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European Aircraft - Great War

A multitude of aircraft types were tested in combat in the war period 1914-18, and literally hundreds of prototypes of diferent designs were built and flown. These numbers become believable when one considers that the prototype of a fighter aircraft could be designed, constructed, and test flown within a period of a few weeks. Most did not enter production, and most designs that did enter "production" were only produced in small numbers. The rapid progress of performance rendered most designs obsolete within a year or two, and only a few designs were producted in large numbers or served for much of the duration of the war.

A guide the military aircraft of this era must avoid the Scylla of an excessive parsimony in selection focused on a few stars, and the Charybdis promiscuous inclusiveness that overwhelms with trivial detail.

Early Experimental

  • Clement Ader
  • Cornu helicopter


  • Pursuit Bomber
  • Ace-Motored Ace
  • Ago Fighting [German]
  • Agos
  • Albatros "CV" Fighter
  • Albatros D III
  • Albatros D V
  • A.R. [French]
  • Aviatik No. G.H.Q./4
  • Aviatiks
  • Avro
  • Blriot XI
  • Brguet 1
  • Christmas Strutless
  • DFW C V
  • De Havilland 2
  • De Havilland 4
  • D. H. 5 Pursuit
  • De Havilland No. 5
  • De Havilland 9
  • Dornier Rs III
  • Farman III
  • Farman F.60 "Goliath"
  • Fokker D VII
  • Fokker Dr I (1917)
  • Fokker E
  • Gallaudet E-L 2
  • Gallaudet E-L 2
  • Grahame-White Limousine
  • Halberstadt Fighter
  • Halberstadt-160 Mercedes
  • Hannoveraner
  • Hanriot-Dupont HD.1
  • Hansa-Brandenburg [DE]
  • Hansa-Brandenburg [AT]
  • Hispano-Suiza 300
  • Junkers F 13
  • Junkers J4
  • Lawson M. T. 2
  • Le Pere Fighter
  • L.V.G. Type C. V
  • Martinsyde Scout
  • Martinsyde Type
  • Morane-Saulnier type G
  • Morane-Saulnier type L
  • Morane-Saulnier type N/MS
  • Morane-Saulnier MS 35
  • Nieuport 17
  • O.E.C. Tvnes B and C
  • Pfalz D III / D III a
  • Roland Chaser D. II
  • Rumpler C.IV
  • S.E. 5 Fighter
  • S.E. 5180 Hispano-Suiza
  • SPAD S-VII
  • SPAD S-XIII
  • SPAD S.XX (Herbemont)
  • Short Machine
  • Sopwith Machine
  • Sopwith [British]
  • Sopwith "Camel"
  • Sopwith Triplane
  • T-4 Messenger
  • Thomas-Morse, S-6
  • Thomas-Morse, S-7
  • Thomas-Morse M-B-3
  • U.S.B.-l British Fighter
  • White Tri-Motor
  • Wittemann-Lewis Commercial


  • A.E.G.
  • A.V. Roe
  • Avro Twin Engine
  • Breguet
  • Caproni
  • Caproni Triplane CA-4
  • Caudron
  • Gotha G. IV
  • Handley-Page
  • Handley-Page O-400
  • Handley-Page 4-Motor
  • Lawson Aerial Transport
  • Letord
  • Morane-Saulnier
  • Tarrant "Tabor" Triplane
  • Voisin 4-Motor Triplane
  • Yickers "Vimy"
  • Zeppelin FriedrichsH
  • Zeppelin FriedrichsH Twin
  • Zeppelin Lizenz
  • Zeppelin-Staaken R.XV
  • Martin Cruising Bomber
  • Glenn L. Martin Bomber


  • Scout / Observation
  • Berckmans Speed Scout
  • Bristol 80 "LeRhone
  • Ordnance Engineering
  • Pfalz Scout 828 4 17-
  • Pomilio Reconnaissance
  • Spad Scout, Type S VII
  • S.V.A. Fighting Scout
  • Thomas-Morse, S-4C Scout
  • Thomas-Morse, S-4E Scout


  • Seaplane
  • Aeromarine Training
  • Aeromarine "T-50"
  • Ago Flying Boat [Austrian]
  • Boeimr Seaplane C-l-F
  • Burgess Speed Scout
  • Burgess Twin
  • F-5-L Navy Flying Boat
  • F.B.A. Flying Boat
  • Gallaudet D-4 Bomber
  • Lohner Flying Boat
  • Navy M-2 Baby Seaplane
  • Sundstedt-Hannevig
  • Thomas-Morse Type -S-5
  • Curtiss H-16-A Flying Boat
  • Curtiss HA Hydro
  • Curtiss Model HS-2-L
  • Curtiss Model MF
  • Curtiss NC-4 Transatlantic


  • Training
  • Aeromarine Training
  • Bellanca
  • Curtiss Model 18-B
  • Curtiss Model JN-4D
  • Curtiss "Oriole"
  • Curtiss Model 18-T Triplane
  • Martin K-1II
  • Packard
  • Standard E-l
  • Standard E-4 Mail
  • VE-7 Training


  • . . . I had been content to perish, falling on the foreman's ground,
    When the ranks are roll'd in vapour, and the winds are laid with sound.
    But the jingling of the guinea helps the hurt that Honor feels,
    And the nations do but murmur, snarling at each other's heels.

    For I dipt into the future, far as human eye could see,
    Saw the Vision of the world, and all the wonder that would be;
    Saw the heavens fill with commerce, argosies of magic sails,
    Pilots of the purple twilight, dropping down with costly bales;
    Heard the heavens fill with shouting, and there rain'd a ghastly dew
    From the nations' airy navies grappling in the central blue;
    Far along the world-wide whisper of the south-wind rushing warm,
    With the standards of the peoples plunging thro' the thunder-storm;
    Till the war-drum throbb'd no longer, and the battleflags were furl'd
    In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the World.


    "Locksley Hall"
    Alfred Lord Tennyson
    1842

    "Secretly the Central European Power had
    gathered his flying machines together,
    and now he threw them as a giant might fling
    a handful of ten thousand knives over the low country. ...
    From north and west and south the allied aeroplanes
    rose in response and swept down upon this sudden attack.
    So it was that war in the air began.
    Men rode upon the whirlwind that night
    and slew and fell like archangels.
    The sky rained heroes upon the astonished earth."


    The World Set Free: A Story of Mankind
    By Herbert George Wells
    1913












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    Page last modified: 16-02-2018 19:07:36 ZULU