63rd Group Army
The 63rd Group Army was demobilised following the 2003 reductions cycle. The 63rd Group Army, headquartered in Taiyuan, Shanxi, was comprised of the 188th Motorized Infantry Division, an armored brigade, a motorized infantry brigade, an infantry brigade, an anti-aircraft artillery brigade, an artillery brigade, and a communications regiment in addition to logistics and support units.
63rd Army - Early History
The predecessor of the 63rd Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 3rd Column of the North China Military Region. The column was developed by the Jinchaji Field Army Jizhong column.
In September 1949, the Jizhong column consisted of 3 regiments in the 7th, 8th, and 9th military divisions of the Jizhong military area, and 1 regiment in each of the 6th and 0th military divisions. The commander of the column, Yang Chengwu, and the deputy political commissar Li Zhimin, have jurisdiction over the 11th, 12th, and 13th brigades.
The Jizhong column started on September 17, 1945, from Jizhong Hejian, west of Tianjin, and south of Baoding, and arrived near Zhangjiakou in early October. On October 18, the head of the column led the 11th Brigade and the 13th Brigade to participate in the Battle of Suiyuan, liberating the vast area of Suidong and annihilating the Kuomintang army. At the same time, the 12th Brigade liberated Chanan's Wei County, Guangling and Nuanquan Towns, and wiped out the remaining enemies of Chanan.
In March 1946, the column was instructed to transfer the 11th Brigade Division, the 33rd Regiment, and the 38th Regiment of the 13th Brigade to the Jizhong Military Region, while teaching the 5th Regiment of the 2nd Brigade, the Independent Regiment, and the 2nd Column of the Jizhong Military Region The 73rd, 76th, 81st Regiments and the Independent 2nd General Corps under their jurisdiction were organized into the Jizhong Column. In June, the Jizhong Column was renamed the 3rd Column of the Jinchaji Field Army. Commander Yang Chengwu and political commissar Li Zhimin under the jurisdiction of the 7th and 8th Brigade. On July 3, 1946, the column launched a siege of Datong and captured 11 peripheral strongholds such as Beiguan and Nanguan in Datong.
When the column was about to attack the city, due to enemy reinforcements and unfavorable fighting, it was withdrawn on September 16. The head of the column led the 8th Brigade and 5 independent brigades in various military regions to launch the Pinghan Road breakout operation, and the 8th Brigade company Kedingxing, Gucheng, Beihe and other strongholds. The 7th Brigade was commanded by the 1st Column and prevented the enemy from attacking Zhangjiakou in the Huailai area. It annihilated the 1st Battalion of the 325th Regiment and the 327th Regiment of the enemy in Nanxinbao. From November 3 to December 6, the third column annihilated the 361st, 388th, and 363th regiments of the Kuomintang Army in Moshui, Yi County, and Mancheng, and crushed the enemy's attack.
In January 1947, the 11th Brigade of the Chahar Military Region was incorporated into the 3rd Column Order and changed to the 9th Brigade. In the same spring, Yang Chengwu served as the second political commissar of the Jinchaji Field Army, and Zheng Weishan served as the commander of the column. Hu Yaobang was a political commissar. From mid-June 1947 to the end of October 1948, the 3rd Column participated in the Qingcang Campaign, the 1st and 2nd Baobei Campaign, the Qingfengdian Campaign, the Shijiazhuang Campaign, the Chanan Campaign, the Jidong Blocking Campaign, and the Pingsui East Section Battle battles such as raids.
In January 1949, according to the order of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China regarding the unification of the whole army and the number of troops, the 3rd Column was renamed the 63rd Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and was affiliated to the 19th Corps of the North China Military Region. Zheng Weishan served as military commander, Wang Zonghuai served as political commissar, Yi Yaocai served as deputy military commander and chief of staff, and Lu Ping served as director of the political department. The former 7th Brigade was renamed the 187th Division, Zhang Yinghui was the division head, and Liu Guangyu was the political commissar; the 8th Brigade was renamed the 188th Division, Song Yulin was the division chief, and Li Zhen was the political commissar; the 9th Brigade was renamed the 189th Division, and Du Yuhua was the division chief. Cai Changyuan was a political commissar. After the formation of the 63rd Army, in the beginning of December, it participated in the Battle of Pingjin, cooperated with the 64th and 65th Army to encircle the 35th Army of Fu Zuoyi, surrounded the new security guards, and defeated the 16th and 104th Army, the enemy who reinforced the new security forces.
After the peaceful liberation of Peiping, the 63rd Army was ordered to march into Shanxi in March 1949, and the comrades would attack Taiyuan. On April 19th, the task of clearing the southern strongholds of the south of the city was completed. On the 24th, the siege troops launched a general attack. The army broke through the enemy's city defense from 4 places and entered the city, cooperating with the neighboring forces to liberate Taiyuan. At the beginning of June 1949, the 63rd Army departed from Taiyuan and was placed under the formation of the First Field Army with the 19th Corps. It arrived in Sanyuan and Fuping areas in early July. The Battle of Lanzhou and the combat operations for the liberation of Ningxia, together with the main force of the First Field Army, liberated the northwestern Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia area.
From January to early November 1950, the 63rd Army conducted training and wasteland production in Sanyuan, Yaoxian and Pucheng areas, and opened up 170,000 mu of land in Huanglong Mountain and Malang Mountain. ) Section of the railway had made new contributions to supporting national construction.
On February 10, 1951, the 63rd Army, led by Commander Fu Chongbi and Political Commissioner Long Daoquan, entered the Phoenix area of Liaoning to gather. Entered the DPRK on the 15th. In North Korea, the 63rd Army participated in the fifth battle and subsequent defensive operations. More than 8,000 heroes and heroic figures such as Lu Yujiu, Zhang Minglu, Zhang Weiliang, Lu Yaowen, Liu Guangzi, and Li Jiwu emerged. Guo Enzhi, a famous national combat hero, was born in this unit.
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