The Largest Security-Cleared Career Network for Defense and Intelligence Jobs - JOIN NOW



The FD-2000 regional anti-aircraft missile brigade equipment can be divided into command and control, fire control, logistics support three units. Among them, the "command and control unit" consists of a certain type of brigade-level command and control center and the HK-JM2 Miwave battlefield control and alert radar assigned to the brigade command post, similar to the S-400 assigned to the 91N6 type battle tube radar at the regiment level. The "firepower control unit" consists of each battalion launch control center and guidance station, each battalion is equipped with a HT-233 fire control radar plus four four-mounted high-mobility missile launchers, responsible for near-range search, target calibration and guided missile strike targets. The brigade is generally composed of four to six battalions (4 battalions, 6 battalions, fully formed) and is equipped with a total of 24 launch vehicles and 96 missiles to be launched. The entire air defense system has a fairly powerful multi-target combat and anti-saturation strike capability.

The FD-2000's main coverage is about 125 kilometers of theoretical intercept at about 5 times the speed of sound when it strikes tactical aircraft targets, with a maximum flight speed of about 5 times, but does not have the capability to intercept surface-to-surface tactical missiles. This technical performance is about equivalent to the level of HQ-9A installed in the forefront of our army for a decade, which is significantly different from the Russian S-300PMU2, and about the level of the Russian S-300PMU1.

To increase the land air defense combat command, control node function, compared to FD-2000, FD-2000B optimized the command and control and information processing unit at the brigade level. Land-based air defense extremely rely on superior command post situation al-perceptive and air intelligence knowledge, relying on a brigade-level command module is difficult to deal with a large number of air information. The FD-2000B can provide wired or wireless access to superior chain combat automatic interception data. It can also take into account the air defense command post function, that is, a system of systems. It is enough to assume the organization and command operation of the lower intensity of the land air defense operations in one direction. To this end, the FD-2000B can also be integrated with the host country's existing ground guidance systems, such as TL-50 and DK-9, by the FD-2000B unified command of medium-range regional air defense and short-range air defense systems, so as to achieve multi-level fire integration in land air defense operations.

In 2020 the China Aerospace Science and Technology Group as the overall unit of the development of the FD-2000 surface-to-air missile system, following the successful export to Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and then successfully won the "big single" of the Moroccan army located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. At the same time, according to the network, compared to the export of the two Central Asian countries FD-2000 basic model, this export to North Africa is the improved FD-2000B.

In March 2020, the Moroccan army demonstrated in a generous manner the TL-50 ground guidance system (using DK-10 missiles and IBIS-200 radars) imported from China and developed by Luoyang Air Guides and Northern Industries, a ready-made technology using PL-12 air-to-air missiles, limited improvements and a cost-effective medium-range regional anti-aircraft missile.

the Moroccan army's TL-50 air defense system

In addition, the Moroccan army has previously imported six companies of domestic DK-9 short-range air defense system, using a domestic 35 mm anti-aircraft gun / AHEAD PL-9C air-to-air combat surface-based combination into a missile-to-gun system design.

the DK-9 short-range air defense system of the Moroccan army.

After china-made short-range air defense system, medium-range regional air defense system for full testing and use, the Moroccan army feel quite satisfied, while the TL-50 air defense system is after all an "economically applicable", the defense radius and multi-target combat capability are slightly inadequate. In this case, the Moroccan army decided to "go further" and procure the FD-2000B long-range regional air defense system, which has a wider range of intercepts and greater operational capabilities, which in a sense is what it should be.

the technical performance of the FD-2000B anti-aircraft missile system was now ready to "go far to North Africa", with the system structure of the complete system operational performance was in line with the tactical needs of the Moroccan army.

According to Chinese analysis, the FD-2000B is currently the most advanced performance, integrated combat capability of the strongest long-range regional air defense system. The overall combat capability is similar to the Russian army S-300PMU2 equivalent, and some performance may be very close to the Russian army's latest S-400 anti-aircraft missile system from the point of view of technological advancement and overall cost-effectiveness.


The FT-2000 surface-to-air anti-radiation missile is the first large surface-to-air anti-radiation missile in the world. It is said to be based on a marriage of the SA-10 and the US Patriot track-via-missile seeker. While the association of the HQ-9 and the FT-2000 remains unclear, the two programs appear to share remarkably similar development histories, and the FT-2000 capabilities are consistent with the employment of the HQ-9 missile without the evidently problematic tracking radar. Its broadband passive radar target seeker can detect the electromagnetic emmanations from the adversary early warning and electronic jamming planes and shoot them down by tracing signals. Since the missile has a passive homing system which does not transmit electromagnetic waves, the possibility of being discovered by the enemy is greatly minimized. Its 12-100 kilometer slant range also ensures that it can strike at long range. The FT-2000 has become the focus of attention in Taiwan, given the concern that this missile will pose a serious threat to Taiwan's US-made E-2T early warning planes.

The missile associated with the FT-2000 is probably similar to the HQ-9 in size but may be somewhat slower. Its maximum range reportedly is about 100 km, with a maximum altitude of approximately 20 km. A complete FT-2000 battalion probably would consist of a command platoon and three batteries. Sales brochure acquired at Farnborough dubbed the FT-2000 an "AWACS killer." The FT-2000 could be deployed as a stand-alone air defense system or deployed as part of another system. Although Beijing has stated publicly that the FT-2000 will be available for foreign export around the year 2001, it is more likely that it will not be available until the second half of the decade. If a foreign customer cannot be found, development could take longer or not occur at all.

Join the mailing list

Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:08:38 ZULU