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Military


47th Group Army

The 47th Group Army, headquartered in Lintong, is comprised of a division, a motorized infantry brigade, an armored brigade, an AAA brigade, and an artillery brigade.

The 47th Group Army was located in Lintong, Shaanxi and was comprised of a motorized infantry division, a motorized infantry brigade, an armored brigade, an anti-aircraft artillery brigade, and an artillery brigade.

The 47th Group Army traces its lineage back to the 717th Regiment of the 359th Brigade under the Eighth Route Army. In July 1947 the regiment was reorganized and redesignated the 10th Column. By early 1949 the 10th Column was reorganized and redesignated the 47th Corps, under the 14th Army. The 47th was comprised of the 139th, 140th, and 141st Divisions. The 47th Corps deployed to Korea sometime around May 1951. The 47th returned from Korea in 1958 and was located in Hunan.

47th Army - Early History

The predecessor of the 47th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 10th Column of the Northeast Field Army. The divisions of the 47th Army had different combat experiences before they were incorporated into the formation of the army.

The predecessor of the 139th Division of the Army was the independent 1st Division of the Red Army established in October 1930 in the border area of Hunan and Jiangxi. In October 1932, the division was incorporated into the Red 8th Army and renamed the 22nd Division. In June 1933, it was incorporated into the Red 6th Army and renamed the 17th Division. The division commander was concurrently served by Xiao Ke, the head of the Red 6th Army, and Cai Huiwen served as a political commissar. It had participated in defending the Hunan-Gansu-Su area, the Red Army's breakout from the west march, returning to the east, moving to Xiangqian and the Long March of 25,000 miles. During the Anti-Japanese War, the division was reorganized into the 359th Brigade of the 120th Division of the Eighth Route Army.

In September 1937, it accompanied the 120th Division to the front line of the Anti-Japanese War (the 718th Regiment and the division directly stayed in the border areas of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia), and participated in the battle to recover the seven cities in the northwest of Shanxi, Lingqiu, Guangling blocking battle, Shaojiazhuang ambushing battle Battle at lower waist stream and other battles; cooperated with the 120th Division main force to crush the Japanese multi-way siege. In September 1939, it was ordered to return to the Suide area in Shaanxi, and was tasked with defending the border areas of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia. At the end of 1940, in order to break the economic blockade of the Kuomintang army on the border areas of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia, it entered Nanniwan to launch a world-famous mass campaign.

In November 1944, the 359th Brigade formed the southward detachment in two batches, advancing towards the enemy of South China. In August 1945, the second detachment (Liu Zhuanjun served as commander and Yan Fuxing served as political commissar) was ordered to go north to Henan Mengxian area. In October, it moved to the Liaoyang area of Zining, and after the expansion, it restored the 359th brigade number, directly under the headquarters of the Northeast Democratic Coalition. During the war of liberation, it participated in battles such as the bandits in Fushun and Beiman, Jiangnan, and the offensive in summer. In January 1947, it was reorganized as the Independent First Division of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army. On September 10, 1947, it was incorporated into the tenth column formation of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army and was renamed the 28th Division.

The predecessor of the 140th Division of the army was Changchun Security Corps, which was established by the expansion of some backbones of the Jiluyu Military Region, the 359th Brigade Advance Team, and Taihang District led by Cao Lihuai after the restoration of the Northeast in August 1945. Liu Juying was appointed political commissar. After the establishment of the corps, the main battle area near Changchun and Jilin. It had participated in battles such as the Northern Manchu and Western gangsters, the liberation of Changchun, the three-time Jiangnan, and the summer offensive, and annihilated nearly 10,000 enemies. On September 10, 1947, it was incorporated into the tenth column formation of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army and was renamed the 29th Division.

The predecessor of the 141st Division of the army was the 1st Division of Dongman Independent Coalition of the Northeast Democratic Alliance, which was formed in Hualinzi, Huadian County, Jilin Province on February 1, 1947. After the division was established, it returned to the Dongman Military Region Command, and its main activities were in the Dongman region. It had participated in many battles in the area east of Jilin, the northeast summer offensive, and battles in the area south of Jilin and Changchun. On September 10, 1947, it was incorporated into the tenth column formation of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army and was renamed the 30th Division.

