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CVA 002 aircraft carrier

The Type 002 aircraft carrier is also known as 003 carrier, since it would be the third Chinese aircraft carrier.

The Type 002 aircraft carrier will be China's first big deck carrier, "with Chinese characteristics". The design of this as yet unseen carrier is something of a puzzle. The open literature strongly suggests that it will feature catapult-assisted takeoff, but will not be nuclear powered. China does not have a strong technological base for steam marine propulsion, and thus the vessel would lack a ready source of steam for the catapults. On the other hand, a conventionally powered carrier might come up short on the vast amounts of electrical power required for electromagnetic launch catapults.

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Satellite imagery from a number of commercial companies show that the shipbuilding project on a construction platform in the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard is the legendary third Chinese aircraft carrier. A satellite image was acquired on 17 April 2019 for the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC. When the main media in Hong Kong published the satellite photo, it marked the names of the various parts of the photo, including the textual description of the functional area division of the military shipyard under the Jiangnan Shipyard, and the prototype and size of the relevant part of the aircraft carrier.

Hong Kong Apple Daily quoted analysts as saying that it is unclear what kind of power system, steam power or nuclear power is used by this aircraft carrier. Zheng Jiwen also said that the ejection system of this aircraft carrier may adopt a technically simple and reliable steam ejection.

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In July 2019 media reports highlighted the third Chinese aircraft carrier that was currently under construction. Imagery showed that several segments of the domestically-made "003 aircraft carrier" that was built in sections had been exposed. The remaining large modules have all been in place at the shipyard, waiting Assembly. The so-called "special segmentation", that is, the special structural module in which the hull is significantly different from other module segments, has appeared in the shipyard. In the past, the traditional means of building aircraft carriers lasted for a long time, and China's first self-designed aircraft carrier adopted the most advanced large-scale modular segmentation construction mode, which divided the huge hull into multiple giant components, divide and conquer, which shortened the construction period and risks.

China Defense Blog reported 01 August 2012 that "Pictures surfaced today of a module at Shanghai's Changxing Island Shipyard appear to be proof of a second Chinese carrier under construction. Besides the telltale profile of the inner hull of a KUZNETSOV-class carrier, the module features a well-defined hangar and elevator cutout." Andrew S. Erickson Gabe Collins reported 06 August 2013 that "Shanghais Changxing Island Shipyard, already home to both conventional-submarine and civil production, now appears to be preparing to construct Chinas first indigenous aircraft carrier.

Internet and satellite photos emerged of a hull module whose limited dimensions suggest that it represents a cost-controlled demonstration of relevant construction capabilities." According to the August 2013 issue of Canada's "Hanhe Defense Review" (published in advance), the Jiangnan Changxing Island Shipyard in Shanghai, China has completed the construction of a section of the aircraft carrier on the indoor berth. The article said that the leaders of the Chinese Navy visited the model, which simulated a segment of the aircraft carrier in full size, which means that the construction of the Chinese aircraft carrier is a construction method that uses segmentation technology and final assembly.

According to the British "Jane's Defense Weekly" website reported on August 2nd, there are photos recently showing that China's first aircraft carrier is under construction, a ship in the Changxing Island Shipyard of the Jiangnan Shipbuilding Group near Shanghai The hull is probably part of China's first locally built aircraft carrier. A set of photos of the hull has appeared on the China Military Forum and website recently. The satellite images of Changxing Island taken by the US Digital Earth on March 3, 2013 also confirmed this set of photos.

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The South China Morning Post said that Chinas third aircraft carrier will have more displacement than the Liaoning ship, less than 100,000 tons of US Nimitz and Ford aircraft carriers, but will surpass the French Charles de Gaulle (42,500 tons) and the British Queen Elizabeth (65,000 tons). ) Aircraft carrier. Once the construction is completed, Chinas third aircraft carrier will beyond all Asian national ships. The South China Morning Post said that China has been striving to build a naval force that can operate globally and ensure its maritime safety. But as of now, there is only one aircraft carrier Liaoning. The ship was modified on the basis of the second-hand cargo Varyag from the former Soviet Union. China's second aircraft carrier is expected to be delivered by the end of 2019, but the former Soviet model is still technically used.

