Type 83 122mm gun
Chinese Type 83 122 mm howitzer is Chinese army equipment developedin the early 1980s. It featured a new type of artillery, equipped with grenades, cluster bombs and remote bombs, range farther away. The expanded large triangular frame, ensuring shooting stability. The main purpose is to support the infantry, artillery and tanks, combat operations, repression and annihilation vivid force and firearms, destroying field fortifications, but also a variety of armored combat vehicles.
The NORINCO (China North Industries Corporation) 152 mm Type 83 gun is believed to now equip reserve artillery units. It uses a long 152 mm barrel, believed to be about 45 calibres long, on a much revised carriage and recoil system based on the NORINCO 152 mm gun-howitzer Type 66.
The Type 83-122 howitzer was developed on the basis of the development of "stand on the shoulders of others", through a short period development process. From 1979 project, for the appointment of architects, 1982 into the shooting range, finished the test. Finish in less than 3 years, type testing, time is very short. In 1979 this project was determined, and the gun factory of Taiyuan appointed a Chief Designer. The design was selected for completion in 1984, the 35th anniversary of national day military parade. After mass production and deployment, replacing 54 type and 54-1 type 122 mm howitzers, and export a certain number.
After being repeatedly named and criticized by senior leaders for the outdated artillery equipment, the People's Liberation Army, which can no longer afford to wait, finally stopped being so lofty this time and became more pragmatic. In 1979, the higher-level departments once again put the development of a new type of artillery on the agenda and handed over the development task to a certain Taiyuan arsenal. This time the development targets were greatly relaxed. Except for the rigid requirement of a maximum range of 15 kilometers, all other standards can be determined. Wide, with only one ultimate goal: to replace the 54 howitzer.
This time, the development team with Ma Fuqiu as the chief division, after summing up the failures and lessons of the previous few times, quickly came up with a mature and stable design plan. In the form of a large frame, the total weight increased to 2.7 tons. At the same time, in order to shorten the development time, part of the mature design schemes of the original sample guns are used.
Without radical requirements and without the interference of the Cultural Revolution, China had accumulated experience and lessons from the previous rounds of artillery trial production. The development of the new generation of howitzers is progressing rapidly. By 1983, the type test was conducted and it was officially named in 1984. Type 83 122mm howitzer. 35 years after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the first barrel artillery independently developed by China was finally born. In the military parade for the 35th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1984, the Type 83 122mm howitzer passed through Tiananmen Square as a real domestic equipment and was reviewed by the leaders of the country.
However, after the Type 83 howitzer was finalized, the troops were not equipped on a large scale. First, during the transition period of the national economy in the 1980s, the country was unable to reduce national defense expenditures and the PLA was unable to make a large number of replacements. Second, the development cycle of the Type 83 was too short. Although the main performance passed, it lacked reliability tests. There have even been problems with the automatic firing of the artillery, which led to the re-modification of the design; third, China acquired the Soviet D30 howitzer with better performance around 85 years ago.
After testing, it was found that its performance was better than the 83-type howitzer, so it abandoned the 83-type howitzer. The plan for the type of howitzer turned to imitate the D30 howitzer. In the late 1990s, with the improvement of the economy, the type 96 122mm howitzer based on the D30 was formally equipped with troops. To a certain extent, the emergence of the Type 83 122mm howitzer solved the embarrassing situation of China’s inability to develop a barrel artillery. It was a successful attempt. Unfortunately, the type 83 howitzer finally became the history of the development of Chinese artillery. The most meaningful but fleeting passing.
The 83-122 mm howitzers finally won the first prize of national scientific and technological progress. In 1985, the evaluation of national science and technology progress Award for the first time in China. Weapon industry's award-winning products are not too many, just two or three, the Grand Prize was the Type 69 tank. There was an Accreditation Committee-National Science and technology advancement Prize Committee, covering all departments. The Prize was a diploma and a gold medal. Medal is numbered and strictly intended, with a number corresponding to a person. Type 83 howitzer system was made up of 5 items, so there were 5 gold medals. The five projects were projectiles, powder, cartridges, fuses, then the overall design.
It was exported small country in Southeast Asia, such as Sri Lanka, probably exported more than 170 in all. Foreign customers to choose Type 83, which corresponds to the soviet D30, and the Soviet Union developed a wide range of exports. The D30 artillery was not suited to jungle and hills terrain, such as paddy fields, because of its three big frame suitable for Great Plains warfare, like Irant. But in southwestern China and Southeast Asia region, the D30 artillery does not fit at all.
After some regrets and helplessness, the road to the replacement of the second-generation medium-caliber artillery of the Chinese People's Liberation Army came to an end. The Type 83 122mm howitzer was not equipped in the PLA, and there are few pictures and little data retained.
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