Beijing Military Region Air Force
Beijing Military Area Air Force Command
The Beijing Military Region Air Force was originally established in 1950 as the Huanbei (North China) MRAF and was redesignated as the Beijing MRAF in May 1955.
The Air Force of the Beijing Military Region is a combat corps of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force stationed in the Beijing Military Region. It belongs to the establishment of the Air Force and is under the dual leadership of the Air Force and Beijing Military Region. Lead and command the air force units stationed in Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia (Central), Beijing, and Tianjin in 5 provinces, cities and autonomous regions. It is mainly responsible for defending the capital and the region's air defense operations, air offensive operations, and coordinated land and naval operations.
On October 14, 1950, the Central Military Commission approved the establishment of the Air Force Command of the North China Military Region of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. On October 28, it was established in Beijing on the basis of the Aviation Division of the North China Military Region Command and the first division of the 205th Infantry Division. The agency has a headquarters, political department, logistics department, engineering department, and cadre management department. On May 15, 1954, it was renamed the Air Force Department of the North China Military Region. On May 6, 1955, it was renamed the Air Force Command of the Beijing Military Region. On June 1, 1957, it merged with the Beijing Military Region Air Defense Air Force into the Beijing Military Region Air Force. In February 1970, the military area air force agencies were reorganized into the headquarters, the political department, and the logistics department. In February 1976, the Aeronautical Engineering Department was added, and in September 1993, it was renamed the Equipment Technology Department. In December 1998, it was reorganized as the Equipment Department.
After the establishment of the Air Force of the North China Military Region, it quickly formed troops in accordance with the needs of air defense operations in the capital and North China. From January 1951 to December 1952, the divisions and regiments transferred from the army units were reorganized to form 4 aviation divisions. In March 1955, with the re-division of the national military region, the air force stationed in Shandong was transferred from the East China Military Region to the North China Military Region Air Force Organization. In March 1956, the 6th Army Headquarters of the Air Force was formed to unify the leadership of the Air Force troops stationed in Shandong. In August 1957, the Beijing Military Region Air Defense Force was placed under the Beijing Military Region Air Force Organization. In June 1967, the 6th Army of the Air Force was expanded into the Jinan Military Region Air Force and returned to the Air Force.
From December 1968 to January 1971, three air force headquarters were established. After April 1974, the aviation schools (except the 11th aviation school) and aviation preparatory schools under the jurisdiction of the Beijing Military Region Air Force were successively reorganized by the Air Force directly under the Air Force of the Beijing Military Region. In January 1976, 1 Air Force headquarters was abolished. In the second half of 1985, some units were adjusted, cancelled and merged. By the end of the 20th century, the Air Force of the Beijing Military Region had developed into a combined army consisting of aviation, ground-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, radar, communications and other specialized forces.
The Air Force of the Beijing Military Region insists on the absolute leadership of the Chinese Communist Party over the army, upholds the nature and purpose of the people’s army, strengthens and improves ideological and political work, and maintains the army’s political qualifications and high stability. With the development of the national defense industry, weapons and equipment have been updated and improved, and more advanced aircraft and surface-to-air missiles have been successively equipped with troops. Insist on taking combat effectiveness as the standard, conduct extensive and sustained military training, organize multi-arms air-ground coordinated drills, and raise the military quality and combat effectiveness of the troops to a new level.
The Air Force of the Beijing Military Region has long been responsible for air defense operations in the capital and North China. The air force organizations and some units of the military region have participated in the fight against US aggression and aid to North Korea and support operations in the southeast coastal area, making important contributions to safeguarding the national airspace security. In July 1951, Xu Decao, commander of the Air Force of the Military Region, led the personnel and communication units to Kaiyuan, Liaoning Province (now Kaiyuan, Liaoning), and set up the Sino-Korean Air Force Joint Impact Aircraft Command Post with personnel from the Central South Military Region’s air force. Withdrawn in December. In May 1953, military commander Duan Suquan and political commissar Qi Yuanwo led 707 officials to Andong, Liaoning Province (now Dandong, Liaoning), to participate in the duty of the command post of the Sino-Korean Air Force Joint Headquarters, and returned to construction at the end of September of the same year. The 14th and 17th Divisions of the Air Force successively participated in the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea, shooting down 33 "United Nations" aircraft headed by the US military and injuring 5 aircraft. In homeland air defense operations, the air force of the Beijing Military Region has repeatedly shot down the US invading unmanned high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft and the aircraft used by the Taiwan authorities to enter the mainland for reconnaissance and harassment.
On October 10, 1958, Du Fengrui, a pilot of the 14th Division of the Air Force, shot down one F-86 aircraft of the Taiwan Air Force during the battle of entering Fujian. After severe head injury, he was still fighting and shot down another enemy aircraft. In March 1984 and October 1987, the ground-to-air missile unit under the military area air force shot down and wounded one MiG-21 aircraft that was invaded by the foreign air force in the Guangxi region during the battle of Guilun. In addition, the Air Force of the Beijing Military Region participated in military exercises in North China and the National Day military parade in the capital, and successfully completed its tasks. Participated in earthquake relief in Tangshan and Zhangbei areas, flood control on the Yellow River, and ice rescue, etc., and contributed to the rescue of people's lives and property and the support of national economic construction. The "August 1st" aerobatic team of the Air Force successfully performed aerobatics for delegations from nearly 100 countries and regions.
In defending and building the motherland and strengthening army building, a number of advanced units and heroes and models have emerged. The honorary titles awarded by the Central Military Commission or the Ministry of National Defense are: "Flight Safety Red Flag Division", "Earthquake Relief Model Field Station", "Tangshan Earthquake Relief Model Radar Company", and "Aimin Model Meteorological Service Station". The honorary titles awarded by the Air Force are: "Du Fengrui Squadron", "Model Unit for Rescue and Love of People on the Yellow River Ice", "Shenwei Missile Battalion", "Model Company of Hard Work", "Model Maintenance Squadron", "Skilled Air Gunner" Liu Huangang, "Shenwei Missile Battalion" "Lei Feng-style female warrior" Gao Dongli, "model lover" You Zepu, "righteous hero platoon leader" Sun Yaojia, "model cadre who studies new equipment hard" Xi Jihu, etc. And first-class hero Du Fengrui.
Successive commanders: Xu Decao, Duan Suquan, Luo Yuanfa, Li Jitai, Liu Yudi, Yaoxian, Lin Jigui, Ma Zhanmin, Qiao Qingchen, Li Yongjin, Jing Wenchun; successive political commissars: Qi Yuanwo, Zhang Baichun, Zhao Lantian, Xu Lefu, Zhao Bingyao, Zhao Lirong, Pu Rongxiang , Liu Zhenlai.
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