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AMX 10 P

The AMX 10 P is the support and freight vehicle of the mechanized infantry units, and the tank carried squadrons of the combat regiments. This tracked amphibious armoured vehicle transports a group of 9 men in addition to the driver and gunner under turret. It has a great autonomy and an excellent terrestrial and water mobility which allow it, in particular, to cross by its own means a flooded cut. Its armament enables it to intervene effectively against light armoured tanks and low flying aircraft. Protected against weapons from average gauge and the shrapnel of artillery shell, it can fight in contaminated atmosphere. The crew of 2 men (1 conductor and 1 gunner) remain on board after the unloading of a group whose leader also serves as commander of the vehicle.

The AMX-10P ICV weighs approximately 14 tons. It holds 11 men, as follows: a driver forward on the left side, in the driving compartment, which connects with the trooper compartment; gunner and commander in the turret; eight Infantrymen in the trooper compartment. A large electrically-operated door at the rear of the vehicle swings down and forms a ramp used by the troopers to mount and dismount, as well as for loading and offloading supplies. Two small exits are built Into the rear door for crew egress under combat conditions. In addition, there are two hatches in the roof of the trooper compartment.

With the aid of observation periscopes (three at the driver's position, seven in the turret, seven In the trooper compartment), crew members and troopers can observe In all directions, which Improves capability to deliver aimed fire from onboard armament and personal weapons, as well as Improving troop dismounting capability. Troopers can deliver fire from their personal weapons through ports in the small rear doors. In addition, troopers can fire through the roof hatches.

AMX-10P ICV armament consists of a 20 mm automatic gun and coaxial 7.62 mm machinegun which, in the opinion of foreign experts, provides capability to engage light combat vehicles at ranges up to 1,000 meters, as well as air targets. The hull of the AMX-10P ICV is of welded aluminum alloy plates, while the turret is cast. The thickness and slope of the armor plates provide protection against heavy caliber machinegun fire. An air filtering and ventilation system provides protection against nuclear, chemical, and bacteriological weapons.

Maximum speed of the AMX-10P is 65 km/h. It can swim across water obstacles with the aid of water jets and its tracks. Low ground pressure (0.53 kg/cm^) Indicates the vehicle's excellent capability to negotiate poor-traction terrain (swamp, snow, sand).

France has developed a "family" of vehicles based on the AMX-10P. Some of them are tracked, while others are wheeled. All are amphibious and have a single engine transmission compartment; suspension is hydropneumatic, with variable clearance.

A French SNPE explosive reactive armor (ERA) kit and others are available for use on the AMX-10P. However, during dismounted troop movement, ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely; and ERA application is doubtful.

AMX-1OP tracked amphibious infantry fighting vehicles began to become operational in French armored and mechanized regiments of armored divisions in 1973. They replaced obsolete AMX-VTT M56 tracked APC's. Over 800 such IFV's were delivered to the French Army. A welded hull of aluminum alloy provides protection against bullets and fragments of artillery rounds. There is a hinged ramp with electric drive in the rear of the vehicle for the mounting and dismounting of an assault force. There are two hatches on the hull roof plate. An M693 20-mm automatic gun and coaxial 7.62-mm machinegun are mounted on the two-place cast turret on the right. A dual gun ammunition feed system permits the gunner to conduct fire with fragmentation-HE or armor-piercing rounds with an effective range of 1,500m. The gun's maximum range of fire is 700 rounds per minute. Training angles are from -8 to +50.

The mounted assault force can conduct small arms firethrough open hatches on the hull roof plate and through two ports in the ramp. There are no side firing ports. Two Milan ATGM launchers with ten missiles stored inthe vehicle hull are installed on some AMX-10P's.

The engine and transmission compartment is located inthe front right part of the hull. The Hispano-Suiza HS115 V-8 liquid-cooled multifuel diesel engine is made in a single block with the hydromechanical transmission, which has four gears forward and one in reverse. Fuel tank capacity is 530 liters. Vehicle suspension is torsion-bar with hydraulic shock absorbers on the first and fifth road wheels. The tracks are metal with rubber-metal linking and removable rubber pads. The IFV moves afloat by churning the tracks or using water jets at aspeed up to 7.2 km/hr.

The AMX-10P was the basis for creating an entire family of vehicles for various purposes. Among them is the AMX-10PC command and staff vehicle (crew of six and various communications equipment), the AMX-10 ECH recovery vehicle (crane with 6 ton hoisting capacity), and the AMX-10 SAO forward artillery observer vehicle (Atila fire control system and set of navigation equipment), HOT ATGM SP launcher (basic load 18 missiles), 15SP 120-mm mortar (60 mortar rounds), and AMX-10PAC 90 fire support vehicle (90-mm gun, basic load 30rounds).

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Page last modified: 28-04-2019 18:50:08 ZULU