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Feng Ying (Wind Shadow) / Wing-Loong 10 / Pterosaur-10 - Lethal UAS

UAV Evolution Chengdu Institute of Aviation Industry/Chengfei has developed and produced the Pterosaur series of inspection and combat drones that have become Xiangmo. In this family, Pterosaur 1 and Pterosaur 2 are the most familiar, and the latest is the Pterosaur 10. One picture shows that the engine nozzle at the tail of the pterosaur 10 is very concealed. It can be vaguely seen that there are actually 2 nozzles. What is particularly special is that this nozzle is not circular, but a binary with infrared invisible. There is also a deceleration parachute above the nozzle and engine nozzle. All evidence shows that this Pterosaur 10 is actually the Chengfei "Fengying" UAV that was exposed in the previous two years.

Unlike the Wind Shadow, the export-oriented Cloud Shadow is equipped with a single WP-11C turbojet engine. Wind Shadow UAV for domestic use is powered by 2 WS500 turbofan engines, compared to Shadow's Cloud WP-11C turbojet engine, less fuel consumption can be expected. The two 500kg thrust engines Powering Wind Shadow UAV can be replaced by a 1000kg series thrust engines under development. A 1000kg thrust turbofan engine developed by CASIC 3rd Academy 31st Insti completed 1st flight test on 27 October 2017.

"Yunying" uses a single-engine turbojet 11 engine, while "Fengying" uses two small turbofan engines with halved thrust. The safety and fuel-saving performance of flying at sea are all due to "Yunying", according to "Yunying". According to the data of "Yunying", it weighs more than 3 tons, slightly smaller than the 4.2-ton Pterosaur 2, but its flight speed (620 km/h) and altitude (14,000 meters) far exceed those of Pterosaur 1 and Pterosaur 2. Carry 400 kg of weapons and ammunition, or perform reconnaissance, electronic countermeasures and other tasks.

Military observers noted that the Wing Loong-10 is another nomenclature for the Cloud Shadow drone, which was also produced by the Chengdu aircraft company. They also found that the CCTV report used video clips of the Cloud Shadow when introducing the Wing Loong-10. The Cloud Shadow is a high-altitude high-speed multifunction drone installed with a high-end turbojet engine. It can conduct rapid and extensive intelligence gathering and long-distance precision land/sea attacks, AVIC said in a statement sent to the Global Times in 2017.

In addition to its striking resemblance to the Cloud Shadow, the Wing Loong-10 also seems to use a turbojet engine, while most other Wing Loong series drones use turboprop engines. The Wing Loong series and the Cloud Shadow drones are all available on the international market. This particular Wing Loong-10 built for typhoon detection purposes is likely still in its development phase, and more tests will also likely be conducted for its other functions, the Chinese expert said.

The Wing Loong-10, China's domestically developed large, high-altitude drone and latest entry in the famous Wing Loong series, successfully conducted its first typhoon detection test flight on 02 August 2020, when Typhoon Sinlaku hit South China's Hainan Province. China's independently-developed Wing Loong-10 UAV carried out this mission, which lasted 4 hours. During the flight, the UAV dropped 30 sondes, which conducted a stereoscopic scan of the outer cloud system together with the millimeter-wave radar. Then the ground control center received real-time data on the outer cloud system's conditions, including the temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind direction, wind speed, hydrometeor, etc.

It marked the success of China's first marine and typhoon integrated observation carried by a large UAV, also filling in a blank the country had in this field. Before this mission, the test team had conducted four observation tests in various meteorological environments, with different payloads carried by the UAV. Professionals also used multiple detection means, such as the Fengyun meteorological satellite and an unmanned ship, to realize the stereoscopic observation. Various numerical prediction results showed that typhoon forecasts can be improved by using observation data of aircraft dropsondes.

This large-scale weather detection drone successfully dropped 30 radiosondes and, together with millimeter-wave radar, carried out a "CT-style three-dimensional scan" of the cloud system outside Typhoon "Senrak". Groups of temperature, humidity, air pressure, hydrometeor and other observation data over the ocean and sea surface are transmitted back to the ground command system in real time. my country's first high-altitude large-scale UAV ocean and typhoon comprehensive observation experiment was a complete success, filling the gap in comprehensive ocean observation based on high-altitude large UAV.

Although China has improved its typhoon forecasting capability in recent years, a lack of offshore observation data has limited the research on the generation mechanisms of typhoons, and the improvement of forecasting techniques. The integrated marine and typhoon observation provided a reference for locating the center of Typhoon Sinlaku, and is of great significance to improve China's typhoon forecast accuracy, which is key to meteorological disaster prevention and reduction.

This is an important achievement of my country's high-altitude large-scale UAV marine comprehensive meteorological observation experiment (referred to as the "Haiyan Project"). The China Meteorological Administration launched the "Haiyan Project" in 2018. It selected the "Pterosaur-10" large-scale UAV to conduct tests with 12 units including Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group Co., Ltd. The Hainan Meteorological Bureau strengthened airspace coordination and provided strong meteorological guarantee for the smooth development of the test.

The Wing Loong-10 is a member of the China-developed Wing Loong UAV family with independent intellectual property rights. Judging from the published pictures, it uses a double vertical tail and a large wingspan design. The air intake is on the back of the aircraft. Although it is also a member of the "Pterosaur" family, it does not have a tail piston heavy fuel aviation engine (Pterosaur 1). Or a turboprop engine (Pterosaur 2) propeller, but a turbojet or turbofan engine. The size of the Pterosaur 10 is much smaller than the largest "Shanglong" in the Chengfei "Dragon" family of drones.

In 2018 the CMA initiated the project of the large UAV-based marine and typhoon integrated observation by using the Wing Loong-10 UAV, which was developed by the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). To meet requirements for the typhoon observation, the UAV developing team made adaptive improvements and conducted many tests, according to Zhang Zhijian, deputy designer of the Wing Loong-10 project of the AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd.

Built by Chengdu Aircraft Industrial (Group) Co Ltd under the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), the Wing Loong series drones are well-known for their military applications. The designation of the Wing Loong-10 was not immediately found in previous reports. According to an AVIC statement, the Wing Loong-10 can also conduct military operations including optical, electronic and armed reconnaissance.

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:08:41 ZULU