UNITED24 - Make a charitable donation in support of Ukraine!

Military


Pan Jingfu

Pan JingfuAcademician Pan Jingfu, the former deputy director and deputy chief engineer of the CSIC No.701 Research Institute, is the chief designer of guided missile destroyers. He is known as the “father of China’s guided missile destroyers”, and was the chief designer and main designer of four types of guided missile destroyers. Since 1955, Pan Jingfu was working in the ship design department; from 1955 to 1991, he served as technician, deputy director, deputy chief engineer and researcher of the 701 Institute. As the chief designer, he combined domestic new technology with foreign advanced technology in developing new types of destroyers, successfully bridging the gap between China and the world and playing an important role in improving China’s maritime defense capability. He won one National Science Conference Award and three National Science Progress Awards.

Pan Jingfu, was born in Huzhou, Zhejiang Province in January 1930, was graduated from Electrical Machinery Department of Zhejiang University. From 1955 to 1991, he filled successively the posts of technician, deputy director and concurrently vice chief engineer, research fellow, etc.in 701 Research Institute. He was elected the academician of Engineering Academy of China in 1955.

Pan Jingfu is a well-known Chinese expert in the fields of warship design, and chief designer of one new type of warship. He has for a long time devoted himself to the improvement and development of the warships and the associated equipment for our country. Being an chief designer, he succeeded in designing three types of the first generation warships, which, with their supreme capability of performing the multiple missions at sea, are serving as the capital warships for the Chinese Navy. He was totally in charge of designing four types of warships for two generations, and each new design made technical breakthrough over the previous one.

The successful development of these warships fully reflected the capability and standard of China,s shipbuilding industry, and exerted an important influence at home and abroad. In the process of designing the second generation warships, he persisted in exploring technically advanced overall plan for warships, updating the designing concept, adopting systematic engineering philosophy, optimizing the design by integrating the platform with payload, seeking the organic coordination in the entire ship to achieve the excellent overall performances rather than a single advance area, thus making the overall performances of the second generation warships as advanced as those of the similar warships built by the world navies in 1990s.

Pan Jingfu did a lot of pioneering work in the fields of new technologies, such as ship's command, control, combat information system and electromagnetic compatibility. This work promoted the development of science and technology, and pushed the technical progress of China’s shipbuilding industry.

On the basis of extremely weak scientific research, he made a pioneering work, made the domestic destroyers into the international advanced ranks and promoted the development of naval equipment. He entered a field that is nearly blank in China, aiming at the most advanced level in the world.

In January 1930, Pan Jingfu was born in Huzhou, Zhejiang. After the outbreak of the war of resistance against Japan, Pan Chin Fu, seven years old, had to travel to Shanghai with his family in a small boat in order to avoid war. When it came to the Huangpu River, it was night. "I saw a piece of light, all the Japanese ships and foreign ships, without our own big ships and warships. At that time, though I was very young, I thought it would be great if I could build a warship when I grew up".

This becomes the starting point of his dream. In 1941, Pan Jingfu moved to Suzhou with his family to study in Suzhou high school. "When I arrived at the University in 1948, I could not see the way out of the ship design specialty at that time". Pan Jingfu could only put the dream on hold and chose the motor system with better prospects at the time. After graduating from college, Pan Jingfu was assigned to the East China electrical bureau to engage in electrical design. His childhood dream seemed to have drifted away.

Unexpectedly, 3 years later, Pan Jing Fu arranged to work in the ship design department. In the early 1960s of last century, the Tpe 065 artillery frigate began development. This is the first type of warship developed by China, and Pan Jing Fu presided over the electrical design. The 30 year old young man came up with a bold idea. At that time, all the ships in China used DC power, and the shore was used for alternating current. As soon as the warship was on the dock, it needed to connect with the electric power. It is necessary to use the special equipment to turn the alternating current into direct current to illuminate the ship. If an accident happens, the electrical equipment will burn up and bring a lot of trouble.

Pan Xian Fu first proposed that the frigate should use alternating current. At that time, many people said to him, you are too risky and too small to leave the old path insurance. Pan Jingfu is at the top of the pressure. He believed that the electrical exchange system was stable and reliable, cheap and convenient for incoming electricity. He also learned that from the 1950s and 1960s, foreign countries gradually switched to the exchange system. Later, the frigate became the first ship to be changed from DC to AC system in China, and all the water surface ships and ships in China began to use communication system.

Like this, Pan Jingfu did a lot. He is aware that he had entered a nearly blank field in China, aiming at the most advanced level in the world. Only by continuous innovation can the distance between dreams and reality be shortened as soon as possible. Only by building a large warship above 1000 tons can the Chinese Navy be able to fight at a long distance.

