Sansha-class traffic supply vessel
The builder of Sansha No. 2 and its predecessor Sansha No. 1 plans to work on a third transport vessel "to provide better service to personnel stationed on islands". Sansha means "city of three sands" in Chinese. Sansha City, Hainan Province, is one of the youngest prefecture-level cities in China. In July 2012, Sansha City was formally established. Located in the South China Sea, she is the southernmost prefecture-level city in China. It is under the jurisdiction of Xisha, Zhongsha, Nansha Islands and its sea areas. It is an important station on the Maritime Silk Road.
Sansha City used Qiong-1, Qiong-2 and Qiong-3 to resupply between Wenchang Qingyu Port and Yongxing Island.
The Sansha class vessels, which are not sister ships, are designed as a passenger rolling ship capable of carrying passengers, carrying ro-ro vehicles and container trailers. The overall performance, functional requirements and equipment configuration are advanced and reliable; the speed is high, the steering is flexible, and it has good stability, hull strength and seaworthiness, has a strong sea self-sustaining power. The captain is 122.3 meters long, 21 meters wide and has a draft depth of 5.4 meters. The displacement is 7,800 tons and the carrying capacity is 2,200 tons. The designed speed is 19 knots and the cruising capacity is 6000 nautical miles. It can carry 456 passengers and load 20 standard container vehicles to ensure safe navigation under 10 wind conditions.
The “Sansha No. 1” transportation supply ship was officially launched on 03 September 2014, and the 7800-ton ship was delivered at the end of December 2014. Xiaojie, secretary of the Sansha Municipal Party Committee and Mayor of Hainan Province, named this big ship that will undertake the important transportation supply task of Sansha City: “I solemnly named you “Sansha No.1” and sincerely wish you all rights, stability, protection and development. The sacred mission and the construction of the sovereign Sansha, the beautiful Sansha, the happy Sansha's "Sansha Dream" process, riding the wind and breaking the waves, sailing and sailing!" The red curtain hanging on the bow slowly opened, revealing "Sansha No.1" "4 white characters. Subsequently, Xiao Jie and Party Secretary of the Barge Group Wang Mingxin, the director of the Sansha Municipal People's Congress Standing Committee, Fu Wei, the Standing Committee of the Municipal Party Committee, the Political Commissar of the Security District, Liao Chaoyi, the Deputy Mayor Feng Wenhai, and the Deputy General Manager of the Heavy Industry, Sun Dongming, jointly pressed “Sansha 1 No. "Get off the water" to start the ball. “Sansha No.1” was officially launched into the water and entered the stage of equipment commissioning and interior decoration.
At the end of 2014, "Sansha No. 1" was officially put into use, and will go to the vast South China Sea to shoulder the sacred and glorious mission. In his speech, Fu Wei said that the "Sansha No. 1" will greatly enhance the maritime administrative control, transportation supply and comprehensive service support capabilities of Sansha City, and build a "sovereign Sansha" for safeguarding national sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, beautiful Sansha, Happy Sansha provides strong equipment support."
Since the official construction of Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. on December 25, 2013, the shipbuilding construction progressed smoothly, and all major nodes were implemented in advance or on schedule. Wang Mingxin said that the shipbuilders will continue to work hard and follow the “first-class construction”. The goal of “building a ship, creating first-class quality, and building a first-class brand” is to do a good job in the construction of the ship's follow-up projects to ensure the delivery of quality ships on time.
After the "Sansha No. 1" was put into operation, the time from Qingyan Port in Wenchang City to Sansha Yongxing Island was about 10 hours, which was more than five hours shorter than the current "Qiong 3". In addition, “Sansha No.1” also has a helicopter landing platform. The helicopter can not only hover, but also park for a long time, which is convenient for tasks such as sea rescue and island reef inspection.
In 2015 "Sansha No. 1" sailed 74 voyages, transported 43,000 people to and from the island, and transported 24,000 tons of materials, greatly improving the transportation supply and comprehensive service support capabilities of Sansha City. Solar power generation facilities cover the islands and reefs of residents, and medical, educational, cultural and other facilities are built one by one. The ecological protection has been strengthened, and the once ridiculous islands are now green, and the Sansha ecological environment is more beautiful and charming. Nowadays, Sansha City has opened Internet, WiFi, videophone, remote monitoring and other information systems in each of the islands, and is still in the "Sansha No.1", "Qionsha No.3" and "Comprehensive Law Enforcement No.1". A communication base station is installed on the large ship.
A new supply ship, the Sansha No 2, kicked off its maiden voyage at Qinglan Port in Wenchang City, South China’s Hainan Province, August 20, 2019, destined for Yongxing Island in the province’s Sansha City. The ship is 128 meters long and 20 meters wide, with a displacement of 8,000 metric tons, and a design draft of 5.7 meters. An update on the Sansha No 1 ship, it boasts a maximum speed of 22 knots, a range of 6,000 nautical miles, and seats for 400 passengers. The new ship can meet diverse requirements, including administrative acts, emergency response, and scientific research.
