless of the project that have been completed, designed by German shipyards, as consideration for the purchase of submarines. And the Navy also there are doubts about the ability of shipyards in Viana to build complex NPL, taking into account the problems encountered with the simple NPO.
One of the most deeply rooted traditions in the Portuguese fishermen concerning the drudgery of codfish in the seas off Newfoundland and Greenland. Além dos êxitos e aventuras desse tipo de pesca, muitas tragédias ocorreram, muitas cargas e barcos ficaram nessas águas para sempre. Besides the achievements and adventures of this kind of fishing, many tragedies have occurred, many cargo ships and were in those waters forever. If the meaning of the phrase is anything to "get lost", "be without effect," do not come to fruition, "" get frustrated ", it seems reasonable to assume its origin in the fishing activity of the codfish.
The Defence Minister, Augusto Santos Silva, said the Government intended to review the calendar of military refit programs for which there were no further contracts signed, as they do not have 'significant impact in budgetary terms' until 2013. Retrofitting programs will continue, but without having significant impact budget until 2013 because financial and budgetary conditions of the country do not permit. «Recalendarização», he added, will focus on programs such as replacing light weapons, the acquisition of tactical vehicles, the formation of small capacity in light helicopters, the modernisation of transport aircraft C-130 and polyvalent logistic ship.
Four new LCMs are to be constructed as part of the LPD (NAVPOL) contract.
The award of the construction contract did not materialize. In 2011 the 19th Constitutional Government of Portugal suspended the project without advancing a date to be resumed. The suspension was due to lack of funds, and the project, had the military as the "most needed", come to be considered "long term."
The Chief of Staff of the Navy (CEMA) on 22 January 2019 defended that the proposed Military Programming Law is "balanced" and considered the acquisition of a Multi-purpose Logistic Vessel (NPL) as "extremely important" for the force system. Hearing in the parliamentary committee of National Defense, Admiral Mendes Calado considered that the proposal, which contemplates about 1,100 million euros in investments for the Navy by 2030, is "balanced and stabilized" the modernization of the means. The planned acquisition of a Multipurpose Logistic Vessel (NPL), amounting to 360 million euros, is "extremely important for the system of forces," said Admiral Mendes Calado, after questioned by the PSD about the need for this type of ship, "Very expensive", costing as many as six Ocean Patrol vessels. Mendes Calado admitted that the ship is expensive, but maintained that "it is cheap for the mission" that it can perform, when compared to other "friendly navy", and constitutes an "opportunity for the national industry" since it would be designed, designed and built in Portugal.
The PCP considered that the diploma "maintains previous traces in which the NATO priorities are clearly contemplated "communist deputy Jorge Machado said. "The Multipurpose Logistic Vessel is the most blatant example of a huge investment in equipment that does not have the meaning of National Defense" and raises "serious doubts" in the face of the current "resource limitation" framework, he said. Jorge Machado argued that the NPL serves "exclusively" for the projection of NATO forces and objectives "no matter how much the Navy and the Government say no."
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