83rd Group Army
The 83rd Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army is affiliated to the Army in the Central Theater and is stationed in Xinxiang City, Henan Province. The group army comprises various modern units such as infantry, artillery, armored signal, antichemical warfare, engineer, air defense, air, and electronic countermeasure units. Though Group Armies often are considered to be corps-sized units, in reality they control many fewer personnel and units than do corps in the US military. A group army with an all brigade maneuver force would be more comparable to a US division than a corps. After the reductions of the late 1990s, the variation in group army structure has increased considerably from previous years. In the 1990s, a Group Army could vary in size from 65,000 to 100,000+ personneL, but by 2020 the totals were about half these numbers.
The 83rd Group Army, formed in 2017, had jurisdiction over:
- 11th Heavy Combined-Arms Brigade
- 3rd Medium Combined-Arms Brigade
- 58th Medium Combined-Arms Brigade
- 60th Medium Combined-Arms Brigade
- 133rd Medium Combined-Arms Brigade
- 193rd Medium Combined-Arms Brigade
- 161st Air Assault Brigade
- 83rd Special Operations Brigade
- 83rd Artillery Brigade
- 83rd Air Defense Brigade
- 83rd Brigade
- 83rd Service Support Brigade
The official English version of the 2013 "China National Defense White Paper" does not use the term "group army", but refers to China's "combined corps". The State Council Information Office, April 2013 release "Diversified Employment at The Armed Forces of China" stated: "The PLAA mobile operational units include 18 combined corps , plus additional independent combined operational divisions (brigades), and have a total strength of 850,000. The combined corps , composed of divisions and brigades, are respectively under the seven military area commands (MACs)". By force of custom, these units are still called Group Armies.
The group armies are the main part of the PLA. In November 2015, the Central Military Commission held a three-day PLA reform meeting in Beijing, during which President Xi Jinping, also the chairman of the Central Military Commission, gave guidelines on reform. After the reshuffle, the People's Liberation Army was regrouped into five new theater commands to replace the former seven military area commands. China announced a military reshuffle with 84 newly adjusted or established corps-level units. The change in designation is significant. In the past, armies only included the PLA army, but in the future, the air force, navy and Rocket Forces will also be included in the group armies and given a new designation. The previous 18 group armies have been reorganized into 13 new ones. All major combat units of the PLA follow a group army-brigade-battalion system.
In 2017, based on the existing 18 Group Armies were adjusted, 13 Group Armies and formed. China's military established five Theater Commands for its operations on 01 February 2016, realigning forces previously distributed under 7 Military Regions. In this round of deepening national defense and military reforms, after the establishment of the army's leading institutions and theaters, in accordance with the principle of "the general management of the military commission, the theater's main battle, and the service's construction", the 18 group armies that previously belonged to the original seven military regions were reassigned to each theater. On 27 April 2017 the Central Military Commission decision adjust the formation of the original 18 Group Armies into 13 newly formed Group Armies. with each of the five Theater Commands. After adjustment, the army forces in each theater had jurisdiction over 2 to 3 Group Armies that are relatively balanced.
The new Group Armies are new units without prior history, rather than a simple renumbering of units that otherwise retained their unit history. The authors of wikipedia mistakenly report that the new Group Armies are redesignations of existing units. For instance, it is reported that "The 78th Group Army ... was established in 2017, by seemingly a redesignation of the former 16th Group Army." But the legacy Group Armies had survived a variety of reshuffles prior to 2017, and if the intent had simply been to tidy up the organzation charts the legacy unit designation could have been preserved, which it was not.
In combat, individual exploits and personal valor are important, but team effort wins the fight. The military pays close attention to team performance, to the organizations in which its soldiers serve and fight, and to the flags and colors that symbolize those organizations. In the same way that patriots fight for their country's flag, in many Armies of the world, soldiers fight for their unit colors. The older an organization, the more soldiers, both active and retired, had the opportunity of serving in and identifying with it and the more opportunities the organization had to win battle honors. In the US Army the term reflagging was coined in the 1980s to describe the phenomenon formerly called a "transfer less personnel and equipment." For those soldiers who have served in the "Big Red One," the "Wolfhounds," or "The Blackhorse Regiment," unit pride is very much a part of their lives. In the US Army, the adoption of the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) in 1957 to provide a flexible regimental structure that would permit perpetuation of unit history and tradition.
But this is precively contrary to the reforms of 2015-2017, the intent of which was to completely reboot the upper echelons of the Chinese military. The PLA did not have well established patterns of rotating officers among commands, unlike the US military which has long rotated officers every few years to avoid the emergence of local cliques. Instead, an officer might spend his entire career in series of vertial promotions within the same geographic unit. The 2015-2017 aimed to break up this pattern, which would help to defeat strutures of corruption and nepotism, as well as establish an officer corps and command struture that clearly owed its position [and loyalty] to Chairman Xi Jinping.
The units that have been awarded the honorary title are:
- Red Army Division , Iron Army : Former 54th Group Army Infantry 127th Division
- Red Army : Former 54th Group Army Infantry No. 127th Division No. 38 Regiment
- Red Army : Former 54th Group Army Infantry No. 162 Division No. 485 Regiment
- Ruijin Regiment : Former 54th Group Army Infantry No. 162 Division No. 485 Regiment
- Tigers Flock Sheep Regiment : Former 54th Group Army Infantry No. 162nd Division No. 486 Regiment
- Liu Laozhuang Company : Former 54th Group Army Infantry First Two Seventh Division Third Seventy- ninth Regiment ( Yeting Independent Regiment ) Fourth Company In 2017, he was transferred to a certain company of the 83rd Group Army
- Surprise attack on Lazikou Company (Red Five Company): A company of the First Two Seventh Division, Third Seven-Nine Regiment of the Infantry Division of the 54th Group Army (Ye Ting Independent Regiment)
- Steel Knife Company : The first company of the first 622nd Division of the 54th Army Infantry of the former Army
- Jintangqiao Company : Former 54th Group Army Infantry 162nd Division 4th 8th Regiment 7th Company
- Capable of attacking and defending the company of heroes (Red Nine Company): Former 54th Group Army Infantry
- First Twenty-seventh Division Third Thirty-nineth Regiment (Ye Ting Independent Regiment) Ninth Company
- Block Hero Company : Former 54th Group Army Infantry First Two Seventh Division Third Seventy-ninth Regiment (Yeting Independent Regiment) First Company
- Hero Reconnaissance Company : Former 54th Group Army Infantry Reconnaissance Company
- Red First Company: The first company of the first battalion of the third battalion of the first 277th division of the 54th Army Infantry Division of the Army (Autumn Uprising Red Second Regiment). A brigade transferred to the 83rd Group Army in 2017
- Three companies of great merit : The three companies of a brigade of the former Army 65th Army. In 2017, he was transferred to the third company of a combined brigade of the 83rd Group Army
- Yang Gensi even : Twenty former Army Army infantry division fifty-eighth and seventy-second group third company. In 2017, he was transferred to an armored infantry company of a combined brigade of the 83rd Group Army
- Shajiabang Company , Flood Rescue Hero Company : The second company of the 175th Regiment of the 58th Division of the Infantry of the 20th Army of the former Army. Transferred to the Army 83rd Army in 2017
- Yang Jingyu Detachment : The Thirteenth Brigade of the 20th Army of the former Army. Transferred to the Army 83rd Army in 2017
- Red Model Health Team : Former 54th Group Army Infantry Division 127th Division 379th Regiment (Ye Ting Independent Regiment) Health Team
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