On September 10, 1947, the 10th Column of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army (Liang Xing's first commander and Zhou Chiping as a political commissar) was established and immediately participated in the autumn offensive launched by the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army against the Kuomintang Army. It participated in 19 large and small battles and overcame Jilin, Dehui, Zhonggu and other enemy strongholds. From the end of 1947 to the beginning of 1948, the 10th Column participated in the autumn offensive launched by the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army and conquered Kaiyuan and other towns. In September 1948, the Northeast Field Army launched the Liaoshen Campaign.

The 10th Column was ordered to start from the Kaiyuan and Changtu areas, and commanded the 3rd Division of the 1st Column, the 2nd Independent Division of Liaonan, and the Mongolian Cavalry Division. They first entered the area south of Xinlitun, organized movement defense, and intercepted Shenyang West aided the enemy of Jinzhou; then went to Montenegro and Dahushan to block the Kuomintang Army Liao Yaoxiang Corps, not only to protect the main force to overcome Jinzhou, but also to smash the enemy’s attempt to retake Jinzhou together with the comrades. When the Liao Yaoxiang Corps abandoned its plan to capture Montenegro and Dahushan, and fled towards Yingkou, the 10th Column was ordered to attack across the board to chase and evade the enemy. In this campaign, the enemy's New 1st Army, New 6th Army, 71st Army, etc. were annihilated, more than 14,000 people were annihilated, the enemy's new 6th Army Commander Li Tao was captured, and a large number of weapons and equipment were captured, successfully completing the combat mission given by the superior.

In November 1948, the 10th Column was renamed the 47th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army in accordance with the Central Military Commission's order to unify the army's establishment and troop designation. Liang Xing first served as military commander and Zhou Chiping served as political commissar. The 28th Division was renamed the 139th Division, He Qingji was the division chief Yan Fusheng was the political commissar; the 29th Division was renamed the 140th division, Ye Jianmin’s acting division chief, Zhang Baichun was the political commissar, and the 8th Independent Division of the Northeast Military Region was transferred to the military establishment and renamed the infantry 160 division, Wang Minggui was the division head, and Zou Yan was the political commissar. There were more than 56,000 people in the army. In the same month, the 47th Army was ordered to enter the customs and participate in the Battle of Pingjin. After the peaceful liberation of Peiping, the army was tasked with restructuring the 262nd and 297th divisions of the Fu Zuoyi Department. At the same time, the 160th Division was transferred to the Pingjin Guard Headquarters and renamed the 207th Division; the 1st Division of the Northeast Military Region's entire training division was renamed the 160th Division and was transferred to the 47th Army.

In April 1949, the 47th was incorporated into the formation of the 13th Corps of the Fourth Field Army and marched toward Jiangnan. In July, participated in the battle of Yisha. In September, in order to cooperate with the main force of the Fourth Field Army to enter the Guangdong and Guangxi, in the Xiangxi Dayong to destroy the enemy's 122nd Army, there were more than 5,000 people under the capture of the captain of the enemy. In August, the 160th Division was transferred to the 12th Corps (Hunan Military Region). At the end of October, the army headquarters and the 139th and 141st divisions were instructed to cooperate with the 3rd Regiment of the 2nd Field Army to march into Sichuan and Guizhou. Together with the Brotherhood, liberated Chongqing, Fuling, Guangan, Linshui and other places, captured the deputy director of the Sichuan, Hubei, and Suijing Offices and the commander of the 14th Corps, Zhong Bin, and the commander of the Jiangyang Fleet, Ye Yuru, etc .; In the west of Hunan, the tasks of banditry and maintenance of traffic lines were carried out. In January 1950, the 47th Army was ordered to return to Xiangxi to carry out the task of policing bandits. After more than a year of continuous operations, the century-old banditry in Xiangxi had been eliminated.

