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KN-06 Surface to Air Missile

Some observers suggested that the KN-06 was related to Iran's continuing work in producing their own domestic S-300 variant. The South Korean Defense Ministry said 31 December 2013 it would refer to a recently unveiled North Korean surface-to-air missile as the “KN-06”. The ministry said that it also included a picture of the missile in this year’s defense white paper. North Korea unveiled the ground-to-air missile --- along with a cylindrical launching pad and a missile launcher equipped with phased array radar --- during a military parade to mark the 65th anniversary of the founding of the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea.

The Defense Agency for Technology and Quality in Seoul said in a report that the North’s new missile is similar to Russia’s S-300 missile and China’s FT-2000 missile. The antiaircraft missiles displayed at the paradar to mark the 65th anniversary of the North Korean Workers` Party on 10 October 2010 were clones of Chinese FT-2000 missile system, though they have the appearance of the up-to-date Russian S-300. It is highly likely that Chinese or Russian technicians participated in developing these missiles.

The availabe imagery shows a TEL with 3 launcher tubes, which could mean that the missile is larger than S-300's 5V55 or 48N6. But the tubes of those TEL's are shorter than S-300 launcher tubes. If the DPRK managed to made something like or at least integrate the Russian 5N63 Tombstone fire control radar with their missile, it would be a great advancement. North Korea's test launch of a KN-06 surface-to-air missile into the West Sea in June 2011 appeared to have been successful, South Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin said at a hearing by the National Assembly's Defense Committee 14 June 2011. "We believe North Korea was testing its latest weapon system and we have concluded that it was a success," Kim said, offering the first such confirmation of the test launch.

The KN-06 is stored in a launching tube and fired vertically toward a flying target. It is similar to the Russian S-300, which is used to shoot down other missiles, and seems to be based on technology that North Korea secretly obtained from China, Russia and other countries. Showing its evolution from the S-300, which had a range of between 75 km and 90 km, the KN-06 is apparently capable of hitting targets up to 150 km away. Each launcher truck can hold two to three missiles. North Korea developed its latest weapon after it encountered difficulties in acquiring new fighter jets from China and other countries.

The exact date of the tests of the new anti-aircraft missile system in the DPRK is unknown. Apparently, they took place on May 27 in the course of work on the development of the Pyongae-5 (Molniya-5) air defense system, whose launchers have already been shown on parades in Pyongyang for several years. According to some reports, the development of the complex had been carried out since the beginning of the 2010s.

Kim Jong Un, who was present at the command post of the testing range, did not fail to note that soon this system will cover his possessions "like a forest", in order to dispel illusions of enemies about their superiority in military aviation. This is indeed the case, and the backwardness of North Korea in the Air Force in the foreseeable future, given the wear and tear of its aircraft and the lack of prospects for replenishing the fleet of combat aircraft, promises to be catastrophic. Therefore, the desire to patch holes in the sky by perfecting anti-aircraft missile systems - the course for the DPRK, based on its capabilities, is correct. The missile industry in Pyongyang, unlike any significant aviation one, is available, there is also a multidisciplinary human resource potential.

Pyongyang flashed "Lightning"As for the long-range Phenggee-5 long-range air defense missile (the western designation KN-06), despite the ceremonial displays, this system is still unready, as Kim Jong-no's remark indicates, that compared to 2016, the opportunities improved on detection, prosecution and destruction of the object, the percentage of hit in the target increased. " The penultimate (and, possibly, the first more or less successful) test launches of the missile of this complex took place last spring. Perhaps the Phengge-5 SAM is already in operation in the troops, for example, as part of one of the anti-aircraft missile brigades of the First Air Command of the DPRK Air Force, covering, in particular, Pyongyang, Sunchon and Cacheon.

The KN-05 represents the North Korean analog of the Chinese HQ-9 anti-aircraft missile system (in the export version - FD-2000), created on the basis of elements Soviet anti-aircraft missile system of the S-300PM family. According to some reports, the HQ-9 missile complex, in contrast to the S-300PM missile, has not a semi-active but a passive radar homing head, that is, it is aimed at air targets by their radar radiation - say, American E-3 and E -2. Chinese technology could be obtained by North Korea through Iran. Two-container or three-container launcher and radar facilities of the complex "Phengae-5" are located on the extended chassis of the modified national economy vehicle "Tebaksan-96"

The developers of the "Phengge-5" are able to achieve an estimated range of 100-150 kilometers in aerodynamic targets (3-4 times less for ballistic missiles), with a defeat height of up to 20-25 kilometers and a range parameter of 25-30 kilometers.

For the time being, the basis of the anti-aircraft missile component of the DPRK's air defense system is composed of antiaircraft systems previously obtained from the USSR and the PRC. These are semi-stationary S-125 short-range SAM systems, medium-range S-75 missiles (plus their Chinese counterparts HQ-2 ) and stationary long-range S-200 SAMs.

KN-06 Surface to Air Missile KN-06 Surface to Air Missile KN-06 Surface to Air Missile KN-06 Surface to Air Missile KN-06 Surface to Air Missile


Voice of America Korean service reported 30 March 2012 that "North Korea KN-01 and KN-02 surface-to-surface missile jidaeham missile having followed the development, the new KN-05, KN-06 surface-to-air missile being developed constantly been known to improve performance."

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Page last modified: 09-02-2018 18:49:53 ZULU