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National Defense Mobilization Committee

National Defense Mobilization CommitteeNational Defense Mobilization Committee of the People's Republic of China is the coordinating body for the work of national defense mobilization throughout the country. In November 1994, the State Council and the Central Military Commission decided to set up a national defense mobilization committee. The National Defense Mobilization Committee conducts its work under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the State Council of the People's Republic of China, and the Central Military Commission. It is headed by the premier of the State Council, while its vice chairmen are the vice premier of the State Council and one of the vice chairmen of the CMC.

In November 1994, the State Council and the Central Military Commission decided to set up a national defense mobilization committee. The National Defense Mobilization Committee, under the leadership of the State Council and the Central Military Commission, is the coordinating body for the work of national defense mobilization throughout the country.

National defense mobilization committee member units: the Central Military Commission authorities relevant departments, the Central Organization Department, the Central Propaganda Department, the Central Office, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice , Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health and Family Planning Commission, SASAC, State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television, Central Committee of the Communist Youth League and All China Women's Federation.

The main task of the National Defense Mobilization Committee is to carry out the active defense strategy of the military and organize the implementation of the national defense mobilization work; to coordinate the relations between the economy and the military, the army and the government, and between manpower and material resources in the work of national defense mobilization so as to enhance the national defense strength and enhance conversion ability.

The main responsibilities are:

  1. To implement the guidelines, policies and directives of the Party Central Committee, the State Council and the Central Military Commission on mobilization of national defense personnel.
  2. organize the formulation of laws, regulations and measures for national defense mobilization.
  3. organize the preparation of national defense mobilization plan, plan.
  4. check and supervise the implementation of national defense mobilization regulations and national defense mobilization plan implementation.
  5. Coordinate major national defense mobilization work in military affairs, economy and society.
  6. organize the people's armed mobilization leading the country, national economic mobilization, people's air defense, traffic war preparedness, national defense education.
  7. exercise other powers conferred by the Central Party Committee, the State Council and the Central Military Commission.

National Defense Mobilization Committee General Office

On January 28, 2000, to strengthen planning and coordination, the State Office and the Central Military Commission approved the establishment of a comprehensive office of the National Defense Mobilization Committee. The comprehensive office is the office of the State Commission for Mobilization. With the direct leadership of the State Commission for mobilization, the comprehensive office is responsible for the comprehensive plan of mobilization of national defense, organization and coordination, theoretical research and secretarial services.

The main responsibilities include: organizing and coordinating national defense mobilization construction plans and planning and policies and theoretical studies on national defense mobilization; drafting national defense mobilization regulations and planning and national defense mobilization comprehensive laws and regulations drafting; organizing and coordinating relevant departments to publicize and implement the party and National defense mobilization guidelines and policies, exchange experience in national defense mobilization work, supervise the implementation of national defense mobilization work; understand the construction of national defense mobilization at home and abroad, organize and coordinate relevant departments to study and put forward opinions and suggestions on strengthening national defense mobilization construction; The directives of the leadership, undertaking the mobilization of national defense and the relevant departments of the state and the military, and the offices of the State Commission for the Mobilization, need comprehensive coordination and so on.

National People's Armed Mobilization Office

In December 1952, the CPC Central Committee issued the "Decision on Establishing a People's Armed Committee at all levels" and established a people's armed forces commission at all levels. In July 1961, the Central Military Commission decided to set up a People's Armed Committee of the Central Military Commission. In November 1994, when the State Commission for Migration was established, the National People's Armed Mobilization People's Armed Mobilization Office was set up.

The main responsibilities are as follows: formulating plans and plans for the people's armed mobilization and mobilization; synthesizing the mobilization of people's armed forces; studying the theories and policies on mobilizing people's armed forces; organizing the drafting of laws and regulations on the mobilization of people by armed forces; organizing propaganda reports on mobilizing people's armed forces , Summarize the exchange of experience, and urge people to implement the armed mobilization work.

National Economic Mobilization Office

In 1956, the State Planning Commission set up the Economic Mobilization Bureau. In November 1994, the State Committee for the Establishment of the National Committee of Motion established the State Mobilization Committee Economic Mobilization Office.

The main responsibilities include: Studying the theory and strategy of mobilization of national economy, mobilization of national economy and the construction of national economy and national defense. Put forward suggestions on the working guidelines and policies for mobilizing the national economy. Organize relevant departments to compile plans for the mobilization of the national economy, the overall plan and the annual mobilization plan for national economic war preparedness. Supervise and inspect the implementation of plans, plans and plans. Organize the drafting of laws and regulations for mobilizing the national economy. Organization of military and civilian dual-use technology research, promotion and application. The organization put forward the proposal of combining peacetime and wartime economic construction projects with the relevant departments to do a good job of combining and linking the project construction with the mobilization of the national economy.

National Defense Education Office

In order to implement the "National Defense Education Law of the People's Republic of China", in April 2002, the National Defense Commission for National Defense Education was set up to take charge of planning, organizing, directing and coordinating national defense education.

Main responsibilities include: organizing and directing national defense education. Formulate national defense education policies, regulations and plans and organize the preparation of national defense education programs and teaching materials. Organize and coordinate with local and military relevant departments to publicize and implement the guidelines and policies on national defense education conducted by the Party and the state and carry out national defense education activities. Check and supervise the implementation of national defense education in the whole country, summarize and promote the experience of national defense education. Manage the National Defense Education Fund and other national defense education social organizations. Organize the national defense education policy theory research.

The National Defense Mobilization Law of the People's Republic of China, which was adopted at the 13th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on February 26, 2010, is hereby promulgated, and came into force on July 1, 2010.

