Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


CVA 002 aircraft carrier

The Type 002 aircraft carrier is also known as 003 carrier, since it would be the third Chinese aircraft carrier.

The Type 002 aircraft carrier will be China's first big deck carrier, "with Chinese characteristics". The design of this as yet unseen carrier is something of a puzzle. The open literature strongly suggests that it will feature catapult-assisted takeoff, but will not be nuclear powered. China does not have a strong technological base for steam marine propulsion, an thus would lack a source of steam for the catapults.

The Type 002 carriers seem intended for two main purposes: at-sea demonstration of Electromagnetic Launch (EML) catapult technology, and training large numbers of pilots in the tricky task of landing on an aircraft carrier [Air Force pilots practice flying the plane, Navy pilots practice landing the plane]. Absent nuclear power, the Type 002 might not have enough electrical power for freqent EML launches, but it should suffice to get enough planes in the air for training [once airborne, the planes could do multiple touch-and-go landings before running out of fuel].

China is reportedly planning to produce two Type 002 carriers; the first is slated to be comissioned in 2021. The carriers are anticipated to have a displacement in the range of 85,000 tons each, making them the biggest Chinese carriers to date. Liaoning is only about 55,000 tons, while the Type 001A is about 70,000 tons. It is said they will be built at the Jiangnan Changxing Shipbuilding factory near Shanghai, the world's largest shipyard. But the Chinese authorities have not yet confirmed the project, and there had been no visible evidence of the construction process by early 2017.

The Type 002 configuration would for the first time be catapult-assisted takeoff but arrested recovery (CATOBAR), while the first two carriers were short takeoff but arrested recovery carrier (STOBAR). For the Chinese navy this is a new subject, the Liaoning ship and 001A-type experience provide no reference. For China to "develop by leaps and bounds" for the 002 type to become fully combat effective, two or three years time would be necessary, after 2025.

The reputable Kanwa Asian Defence, an English-language monthly defense review produced in Toronto, reported in October 2014 that Shanghai's Jiangnan Shipyard was preparing to start work on a new carrier. According to Internet reports, the first Type 002 was laid down in mid 2015, when construction started in Jiangnan Shipyard. It is estimated that it would be delivered to the Chinese navy around 2020. Type 002 is likely to have a flight deck that uses catapult takeoff, possibly steam ejection, or more probably, electromagnetic ejection, which requires more electric power. If the Type 002 aircraft carriers did not use electromagnetic launch, then the electromagnetic launch would be used on the Type 003, and the carrier will also carry stealth aircraft.

As of 2017 China was building, in addition to the serving 001 Liaoning ship, another two aircraft carriers. The two aircraft carriers under construction were the 001A and type 002. The building process of 001A had entered the final stage of the trial, to be launched in the first half of 2017. Type 001A is improved on the basis of the ship in Liaoning, but the aircraft still use the ski jump takeoff.

It is reported in June 2018 that the 003 carrier was built by Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard. It did not use the "jump level" of "nuclear power + electromagnetic catapult" expected by netizens. It uses a more conservative approach with conventional power push and electromagnetic ejection. The construction style of the Soviet aircraft carrier is closer to the layout of the US Navy's aircraft carrier, adopting 2-3 electromagnetic catapults, 4 electromagnetic blocking cables, and 3 elevators in an American layout.

Compared to the first domestic aircraft carrier, the 003 carrier has a considerable increase in length and width because of the use of a longer electromagnetic catapult runway, if the United States' "Ford" nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 135 meters of electromagnetic catapult take off The runway, the total length of the 003 carrier is expected to be around 325 meters, so that the 003 carrier's full-load displacement of more than 80,000 tons, making China for the first time among the large aircraft carrier countries.

In addition, the 003 carrier will further optimize the shape and size of the island, and the deck area will further increase. From the hangar area of the Liaoning aircraft carrier and the domestic aircraft carrier, it can be inferred that the aircraft hangar area of the 003 aircraft carrier will be expanded to 7,000 square meters, making the hangar equipped with more than 30 carrier-based aircraft.

A number of official media in China have revealed that both J-20 and J-31 will be equipped on Chinese aircraft carriers in the future. But Du Wenlong, a military expert, said in an interview with CCTV Asia Today that developing a large-scale aircraft such as the J-20 into a carrier-based aircraft has some technical problems. The improvement and development of the carrier-based fighter aircraft based on the Ju-31 will be more suitable for the aircraft carrier's combat needs. The military expert Zhang Zhaozhong has repeatedly expressed similar views in an interview with the media.

The J-20 was designed primarily for use by the People's Liberation Army Air Force at the beginning of the design. Therefore, the structural strength was not specifically designed for catapult takeoff. In addition, the J-20 would have to solve several problems on board, including Wings need to be able to be folded to save space, carrier-based aircraft must use certain special materials and so on. The emergence of the catapult type J-15 made many people more suspicious of the possibility of the J-31 being on board.

Judging from the information that is currently publicly available, there is still no definitive answer as to which will be the next generation of carrier aircraft for Chinese aircraft carriers. According to the analysis of relevant information, at the beginning of the J-20 project was mainly to become China's new generation of air superiority fighter aircraft, and the J-31 at the beginning of the design, due to the R & D unit's experience in the development of J-15 ship-based fighter, it really took into consideration The needs of the former landing gear bracket is very strong is a strong proof.

Computer-generated imagery appeared 20 June 2018 on Chinese social media showing that Chinese strategists are considering a new aircraft launching system that is not seen on either of the two aircraft carriers used by the Chinese navy. It's showed off in the meeting room of CSIC 701 Institute, the design unit of type 002/003 CV. Besides, the shape of the island also resembled the EMC test facility in Wuhan.

Beijing's ambitious quest to build a premier navy includes plans for several carrier strike groups, though the total number envisioned is not clear. While the Liaoning and the Type 001A, China's first two aircraft carriers, rely on an elevated ski-jump at the bow of the ship to lift departing planes into the air, an artist's rendering of China's next carrier suggests that future Chinese aircraft carriers will rely on a catapult mechanism instead of the ski-jump. The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) uploaded this picture 20 June 2018 onto social media accounts, which appears to show a carrier with a flat deck flanked by two Chinese carriers with ski-ramp bows, indicating that the People's Liberation Army-Navy's next carrier may not rely on ski-jumps for take offs. CSIC removed the images not long after posting them, China's Global Times reported.




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list