China's Yellow Sea and East China Sea are facing the Japanese archipelago and its southwestern island reef. Japan has long deployed defense and attack capabilities there, for example, improved anti-ship missiles with a range of 400 kilometers, plus the first island along the US and other countries. The military deployment of the chain makes China's use of aircraft carriers a great risk. At present, only the South China Sea is likely to become a sea area where Chinese aircraft carriers can operate and develop.

China's third aircraft carrier is now under construction, the Xinhua News Agency said via its WeChat public account on 26 November 2018, with Chinese military experts saying that the warship is expected to be launched in two and a half years. China's new type of aircraft carrier is being built on berth, the Xinhua News Agency reported on early Sunday, in a story to mark the sixth anniversary of the first takeoff and landing of the J-15 fighter jet on China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning. It was the first official report of the national news agency.

Wang Yunfei, a naval expert and retired PLA Navy officer, told the Global Times that the report shows that construction has now begun and in its early stage, where different parts of the carrier are being built on berths. After the parts are built, they will be assembled to form the entire vessel, which is an efficient way to build a large ship like an aircraft carrier, Wang said.

The new aircraft carrier might need about two and a half years to be launched because of its bigger size, Wang said, noting that the construction of the Type 001A, China's second aircraft carrier, was faster because it was based on the Liaoning. The third carrier, however, uses very new technologies and has no reference, he said.

There is speculation that the construction is taking place at the Shanghai-based Jiangnan Shipyard, as several photos have recently emerged on Chinese social media. In June 2018, the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, manufacturer of China's previous two aircraft carriers, released a photo featuring a third carrier with a flat deck, leading Chinese military observers to speculate it would be installed with an electromagnetic catapult.

The Type 002 carriers seem intended for two main purposes: at-sea demonstration of Electromagnetic Launch (EML) catapult technology, and training large numbers of pilots in the tricky task of landing on an aircraft carrier [Air Force pilots practice flying the plane, Navy pilots practice landing the plane]. Absent nuclear power, the Type 002 might not have enough electrical power for freqent EML launches, but it should suffice to get enough planes in the air for training [once airborne, the planes could do multiple touch-and-go landings before running out of fuel].

China is reportedly planning to produce two Type 002 carriers; the first is slated to be comissioned in 2021. The carriers are anticipated to have a displacement in the range of 85,000 tons each, making them the biggest Chinese carriers to date. Liaoning is only about 55,000 tons, while the Type 001A is about 70,000 tons. It is said they will be built at the Jiangnan Changxing Shipbuilding factory near Shanghai, the world's largest shipyard. But the Chinese authorities have not yet confirmed the project, and there had been no visible evidence of the construction process by early 2017.

The Type 002 configuration would for the first time be catapult-assisted takeoff but arrested recovery (CATOBAR), while the first two carriers were short takeoff but arrested recovery carrier (STOBAR). For the Chinese navy this is a new subject, the Liaoning ship and 001A-type experience provide no reference. For China to "develop by leaps and bounds" for the 002 type to become fully combat effective, two or three years time would be necessary, after 2025.

The reputable Kanwa Asian Defence, an English-language monthly defense review produced in Toronto, reported in October 2014 that Shanghai's Jiangnan Shipyard was preparing to start work on a new carrier. According to Internet reports, the first Type 002 was laid down in mid 2015, when construction started in Jiangnan Shipyard. It is estimated that it would be delivered to the Chinese navy around 2020. Type 002 is likely to have a flight deck that uses catapult takeoff, possibly steam ejection, or more probably, electromagnetic ejection, which requires more electric power. If the Type 002 aircraft carriers did not use electromagnetic launch, then the electromagnetic launch would be used on the Type 003, and the carrier will also carry stealth aircraft.

