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Jiangkai II Type 054A Frigate

It was reported in late 2005 that an improved version of the Type 054 frigate, the Type 054A (NATO codename Jiangkai II) was under construction at Huangpu Shipyard. The hull design of this class is similar to that of the 054 frigate . The firepower is much stronger than the 054 frigate. It is the first regional air defense frigate equipped for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy . Its pre-class 054 frigate was designed to avoid causing too much space for the Chinese naval shipbuilding force, and to verify the hull design in advance, as a basis for the subsequent design improvement of the ship.

The design of this class ship is simple and succinct, and the anti-aircraft/anti-ship/anti-submarine configuration is balanced, which is quite standard design. In terms of quantity, this class ship will become the backbone of China's new generation fleet. Its airworthiness and combat capability are superior to those of the Chinese naval force's Type 051 destroyer . Since its service, this class has actively participated in international voyage activities, Somalia. Anti-piracy, etc., has accumulated considerable ocean operating experience for the Chinese navy. The 054A was based on the same hull as the 054, but had updated sensors and more capable weapons. Most importantly, the Type 054A's medium-range HQ-16 VLS SAM system now provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50km, a considerable upgrade from the limited engagement angle, short range SAM system of the Type 054. The 4 AK-630 30mm AA guns of the Type 054 have also been replaced by 2 autonomous Type 730 CIWS which have improved reaction time for close-in anti-aircraft and anti-missile engagements. Like the Type 054, the Type 054A also incorporates many stealth features: sloped hull design; radar absorbent materials; and reduction of surface equipment and features.

The Type 054 (NATO codename: Jiangkai Class) is the new-generation multirole missile frigate for the PLA Navy. The ship was built in the improved Type 054A (Jiangkai-II class) variant, featuring an 32-cell air-defence missile VLS and Russian Top Plate 3D air search radar. The third hull Xuzhou (530) was launched on 30 September 2006 and it was commissioned in late 2007.

As of 2012 production of Jiangkai II-class ships continued, with Janes projecting an eventual total of 16. The basis for this projection is unknown. In 2009 the US Office of Naval Intelligence projected a slight decline in the total number of frigates in service with the PLAN over the period 2009 to 2020. Given the expected service life for the FFG Jianghu Type 053, a total of as many as 23 Jiangkai frigates would be required by 2020 to support the ONI projected frigate force level.

Like the previous Type 054 frigates , Guangzhou Huangpu Shipyard and Shanghai Hudong Shipyard continued to build 054A in alternating patterns, with the interlacing numbers interlaced. Since the two 527 and 528 have been occupied by two 053H3 frigates launched by Hudong and Huangpu in 2004, the 054A's side number jumped from 529. In the order of the 054 frigates, the Hudong Plant was responsible for the construction of the first (ship number 529) and the third ship (ship number 568) of the 054A, and the second (ship number 530) and the fourth (the ship number of the Huangpu plant). 570), and so on. In terms of progress, the 054A first ship (530) built by Huangpu Plant was the first ship of the same class. It was launched on September 30, 2006, and was officially named Xuzhou on October 30;

The construction of No. 054A (529) built by Hudong was launched on December 21, 2006 after the first ship of Huangpu. It was named Zhoushan (the original East China Sea Fleet had a 053H2 frigate 537 Zhoushan, in 2006 renamed Zhangzhou on December 30. Since both shipyards have used the dry dock to inject water into the water, there is no concern about the impact force when the traditional ship platform is launched. Therefore, the completion degree of the 054A when launching is quite high, and all weapons and electronic antennas have been installed. On January 3, 2008, the Zhoushan was the first to hold a naming ceremony. The Xuzhou was served on January 27, 2008. Both ships were deployed in the East China Sea Fleet. On March 18, 2007, the second 054A of Huangpu Plant was launched with a ship number of 570. It was officially named Huangshan in October 2007, and then entered the South China Sea Fleet service on May 13, 2008 . The second 054A built by the factory was launched on May 23 of the same year. On June 30, 2008, it was named Chaohu and joined the South China Sea.

Team service (July 22, 2011, Chaohu City was reduced from a prefecture-level city to a county-level city and lost the qualification to name the missile frigate . The original jurisdiction was merged into Hefei , Wuhu and Maanshan , respectively. The Chaohu is also in 2012. On February 28th, it was renamed Hengyang.) So far, the first four 054As have all become military.

