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Wuhan

Wuhan is the provincial capital of Hubei Province and the fifth largest city in China. Its name comes from the three towns of Wuhan Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang. The Triple Cities of China's Heartland are known as Wuhan. Wuchang and Hankow are known to Westerners as the Twin Cities of China, comparable to Saint Paul and Minneapolis of the United States. Hanyang. the third city of the Triple Cities is not so well known. Wuchang was the political, educational and cultural center; Hankou was the transportation hub and commerce and trade center; and Hanyang was the cradle of Chinas modern industry. Nowadays, despite the administrative divisions having been changed, the major functions of each area basically remain the same.

Wuhan is known as one of the three furnaces of China due to its extreme summer heat; the winters can be cold and wet so it is best visit the city during spring or autumn. Visitors between March and April, make sure to visit Wuhan University to enjoy the cherry blossoms on its campus. The Wuhan Bund refers to the banks of the Yangtze River and Hanjiang River. Divided into four sections, including Hankou Bund, Wuchang Bund, Hanyang Bund and Hanjiang Bund, the Wuhan Bund extends for 26 kilometers (16.16 miles), with 100-300 meters in width and covering 1.8 million square meters.

The gateway to the Three Gorges Dam and located at the confluence of the Han and Yangtze rivers, Wuhan has the largest inland port in China. Located in central Wuhan, the East Lake scenic area is the largest scenic area in the city. Covering an area of 33 square kilometers, five times bigger than that of the West Lake in Hangzhou, the lake is the country's largest urban lake. The whole park is divided into six areas: the Tingtao Area, the Moshan Area, the Luoyan Area, the Baima Area, the Luohong and the Chuidi Area, each of which has its own unique features. The park is an ideal place to enjoy flower blossoms: Orchids in spring, lotus flowers in summer, osmanthuses in autumn and plum flowers in winter.

The sprawling metropolis sits on a low-lying area prone to flooding. In 2016, torrential downpours caused metro stations and roads to flood, killing 14 people and causing damages worth $263 million. The city was again left underwater in June 2019, prompting the government to issue a red alert, and delaying the citys high school entrance exam for the first time in over a decade. Despite expensive flooding defenses, and a nationwide sponge city initiative that involves replacing impervious surfaces with features that soak up rain water to reduce the impact of the annual rainy season, Wuhan remains susceptible to frequent disasters.

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Wuhan is often called the Detroit of China. The city produces about two million passenger vehicles a year, and its factories export hundreds of millions of parts and sub-assemblies to hundreds of huge original equipment auto and commercial vehicle assembly plants across the globe. Wuhan signifies the three cities of Wuchang, Hankow, and Hanyang. This point was the the pivot of the railway systems of China proper, and become an important commercial metropolis in the country.

Wuhan has become the most affluent provincial capital among Chinas six central provinces. The city is now the economic, financial, trading, science, and information exchange hub of central China. The city is also an education center in the region with 85 higher educational institutions, including Wuhan University and Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Wuhan is a major national logistics hub in Central China it has an established railway network, roads and expressways that connect the north-south and east-west traffic arteries (four trunk railway lines and six national expressways) and links the rivers with the sea. The Wuhan Tianhe International Airport connects Wuhan with major world cities, offering regular domestic and international flights. Historically, Wuhan has been one of Chinas most important inland river harbors, its role in domestic transportation lending it the title of Chicago of China.

Located at the confluence of the Yangtze and Han rivers in the eastern Jianghan plain, it occupies an area of 3279 square miles. Wuhan is renowned in China as the Riverside City or Water City for its many lakes and pools, along with two main rivers, covering a total water area of 844.4 square miles. Present day Wuhan has a total population of 10.34 million people living across 13 districts. In 2014, Wuhan had a GDP of US $153.14 billion (RMB 10006.9 billion) at a year on year growth of 9.7 percent ranking it eighth among mainland cities based on GDP. The same year saw Wuhans per capita income reach US $14,904 (RMB 98,000), imports US $12,638 million, and exports amount to US $13,791 million.

