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Type 095 Sui Class SSN - Program

Since the mid-1990s, China's submarine technology efforts have made considrable progress. In addition to developing the Type 093, Beijing has a more advanced nuclear-powered attack submarines Type 095, possibly by 2020.

Teh nomenclatures is unclear, since the 2017 DOD China threat book stated "Over the next decade, China probably will construct a new variant of the SHANG class, the Type 093B guided-missile nuclear attack submarines (SSGN), which not only would improve the PLANs anti-surface warfare capability but might also provide it with a more clandestine land-attack option."

By 2005 China may have completed the design of Type 095 and initiated the first phase of construction. Some believe the hull of Type 095 had a Western rather than a Russian design like the Type 093, and that the underwater noise level of the boat has been greatly reduced. The Type 095 may also first the sophisticated HY-4 cruise missile with a range of 3,000km. If this type of missile carried a nuclear warhead, it can destroy up to 2km2 of any targeted area.

China may be planning to build at least five Type 095 submarines. The United States Intelligence community stated in August 2010 that China may commission up to five boats in the coming years. If the Type 095 can join its aircraft carrier battle group by 2020, its overall combat capabilities will easily exceed those of Type 093.

In November 2016, Western media reported that 09V nuclear submarines were launched in 2010 and were expected to be in service in 2016. Or there are some who claim that the first copy was launched at the end of 2014.

Jeffrey Lin and P.W. Singer reported June 23, 2016 at Popular Science Eastern Arsenal reported that " The Type 095 nuclear submarine... may be launched before 2020..."

Henri Kenhmann noted 05 September 2016 that "Satellite images dating from December 2015 and June 2016 allow to precisely locate the buildings under construction. This is a new area in the northeast of the current shipyard. The new covered dry dock building appears to be the first to be completed. It would obviously allow the simultaneous construction of 3 nuclear submarines, in complete discretion.... If this new final assembly line of nuclear submarines will be inaugurated in late 2017 or early 2018... knowing that the Type 09V project is being launched in 2012, one would expect to start construction for this class of submarines in 2017, First launch in 2023 and admission to active duty around 2025. And this date of 2017 corresponds perfectly to that of the inauguration of the new assembly line.... we can also imagine the parallel construction of the new SNLE Type 09VI as early as 2017 or 2018..."

Henri Kenhmann noted 12 April 2017 that "... satellite images dated 17 February 2017 also show that roads connecting the various buildings and workshops to the new BSIC production area are not all in place, and some buildings are still under construction.... the new nuclear submarine assembly line at the BSIC is not yet operational, and therefore the construction of the first Type 09V, or even the first Type 09VI SNLE, could not start here. But it should still start before the end of 2017, if our estimate is correct.... the first copy of Type 09V should be launched in the artificial basin ... around 2023 approximately, and its admission to active service by 2025." In candor, this schedule seems rather leisurely by American [and Chinese] standards

In the United States, the construction period for the first four boats "Virginia" (Block I) was 84 months. For the following six (Block II) - was 74 months. For eight submarines currently under construction in Block III a 66-month period. For submarines final block IV it would be reduced to 62 and then to 60 months. Each boat would typically spend about two years in the final assembly hall.

Earlier US Navy submarines (like the Los Angeles-class attack boats) were built by assembling the pressure hull, then installing equipment via cavities in the pressure hull. This required extensive construction in the narrow confines of the pressure hull, which was time-consuming and dangerous. The US Navy turned to modular construction to overcome these problems and make the construction process more efficient. Large segments of equipment are built outside the hull. These segments (called rafts) are then inserted into a hull section (a large segment of the pressure hull). The integrated raft and hull section form a module which is joined with a few other modules to form a submarine.

The layout of this new facility at Bohai is three assembly lines in parallel, with each assembly line long enough for two boats. Thus a total of half a dozen boats could be in assembly simultansously. Assuming a nominal assembly time of two years, this would result an annual production of two Type 095 nuclear attack submarines, and one Type 096 ballistic missile submarines. Such a large facility is inconsistent with most previously published estimates of Chinese force structure objectives, which anticipated not much more than a handful of boats of each class. It is improbably that this facility was built in anticipaton of only a couple of years of operations. And the American DDG-51 Arleigh Burke program demonstrated that it can be quite difficult to turn off a hot ship production line.




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