As of 2017 China was building, in addition to the serving 001 Liaoning ship, another two aircraft carriers. The two aircraft carriers under construction were the 001A and type 002. The building process of 001A had entered the final stage of the trial, to be launched in the first half of 2017. Type 001A is improved on the basis of the ship in Liaoning, but the aircraft still use the ski jump takeoff.

It is reported in June 2018 that the 003 carrier was built by Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard. It did not use the "jump level" of "nuclear power + electromagnetic catapult" expected by netizens. It uses a more conservative approach with conventional power push and electromagnetic ejection. The construction style of the Soviet aircraft carrier is closer to the layout of the US Navy's aircraft carrier, adopting 2-3 electromagnetic catapults, 4 electromagnetic blocking cables, and 3 elevators in an American layout.

Compared to the first domestic aircraft carrier, the 003 carrier has a considerable increase in length and width because of the use of a longer electromagnetic catapult runway, if the United States' "Ford" nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 135 meters of electromagnetic catapult take off runway, the total length of the 003 carrier is expected to be around 325 meters, so that the 003 carrier's full-load displacement of more than 80,000 tons, making China for the first time among the large aircraft carrier countries.

In addition, the 003 carrier will further optimize the shape and size of the island, and the deck area will further increase. From the hangar area of the Liaoning aircraft carrier and the domestic aircraft carrier, it can be inferred that the aircraft hangar area of the 003 aircraft carrier will be expanded to 7,000 square meters, making the hangar equipped with more than 30 carrier-based aircraft.

A number of official media in China have revealed that both J-20 and J-31 will be equipped on Chinese aircraft carriers in the future. But Du Wenlong, a military expert, said in an interview with CCTV Asia Today that developing a large-scale aircraft such as the J-20 into a carrier-based aircraft has some technical problems. The improvement and development of the carrier-based fighter aircraft based on the J-31 will be more suitable for the aircraft carrier's combat needs. The military expert Zhang Zhaozhong has repeatedly expressed similar views in an interview with the media.

The J-20 was designed primarily for use by the People's Liberation Army Air Force at the beginning of the design. Therefore, the structural strength was not specifically designed for catapult takeoff. In addition, the J-20 would have to solve several problems on board, including Wings need to be able to be folded to save space, carrier-based aircraft must use certain special materials and so on. The emergence of the catapult type J-15 made many people more suspicious of the possibility of the J-31 being on board.

Judging from the information that is currently publicly available, there is still no definitive answer as to which will be the next generation of carrier aircraft for Chinese aircraft carriers. According to the analysis of relevant information, at the beginning of the J-20 project was mainly to become China's new generation of air superiority fighter aircraft, and the J-31 at the beginning of the design, due to the R & D unit's experience in the development of J-15 ship-based fighter, it really took into consideration The needs of the former landing gear bracket is very strong is a strong proof.

Computer-generated imagery appeared 20 June 2018 on Chinese social media showing that Chinese strategists are considering a new aircraft launching system that is not seen on either of the two aircraft carriers used by the Chinese navy. It's showed off in the meeting room of CSIC 701 Institute, the design unit of type 002/003 CV. Besides, the shape of the island also resembled the EMC test facility in Wuhan.

Beijing's ambitious quest to build a premier navy includes plans for several carrier strike groups, though the total number envisioned is not clear. While the Liaoning and the Type 001A, China's first two aircraft carriers, rely on an elevated ski-jump at the bow of the ship to lift departing planes into the air, an artist's rendering of China's next carrier suggests that future Chinese aircraft carriers will rely on a catapult mechanism instead of the ski-jump. The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) uploaded this picture 20 June 2018 onto social media accounts, which appears to show a carrier with a flat deck flanked by two Chinese carriers with ski-ramp bows, indicating that the People's Liberation Army-Navy's next carrier may not rely on ski-jumps for take offs. CSIC removed the images not long after posting them, China's Global Times reported.




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Page last modified: 21-11-2020 18:41:24 ZULU