It is also important to understand the importance of the city of Wuhan to China's national defense and military industry. Naval warfare is different from land warfare. On the land battlefield, the Army can use the terrain to mobilize the masses, perform guerrilla warfare and mobile warfare to deal with powerful enemies, so that in the end, "swords are not as good as humans". But naval battles are different. There is no place on the sea and no people. If the equipment is not as good as people, they cannot fight the enemy in the ocean. They can only retreat to near shore defense. Therefore, the development and manufacturing of naval weapons and equipment has become a top priority for the navy of all countries.

In 2018, netizens accidentally noticed that the super electromagnetic gun, which had been installed on a warship for testing, was discovered in Wuhan. The shipyard responsible for the construction of this project is the Wuchang Shipyard of Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group Co., Ltd. In addition to the electromagnetic gun project, some of the main marine surveillance ships of China Marine Surveillance Cruise Diaoyu Islands (such as "China Marine Surveillance 50") are also products of Wuhan. For a long time, the 10,000-ton marine surveillance ship was the law enforcement ship with the largest tonnage and the most advanced performance in China Marine Surveillance. Some conventionally powered submarines and some minesweepers and frigates of the Chinese Navy are built here. In recent years, military frigates and patrol vessels exported by China to some friendly countries have also been built here.

The Naval University of Engineering is a pioneer in the field of Chinas naval scientific research equipment. It was founded in November 1949 and was listed as a national key university in 1963. So far, it has trained nearly 100 generals of the Republic and 5 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. The famous one is Academician Ma Weiming. As a specialized command and technical personnel training unit of the Navy, the Naval University of Engineering, in addition to cultivating technical personnel, is also responsible for many R&D projects of major cutting-edge technical engineering, such as electromagnetic ejection technology for aircraft carriers, and electromagnetic propulsion for submarines. Steady progress here.

The number of colleges and universities in Wuhan (89) is second only to Beijing, and the number of college students is the largest in the world. Therefore, there are a lot of scientific research institutes here, especially military-industrial scientific research institutes. Almost no one knows about it. The "Cement Aircraft Carrier" platform is located in Wuhan, which belongs to the "China Ship Design and Research Center". The actual use is the main test of various electronic equipment that will be used in aircraft carriers. It is also a "weathervane" for Chinese and foreign observers to speculate on the changes in Chinese naval equipment. In 2011, after the "cement aircraft carrier" attracted worldwide attention, a reporter from "Xinhua News Agency-Liaowang Oriental Weekly" called the China Ship Design and Research Center to inquire about the situation, but was declined on the grounds of "confidentiality".

"China Ship Design and Research Center" is the "701" Research Institute often mentioned by some senior military fans. It is the unit that focuses on the overall design of Chinese ships. The design schemes of the main battleships we are seeing are closely related to it. . The National Defense Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Compatibility and Acoustic Stealth Technology is also here. Without 701 Research Institute, there would be no military capacity of the Chinese Navy today.

After reading 701, lets take a look at 709. The 709 Institute was founded in 1956 by the famous mathematician Professor Li Guoping. It was originally called the Wuhan Mathematical Computing Laboratory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is currently mainly engaged in command and control systems, computers, The importance of research and development in the fields of graphics and image processing, automatic control, microelectronics, mechatronics, etc., is of course self-evident in the era of information warfare.

There are four "7-head Institutes" like 701 and 709 in Wuhan. They are the 712 Institute, which focuses on the development of marine electric propulsion systems and equipment, and special batteries, and the 719 Institute, which focuses on marine engineering technology and equipment. The 717 Research Institute focuses on the research and development of engineering optics, laser technology, infrared technology and large-scale special optoelectronic systems, and the 722 Research Institute focuses on military network communications and ship communications.

These "7-head Institutes" in Wuhan can be said to contain the most advanced marine/ship science and technology in China and the world today. They are vital for winning future naval battles and seizing the commanding heights of marine technology. Of course, in addition to the 7 prefixes of the ship system, Wuhan's scientific research institutes also have many, for example, research institutions under China Aerospace Sanjiang Corporation. When passing by some streets in Wuhan, visitors can often see several large scientific research institutions along the way.




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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:08:36 ZULU