In February 1951, the 47th Army participated in the Chinese People's Volunteer Army's entry into the DPRK. Military commander Cao Lihuai, political commissar Li Renlin, deputy commander Liu Xianquan. On June 17, the army was ordered to lead the 140th and 141st divisions to Linjin Jiangdong to replace the 65th army defense of the volunteer army. The 139th Division entered Kaesong and assumed the task of negotiating to defend Kaesong. In December of the same year, the army was instructed to transfer the defense on the east bank of the Linjin River to the 39th Army and withdrew to Longhua and Chengchuan areas for training. During the whole training, Luo Shengjiao, an internationalist fighter who appeared to save children, emerged. In November 1952, the 47th Army was ordered to travel to the east and west sides of the Linjin River for the second time to replace the 39th Army of the Volunteer Army. Many fighting heroes and collective heroes such as Hao Zhixin, Jing Chengen, Ma Yijun, Li Tailin and Chen Qiyao emerged. In April 1953, the 47th was ordered to transfer the Linjinjiang defense to the 1st Army of the Volunteer Army. Withdrawn to Gushan and Songtian oil areas for mobile combat missions. In June, it was ordered to enter the Anzhou, Suchuan, and Hanchuan areas to take over the West Coast Defense of the 38th Army of the Volunteers.

Recent Activity

In September 1954, the 47th Army returned from North Korea to the Leizhou Peninsula and moved to Hengyang, Hunan in 1960. In November 1963, the army appeared Ouyang Hai, a "model of love for the people" who sacrificed bravely to protect the safety of the train. In the 1964 "competition" of the whole army, the reconnaissance company of the 141st Division of the Infantry was awarded the title of "Red Point Company" by the Ministry of National Defense. In 1970, the 47th Army transferred north to Shaanxi. During the Cultural Revolution, Wei Jingsheng walked through the back door to join the 423 regiment of the 141st division of the army, and then went back to Beijing after being demobilized.

The 47th Army was stationed in Shaanxi Province. The original code was 84870 troops, which belonged to the Lanzhou Military Region. It was adapted from the 47th Army of the Army in 1985. There were three infantry divisions under the jurisdiction of 139, 141 divisions and 56 divisions of the former 19th Army, and they were incorporated into the tank brigade, artillery brigade (former artillery 6th division) and anti-aircraft brigade. From 1985 to 1987, the group army participated in the defensive operations in the Laoshan area. After the 4th Company of the 417th Regiment of the 139th Division of the Infantry was awarded the honorary title of "Four Heroes" by the Central Military Commission, and famous combat heroes such as Ma Yuge and Gu Jinhai emerged. Later, Xu Liang, who made a sensation in society, was in this army. After 1998, the 56th Infantry Division was changed to the Mobu Brigade, and the Tank Brigade was also changed to the Armored Brigade. The 141st Infantry Division was reorganized as the Shaanxi Army Reserve Division.

The 56th Infantry Division, which was incorporated into the 47th Army in 1985, was formerly the 5th Brigade of the 2nd Column of the Jin-Ji-Lu-Yu Field Army composed of troops from the Southern Hebei Military Region in October 1945. It was changed to the 29th Division of the 10th Army in January 1949. Battles of Central Plains and Huaihai, liberation of the Great Southwest and other major battles. In January 1951, the 15th Army was transferred to the DPRK to participate in the war. In the autumn of 1952, the great fighting hero Qiu Shaoyun emerged from the limited-purpose counterattack in the autumn of 1952. After the 15th Army was changed to the Airborne Army in 1961, the 29th Division was changed to the Wuhan Military Region Independent Division, 1967 When the 17th Army was reconstructed, it was changed to the 49th Division. In 1969, the 17th Army was cancelled and returned to the Wuhan Military Region again. Later, the Lanzhou Military Region was transferred to the reconstructed 19th Army, and the designation was changed to the 56th Division. This division was the division with the most changes in the membership of the PLA.

In the new general after 1988, Guo Boxiong, a member of the Central Military Commission and a standing deputy chief of the General Staff of the General Staff, served as the army commander of the group from 1992 to 1994. Qian Shugen, who had served as deputy chief of general staff since 1995, also served as the army commander.

In 2001 the units identification number was changed from 84870 to 68310.

The unidentified Armored Brigade (Unit 68304), stationed on a plateau North of the Wei River in Shaanxi conducted winter field training in January 2003. Lanzhou MR Renmin Jundui identified the commander of the unit, Zhao Guobiao, and indicated that exercises consisted of both field and command training exercises.[MR Renmin Jundui 8 Feb 2003 (PLA Activities Report Feb 2003)]



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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:14 ZULU