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Type 15 Armored Recovery Vehicle

Type 15 Armored Recovery VehicleWith a new type of armored recovery vehicle demonstrating its capabilities in a recent exercise in the Karakoram Mountains, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) Xinjiang Military Command has received a powerful supportive tool that will greatly enhance its armored combat capability in plateau, experts said on 23 May 2022. A combined arms regiment affiliated with the PLA Xinjiang Military Command recently held a series of realistic combat rescue and recovery drills at an undisclosed training ground in the Karakoram Mountains at an elevation of 5,300 meters, during which the regiment for the first time deployed the new-type armored recovery vehicle, China Central Television (CCTV) reported on 22 May 2022.

The drills simulated a situation in which a Type 15 light tank was hit by a hostile anti-tank missile in its rear, disabling its engine, and that was when the armored recovery vehicle arrived at the scene and towed the damaged tank to a frontline repair position, CCTV reported.

Compared with its predecessor, the new armored recovery vehicle is equipped with a twin turbocharging device, giving its engine a significant power boost, leading to a much higher efficiency in completing its job, the report said. The new recovery vehicle has high mobility and is easy to operate, the report said, citing Su Kejiang, a soldier at the regiment. "It uses the same chassis as our new tank, and this also contributes to the coordinated combat as well as repairing and maintenance," Su said. The Type 15 light tank excels at plateau combat thanks to its powerful engine and light weight, to an extent that almost no other tank in the world can match its mobility in Southwest China's plateau region because of the lack of oxygen and complex terrain there, a military expert who requested anonymity told the Global Times.

Because of Type 15's high mobility, previous types of armored recovery vehicles might not be able to follow it, the expert said, adding that it is why a new type of recovery vehicle uses the same chassis as the Type 15, giving it similar capabilities. Supportive equipment like tank recovery vehicles is not any less important than main battle equipment like tanks, as they can provide sustained combat capabilities, the expert said. The new armored recovery vehicle is also equipped with a set of smoke launchers to increase its survivability, according to the CCTV report.

Armored recovery vehicle ( ARV ) refers to a vehicle that recovers and repairs damaged or lost armored vehicles on the battlefield. Most armored recovery vehicles are usually converted from tank chassis. Armored recovery vehicles converted from tanks are mainly used to repair tanks of the same weight, and armored combat vehicles (mostly armored personnel carriers ) are converted to repair vehicles of the same level.

Armored rescue vehicles or repair vehicles are tracked or wheeled armored vehicles equipped with special rescue equipment or repair tools. They are mainly used to rescue and tow tanks and armored vehicles that have slumped, battle wounds and technical failures to the front under field conditions. Repair station, fast repair or towed and evacuated, and can also be used to remove roadblocks and dig tank bunkers when necessary. It is usually transformed from the chassis of tanks or armored vehicles. This vehicle can be used for both rescue towing and basic repair tasks.

Most armored recovery vehicles are usually converted from tank chassis. Armored recovery vehicles converted from tanks are mainly used to repair tanks of the same weight, and armored combat vehicles (mostly armored personnel carriers) are converted to repair vehicles of the same level.

The world's first armored recovery vehicle appeared during World War II, using an abandoned tank to remove the turret and install a heavy boom, winch and maintenance tools. Later, due to the increasing demand on the battlefield, some arsenals produced new tank chassis, and designed special car shells that can match maintenance tools and special booms that can hoist tank engines. After World War II, many countries converted their main battle tanks into armored recovery vehicles, and added bulldozers, oil pumps, and even a backup engine.

Most of the armored rescue vehicles use the basic chassis of the corresponding tanks or armored vehicles, but only remove the turret and artillery and install rescue or traction and repair equipment. If a crane is installed in the original position of the turret, the crane can be rotated 360 and is mostly controlled by hydraulic pressure; a winch cabin is installed in the car body, equipped with steel ropes, and some are also equipped with auxiliary winches and hoisting winches, the latter used for hoisting Turret, engine, transmission and other components. There are also bulldozers and stable outriggers in the front or rear of the car; there are also lifting lugs, I-beams, rigid traction frames, shackles, etc. In addition to the rescue traction equipment , the rescue repair vehicle also has generators, electric welding machines, cutting machines and necessary repair tools and spare parts.

The winch of the armored rescue vehicle is the main component, and the pulling force of the winch is the main indicator to ensure the successful completion of the rescue mission. The pulling force should generally be more than 1 times the weight of the rescued tank. For example , the main winch pulling force of the BPz2 armored rescue vehicle is 343kN (35t), and the pulling force can be doubled after adding pulleys, that is, 686kN (70t). The total combat weight of the tank (Leopard 1) is about 40t; another example is the Spanish M-47E2R armored rescue vehicle with a winch pulling force of 343kN (35t), and the pulley is increased to 686kN (70t), while the full weight of the rescued M47 tank of about 44t.

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Page last modified: 02-06-2022 15:35:28 ZULU