The destroyer, which first appeared in Britain in 1890s, was a medium surface ship with fast speed and strong attack ability. After two world wars, it was gradually developed into one of the most important naval vessels of the modern navy. The destroyer is also a multi-purpose warship dreamed of when our navy was founded.

In 1954, under the condition of financial strain, the central government decided to import four Type 07 destroyers from the Soviet Union. Pan Jingfu made up his mind. In 1966, pan began to design the first generation of China's Type 051 missile destroyers in the capacity of the leading members of the design leadership group. It was not easy to design and build large warships above thousands of tons on the base of the very weak scientific research and the backward industry, and many difficulties came on the heels from the ships design.

With a strong heart, how to form combat power is a challenge for Pan JongFu. Before the development of the type 051 missile destroyer, all kinds of weapons on military warships of China, whether machine guns, naval guns, torpedoes, mines or deep water bombs, are individual items and not connected with each other. This made Pan's brain hurt. At a critical time, a speech by Tsien Hsueshen at the meeting of the destroyer missile system program gave Pan Jingfu a great inspiration: the warship is a large system, the missile is just a subsystem on the ship, put the missile system on the ship, to arrange it so that it can play its most important role.

China's first homemade missile destroyer was Jinan. In 1987, the Jinan was remodeled with helicopters and flight deck installed. In December 31, 1971, the first Chinese homemade missile to be laucnhed from the lead ship Jinan was completed, and the People's Navy had the first surface ship with the ability of ocean fighting. When it came out, it was the first time to install onboard missile, and the weapon was developed from a single equipment to a weapon system. This signifies that China had the ability to develop the missile destroyer independently and has realized a landmark great leap in the history of naval ship development.

Pan Jingfu was called the first full weapon system designer in China by foreign countries. More than 40 years of research career, he is closer to the dream of casting ships. In May 18, 1980, the Dongfeng 5 long-range launch vehicle was successfully launched to the designated sea area on the Pacific Ocean. The Navy escort formation, consisting of 6 type 051 missile destroyers, participated in the mission of observation launch vehicles, post launch and escort, and safeguards the safety of the fleet of 8,000 nautical miles.

Since the founding of New China, the People's Navy had been mocked as a yellow water navy that can only be a coastal defense and a green water navy that can only be protected in coastal waters. This time, the People's Navy finally started the transition to a blue water navy capable of fighting in the far sea. After the mission was completed, a captain told Pan Jingfu: the era when our ship can only turn around at home is finally over.

In the mid 1980s, Pan Jingfu served as the chief designer of the second generation Type 052 missile destroyer. He boldly adopted the latest domestic research achievements, established the land test field, personally hosted the docking and debugging of the weapon system, and solved a large number of technical problems. On the basis of the type 051 missile destroyer, he continued to strengthen the design concept of system engineering, emphasizing the organic coordination among all the systems of the whole ship, and the comprehensive performance and excellent performance. The ship's weapons and electronic systems and equipment have been formed for the first time to achieve operational command automation. The formation of combat system has made an important step in the development of warship operational command and control.

But another thorny problem emerged. The 052 type missile destroyer is equipped with numerous electronic devices and various kinds of antennas. How can the electronic equipment on the ship not interfere with each other and coordinate with each other? Pan Jingfu organized the team to analyze the possible reasons for the poor anti-interference effect, put it in line, then tested it a little bit, and finally found a new source of interference among hundreds of suspicious causes. After several days of research and debugging, they conquered the difficult problem of satellite communication and radar simultaneous firing and mutual interference.

From 1994 to 1996, the number 112 Harbin and 113 Qingdao ships were completed. A series of innovations in the technical field of the type 052 missile destroyer deeply affected the improvement of the subsequent model of the missile destroyer. Over the past 40 years, Pans dream of casting ships is getting closer and closer. Now, on the basis of the first and the second generation of missile destroyers, a series of new destroyers, such as the third generation of missile destroyers, have come out in succession on the basis of the first and the second generation of missile destroyers, one step and one step, making the Chinese missile destroyer truly stride into the international advanced ranks.

In the 20 years from 1966 to 1992, Pan Jingfu and his wife lived apart from each other. They only had one family leave every year to return to Shanghai. In 1992, Pan Jingfu's work moved back to Shanghai. His leisure styles were mostly reading, writing poetry, and enjoying music. Whenever he overcomes a technical problem, he always picks up a harmonica and gently blows a romantic and affectionate "Night of the Military Harbor."

In 2018, Pan Jingfu faltered and could no longer board the ship. However, every once in a while, Pan Jingfu had to go to 701 to talk to young technicians. Only then would his heart feel solid. He said: "I have been engaged in naval equipment for a lifetime. I am most concerned about the officers and men of the navy. The officers and men have a comfortable life on the ship, and they have more energy to improve the quality of training."




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list



 
Page last modified: 24-08-2019 18:42:50 ZULU