The National Defense Mobilization Committee of the state shall be responsible for organizing, directing and coordinating the national defense mobilization work of the whole nation under the leadership of the State Council and the Central Military Commission. Matters it has decided pursuant to the prescribed powers and procedures shall be enforced by the relevant departments of the State Council and the Central Military Commission within their respective duties. The national defense mobilization councils in the military area and the local national defense mobilization councils at or above the county level shall organize, direct and coordinate the national defense mobilization work within their respective regions.

The State Commission for National Defense Mobilization was established in November 1994. The PRC replaced the unwieldy agglomeration of various commissions, including the National Peoples Air Defense Commission, the CMC Militia Commission, and the State Council and CMC Transportation Combat Preparations Leading Small Group, with the system of National Defense Mobilization Committees (NDMCs).

At each level of the people's government from the county up to the state and in each military area command, there is a national defense mobilization commission. The State Commission for National Defense Mobilization, under the leadership of the State Council and the CMC, is in charge of organizing, directing and coordinating the nationwide national defense mobilization.

The main task of the National Defense Mobilization Committee is to carry out the active defense strategy of the military and organize the implementation of the national defense mobilization work; to coordinate the relations between the economy and the military, the army and the government, and between manpower and material resources in the work of national defense mobilization so as to enhance the national defense strength and enhance conversion ability.

The 2010 National Defense Mobilization Law established peacetime mobilization preparations, guiding wartime mobilization implementation, and defining the coordination structures used at all levels to plan, coordinate, and implement mobilization. In general, the military determines requirements, the National Defense Mobilization Committee implements coordination, and the government fulfills requirements.

National defense mobilization committee member units: the Central Military Commission authorities relevant departments, the Central Organization Department, the Central Propaganda Department, the Central Office, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Justice , Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Health and Family Planning Commission, SASAC, State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television, Central Committee of the Communist Youth League and All China Women's Federation.

The leaders of the State Council and the CMC take the positions of chairman and vice chairmen of the State Commission for National Defense Mobilization. Other members of the Commission include leaders of relevant ministries and commissions under the State Council, and leaders of the general headquarters/departments of the PLA. The core responsibilities of the Commission are to carry out the military strategy of active defense, organize and implement the state's defense mobilization, and coordinate relations between economic and military affairs, the armed forces and the government, and manpower and materials support in defense mobilization.

Commissions for national defense mobilization of military area commands and local people's governments at and above county level are in charge of organizing, directing and coordinating national defense mobilization work within their respective jurisdictions. There are administrative offices in each commission for national defense mobilization to organize its routine work.

China's fundamental goal of strengthening defense mobilization is to establish and improve a mobilization system which is in line with national security demands, coordinated with the economic and social development and coupled with the emergency response mechanisms to increase mobilization capabilities. In recent years, following the principles of unified leadership, public participation, long-term preparations, priority to key projects, overall planning, all-round consideration, orderliness and high-efficiency, China has integrated its defense mobilization building with general social and economic development, gradually improving its capabilities in rapid mobilization, moving swiftly from a peacetime to wartime footing, and sustained support and comprehensive protection.

New progress has been made in people's armed forces mobilization. China has improved its plans for wartime troop mobilization and support, implemented pre-regimentation of reservists into active units, and strengthened the development of the reserve force. Based on possible wartime tasks and MOOTW demands, the militia force is improving its rapid mobilization process. The Law of the People's Republic of China on Reserve Officers, revised in August 2010, lays down new regulations on the authorities, procedures and methods of calling up reserve officers following a state decision to call for national defense mobilization.

Steady progress has been achieved in national economic mobilization. China has given priority to the requirements of national defense in building major infrastructure projects, and has continuously improved the compatibility of military and civilian key technologies and products. It has laid out a basic framework for generating capabilities in national economic mobilization, with key industries and major enterprises as the mainstay and important products and technologies as the links. China has made significant progress in the investigation of the potential of key areas, industries, technologies and products, further optimized the strategic reserve and storage system that meets defense requirements and economic growth, and caters to the needs of both emergencies and wars.

Progress has been accelerated in developing civil air defense (CAD). Adhering to the guidelines of long-term preparation, construction of key projects, and combination of needs in peacetime and war, China strives to do a better job in preparing against air raids in informationized conditions. There is an ongoing effort to improve the system of joint civil-military meetings and offices, optimizing the CAD organizations in local governments at and above county level and promoting the quasi-militarization of the CAD organs. Emphasis has been laid on the building of CAD command posts at all levels in accordance with the requirements of joint and regional air defense. Efforts have been made to improve CAD' s disaster prevention functions and mechanisms featuring the combination of air defense with disaster prevention. More effort has been invested in providing protection for key economic targets, selected through evaluation and research.

Emergency rescue and rapid repair plans have also been formulated in this regard. These CAD projects are incorporated into urban development plans and civil defense basements are incorporated in new buildings as required by law, meeting the requirements of the CAD in urban development, and balancing urban development and the CAD projects. Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities have carried out extensive publicity campaigns, education programs and training initiatives to disseminate understanding of air defense and disaster prevention, skills of rescue and self-rescue, and methods of emergency evacuation.

Transportation mobilization for national defense is making steady and orderly progress. China is working to integrate combat-readiness as an element in the national transportation grid, and improve capabilities in strategic lines of communication support, strategic projection support, and rush transportation and rapid repair. Priority has been given to a number of projects that combine military and civilian purposes, giving impetus to an overall improvement in transportation combat-readiness for national defense. Relevant industries have helped in forming specialized support teams in an organic and systematic way, reinforcing transportation protection and communication maintenance along strategic lines of communication. Support plans for key communication targets and combat-readiness transportation have been formulated and revised, aimed at synchronized planning and construction of both military transportation facilities and urban development.



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Page last modified: 01-12-2017 18:32:57 ZULU