DOD repoted in early 2013 that China had continued the construction of the workhorse JIANGKAI II-class FFG (Type 054A), with 12 ships then in the fleet and six or more in various stages of construction, and yet more expected. These new FFGs provide a significant upgrade to the PLA Navys area air defense capability, which will be critical as it expands operations into distant seas beyond the range of shore-based air defense.

The new guided-missile frigate Rizhao (Hull 598) joined a destroyer flotilla attached to the North China Sea Fleet of the PLA Navy on 12 January 2018, with the commissioning and naming ceremony held at a naval port in Dalian, north China's Liaoning province. Launched in April 2017, the 140-meter-long and 16-meter-wide frigate Rizhao, with a full displacement of over 4,000 tons, is developed and built by the Huangpu Wenchong Shipbuilding Company under China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC)..

Following the June 2018 delivery fo the 30th unit, East Pendulum wrote : "Although rumors speak of stopping the program to give way to his successor Type 054B, still designed by the CSIC Naval Group 701 Institute but of electric propulsion this time, but nothing says that additional copies are not not added to "fill the gap", in addition to those that are ordered for export by the Pakistani navy.".

China is reportedly building another batch of Type 054A frigates for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLA Navy) after the latest one to be commissioned, the Zaozhuang, joined military service in February 2019. After a two year gap in the production cadence, China launched two new ships of this class in early 2021, a move Chinese military observers said was aimed at rapidly expanding the country's naval fleet amid the need to boost its combat preparedness. Belgium-based news outlet Navy Recognition reported in March that the PLA Navy's 31st Type 054A frigate was about to be launched in the Huangpu Shipyard in Guangzhou, South China's Guangdong Province.

Jane's reported on 11 July 2021 that the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai recently launched the 32nd Type 054A frigate for the PLA Navy. The ship was under construction in the same dock as the third of Type 054A/P frigate for the Pakistan Navy, and the launch for both ships likely took place on 31 July 2021, the report said, citing a navigational warning issued by the Maritime Safety Administration of China which announced that two ships would be launched on that day, but did not specify the type.

These developments require some ad-hoc explanation, as the default assumption among Western observers had been that the pause in production had been the prelude to the launch of the first of the new series Type 054B Frigate [aka Type 057 Frigate]. The 054B missile frigate was the first large main surface ship of the Chinese Navy to carry out a design competition. It completed the comprehensive demonstration of the project in early 2012, and then began the design work. This may have ultimately contributed to the delay.

Chinese media reporting was fairly emphatic that the new units launched in 2021 were Type 054A rather than Type 054B Frigate or Type 057. Some of the pause was probably due to COVID-19, which emerged in January 2020 and resulted in country-wide lockdowns. And some of the pause may have been to accomodate the introducton of the four Type 054A/P units for Pakistan, which are built to a modified design. The launch of at least four [and probably five] units of this type in one year is a return to the blistering construction cadence of a decade earlier. Under what Global Times called the "current situation that forces the PLA to enhance its combat preparedness", the Type 4,300 ton 054A is a good choice to rapidly expand the PLA Navy's fleet also because of its lower cost compared with vastly larger warships like the 12,800 ton Type 055 Renhai destroyer / cruiser, and that it can be mass-produced faster. It might be imagined that the output of Type 054A units might continu for several years to come before a switchover is made to the timprove Type 054B. The Type 054A might continue through the entire 14th Five year Plan period 2921 through 2025, with the Type 054B emerging with the advent of the 15th Five year Plan in the year 2026.

The ship is not only equipped with advanced regional air defense missiles and long-range anti-ship missiles, but also has the advantages of long range, high reliability and easy mass production. Overall, the 054A frigate is a compact design with an air defense/anti-ship/anti-submarine configuration that is well-standard. In terms of quantity, the 054A will become the backbone of China's new generation fleet. Its airworthiness and combat capability are superior to those of the Chinese navy's main brigade destroyer. Since its service, the 054A has actively participated in voyage exercises, anti-piracy in Somalia, etc.

Mainly because of its excellent multi-purpose capabilities, thse ships have accumulated considerable experience in ocean operations for the Chinese Navy. Having a displacement of about 4,000 tons and capable of conducting anti-air, anti-ship and anti-submarine operations, the Type 054A frigate is a well-balanced warship capable of not only coastal but also far sea operations. It uses mature technologies that have been proven reliable.



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Page last modified: 06-09-2021 15:13:00 ZULU