Monolithic Ideological System
Kim Il Sung formulated what is known as the Monolithic Ideological System, which encompassed the thought of self-reliance in ideological stance, independence in political work, self-sustenance in economic endeavors, and self-defense in military affairs. The idea is also known as Kim Il Sung Thought. In May 1967 the 15th session of the Korean Worker's Party Central Committee Meeting adopted the thesis "Establishing the Party's Monolithic Ideological System." The Fifth Party Congress in 1970 proclaimed the transformation of Juche Ideology into Monolithic Ideology. And the "Ten Principles in Establishing Party's Monolithic Ideological System" aka "Ten Principles for the Establishment of One Ideology" [authored by Kim Jong Il] was announced on 14 April 1974 [ie, the day before Kim Il-Sung's birthday]. Kim Jong Il also authored "Let Us Establish More Firmly the Monolithic Ideological System in the Whole Party and Society".
Kim Jong Il's "The Workers' Party of Korea is the Party of the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung" (October 2, 1995) notes that "The monolithic ideological system of the party is the leader's ideological system and his leadership system. Establishing the monolithic ideological system is the basic way to build theparty as the leader's party. Only when the monolith of ideology and leadership is ensured through the establishment of the leader's ideo-logical system and his leadership system is it possible to achieve the ideological unity and organizational cohesion of the party ranks and make the party play its role satisfactorily as apolitical leadership body.... Our Party's struggle to establish the monolithic ideological system has been a struggle toequip Party members thoroughly with the leader's ideas and unite them firmly behind the leader in ideology and purpose; at the same time, it has been a struggle to overcome theheterogeneous ideas and factional elements which conflict with the leader's idea and guidance and disturb unity and cohesion."
Juche also is referred to as "the unitary ideology" or as "the monolithic ideology of the Party." It is inseparable from and, for all intents and purposes, synonymous with Kim Il Sung's leadership and was said to have been "created" or "fathered" by the great leader as an original "encyclopedic thought which provides a complete answer to any question that arises in the struggle for national liberation and class emancipation, in the building of socialism and communism." Chuch'e is viewed as the embodiment of revealed truth attesting to the wisdom of Kim's leadership as exemplified in countless speeches and "on-the-spot guidance."
As defined by Kim Il Sung, juche is a quasi-mystical concept in which the collective will of the people is distilled into a supreme leader whose every act exemplifies the State and society's needs. Opposition to such a leader, or to the rules, regulations, and goals established by his regime is thus in itself opposition to the national interest. The regime therefore claims a social interest in identifying and isolating all opposition.
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