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Dong Fang Hong (DFH) Class (Oceanographic Research Ship)

The Dongfanghong-1 [East is Red] satellite, the first artificial earth satellite launched by China, was developed by the China Academy of Space Technology and was launched on April 24, 1970. The successful launch of the satellite marks China becoming the fifth country in the world to launch domestic satellites with homemade rockets after the Soviet Union, the United States, France and Japan.

The name of the satellite derived from "The East is Red", a 1966 song and dance epic of the Chinese Revolution. This modern opera-epic combined elements of traditional Chinese- opera with modern revolutionary songs, music, costumes and staging. Produced in the People's Republic of China, the film is a 2 hours 10 minutes long portrayal of the Chinese Revolution' from the Communist point of view. It begins with vivid description of exploitationan misery in the pre-Communist period and the- birth of the Communist party in 1921. The theme is the struggle of Chinese workers, peasants and soldiers against foreign and domestic enemies, and builds upon events such as the Long March, the war against the Japanese, land reform in "liberated"- areas, and the victory of the Communists in 1949. The film was shown to tens of millions of people China, and is therefore most significant for understanding the view that the Chinese are presenting of their own land and history. Some knowledge of China is helpful.

Dong Fang Hong 1
(DFH-1)

The Dong Fang Hong [East is Red] Compreshensive Survey Ship was used by the Shandong Oceanographic College used for oil exploration and fishery research. The three generations of research vessels Dong Fang Hong (built in the 1960s), Dong Fang Hong 2 (built in the 1990s) and Dong Fang Hong 3 (which was begun in 2013) were all supported by the Ministry of Education. OUC worked closely with all parties involved to implement this significant shipbuilding project, which integrated multiple disciplines, technologies and engineering applications.

The "Oriental Red" marine internship survey ship was the first 2,500-ton marine internship survey ship built by China in the 1960s. On August 2, 1959, the State Science and Technology Commission will include the construction of a 2,500 marine scientific research vessel for the former Shandong Ocean University in the infrastructure project. On January 26, 1960, the plan was approved by the State Planning Commission and the investment was nearly 10 million yuan. On December 25, 1962, the construction of the Hudong Shipyard was started. The ship was put into use on January 20, 1965 and was officially named "Dongfanghong".

The Oriental Red marine internship survey has a total length of 86.84 meters, a width of 13.20 meters, a depth of 7.40 meters, a design draft of 4.40 meters, a total displacement of 2345 tons, a host horsepower of 3,000 horsepower, a service speed of 14.6 knots, a design waterline length of 78.00 meters, and a crew member. 139 people (including 45 crew members and 94 crew members).

As the first 2,500-ton marine internship ship in China, the Oriental Red ship has received extensive attention at home and abroad. In order to meet the needs of ship management, on April 13, 1964, the PLA General Staff and Naval Command selected 29 naval retired personnel to work at Shandong Ocean University. In July 1965, the Eastern Red Boat was hosted by the Beihai Branch of the State Oceanic Administration. On December 28, 1978, it was re-delivered by Shandong Ocean University. On January 21, 1996, it was officially retired for 30 years.

During the service of the "Dongfanghong" ship, the 09-603 project, the 7402 project-the total magnetic field measurement of the Bohai Strait, the first East China Sea continental shelf survey, and the Sino-US "Southern Bohai Sea and Yellow River estuary sedimentary dynamics" cooperation investigation were carried out. The French, Chinese-Japanese cooperation investigation and other tasks, and received the domestic and foreign celebrities such as President Ho Chi Minh, Cambodian Prime Minister Binnu, Kang Sheng, Wu Xiuquan, Bai Rubing.

The "Dongfanghong" ship successfully completed the oceanography and professional teaching internship tasks of the school, and successfully completed the internship tasks for teachers and students of the brothers and universities. A total of 115 maritime teaching internships were completed (including 76 internships in general oceanography, 16 internships in marine chemistry and navigation, and 23 internships in investigation missions). A total of 6,583 teachers and students participated in the internship. Internships include marine hydrology, marine meteorology, marine physics, marine chemistry, marine geology, and marine biology. From 1982 to 1988, Dongfang Red Boat took on the maritime teaching internships of four brothers and universities of East China Water Conservancy College (now Hohai University), Xiamen University, Tongji University and Nankai University. A total of 766 teachers and students participated in the internship.



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Page last modified: 31-05-2019 14:42:20 ZULU