On July 12, the 8,000-ton traffic supply vessel built by Guangzhou Shipbuilding Group's Guangzhou Shipyard for Sansha City, Hainan Province was named “Sansha No. 2” by Deng Zhong, deputy secretary of Sansha Municipal Committee. Vice Mayor of Sansha City, Ma Wei, Secretary of the Party Committee of Guangzhou Shipyard International, Chairman of the Board of Directors Chen Zhongqian, Deputy General Manager Huang Qian and other leading guests attended the ceremony and witnessed the naming.
"Sansha No. 2" has a length of 128 meters, a width of 20.4 meters It combines functions of comprehensive transportation supply, administrative jurisdiction, emergency rescue command, emergency medical assistance, and scientific research on islands and reefs. It is a superior performance. A passenger boat with rich functions and comfortable interiors.
“Sansha 2” was started on December 26, 2017, and was docked on December 5, 2018. On April 2 this year, the terminal was docked for only 88 days. This construction cycle is for A passenger ship with complicated technology and difficult construction is very impressive.
Guangzhou Shipyard International and the project team held a mobilization meeting and signed a letter of responsibility with the leaders of various units to swear the node in the spirit of hard work. In the implementation of the whole project, practical measures were taken to ensure the following measures: First, timely feedback of materials information Efforts to ensure the progress of the construction; second, to refine the project plan to ensure that the workforce is in place; third, to carry forward the spirit of nailing, to focus on the key projects one by one; fourth, fully recognize the importance of strengthening information communication, the project team has set up multiple teams The special meeting will speed up the processing of the problem; fifth, the units will formulate corresponding effective measures for each difficulty.
The machine-installed course plans and summarizes the installation experience of the same type of shafting in advance, and takes less detours. The management personnel and the process shall take on-site marking and do a three-level inspection to ensure a pass rate. The electrification class increased labor input and reached a peak of 300 people when pulling cables. In front of the big node, the home decoration department actively coordinated the labor force's participation in the construction of the department, and made a "short and fast" assault battle. The Quality Department strengthened communication and coordination with shipowners' ship inspections and improved the pass rate of inspection. After the hard work of the participating units, the ship completed the main generator inspection on April 30, the main motor vehicle was realized on June 13, the tilt test was completed on June 21, and the sea trial was completed on July 1.
China is upgrading two of its civilian South China Sea supply ships with new high-tech surveillance equipment to help the vessels track ships from the United States, Vietnam, and other foreign countries, new Chinese government procurement documents show. This is just the latest instance of the Chinese government leveraging civilian assets to pursue its national security interests in the South China Sea, a common practice under China's strategy of "military-civil fusion." The contract for this project was awarded Thursday to Zhejiang Dali Science and Technology Co., Ltd. by Sansha City, which is responsible for administering China’s maritime and territorial claims in the contested South China Sea. Dali, which appears to also work with the Chinese military, is set to provide a pair of its “DLS-16T Long-Distance Optoelectronic Monitoring Systems” for use on the city’s two main supply ships — the Sansha 1 and Sansha 2 — for 3,830,000 yuan ($547,000). The Sansha 1 and Sansha 2 are mainly tasked with supplying Woody Island, which is China’s largest base in the Paracels and serves as the headquarters for Sansha City. Though the Paracels are claimed by Vietnam, China, and Taiwan, only the PRC occupies any features in the archipelago. But both vessels have also ventured down further south to the Spratlys, where China is locked in maritime and territorial disputes with Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Brunei. The Sansha 1 came into service in January 2015 and the Sansha 2 completed its maiden voyage in August 2019. This allowed the city’s older Qiongsh 3 supply ship to focus on supplying China’s settlements in the Crescent Group in the Paracels. State-owned CSSC Guangzhou Shipyard International, which built the Sansha 2, said that the 128-meter-long vessel would integrate “transportation and supply, administrative jurisdiction, emergency rescue command, emergency medical assistance, and island and reef scientific survey capabilities.” The company also stated that the Sansha 2 would “play an important role in defending the motherland’s southern gate” — which is how China sometimes refers to its claimed territory in the disputed South China Sea. Once they are outfitted with their new surveillance equipment, the Sansha 1 and Sansha 2 will be able to play an even greater role in asserting China’s claims. According to bidding documents reviewed by RFA, the DLS-16T Long-Distance Optoelectronic Monitoring Systems from Dali are intended to allow the supply ships to “carry out omnidirectional search, observation, surveillance, and video evidence collection against maritime and aerial targets” such as ships, overboard people, objects floating in the sea, and aircraft under all weather conditions, 24 hours a day. Sansha City was seeking a tracking system that would integrate visible light imaging, infrared thermal imaging, automatic target tracking, radar, fog penetration, image enhancement, the U.S.-run satellite navigation system GPS, the Chinese equivalent system BeiDou, and other capabilities, the bidding documents show. The software system for the tracking equipment is to be used to detect, identify, and track “sensitive ships” from countries like the United States, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Taiwan, as well as record and display this information in real-time, the documents say. Corporate documents from Dali indicate that the company works closely with state-owned Chinese defense contractors and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Dali will be obligated to complete its work on the Sansha 1 and Sansha 2 within three months of signing its contract with Sansha City, the bidding documents say.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|