41st Group Army
The 41st Group Army traces its lineage back to the 1940s and the Chia-Tung Military District. In October 1945 it was reorganized and redesignated as the 5th Independent Brigade. Around June 1945 the unit was again reorganized but was redesignated as the 4th Column of the Fourth Field Army, commanded by Wu K'o-hua. In February 1949 the unit was reorganized and was redesignated as the 41st Corps. Its organic units were the 121st, 122nd and 123rd Divisions.
During the Korean War the unit remained in Kwangtung providing coastal defense.
41st Army - Early History
The predecessor of the 41st Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 4th Column of the Northeast Field Army. The column was developed by several local armed forces created by the Communist Party of China in the Jiaodong area in the early days of the Anti-Japanese War.
In December 1937, Li Qi, secretary of the Jiaodong Special Committee of the Communist Party of China, used the Red Army guerrillas who insisted on the struggle of Kunyu Mountain as the backbone to launch an anti-Japanese armed uprising in Tianfu Mountain, Wendeng County, Shandong, and established the 3rd Army of the Shandong People’s Anti-Japanese Salvation Army. In September 1938, the 3rd Army and Ye County Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Fifth Detachment, Gao Jinchun served as commander, Song Cheng served as political commissar, Wu Kehua served as deputy commander, under the jurisdiction of 6 regiments, a total of more than 7,000 people (December, returned to the Shandong column formation). In September 1940, the 5th detachment was renamed the 5th Brigade, Wu Kehua was the brigadier, and Gao Jinchun was the political commissar; at the same time, the new 5th detachment was established, under the jurisdiction of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd regiments.
In July 1942, the Jiaodong Military Region was established, and the new 5th Detachment was reorganized into the 16th and 17th Regiments, together with the 5th Brigade under the leadership of the Jiaodong Military Region. In March 1943, the troops of the Jiaodong Military Region were reorganized and the 5th Brigade No. was cancelled. The 13th, 14th, and 16th Regiments of the Military Region were directly under the jurisdiction of the Military Region; the 15th and 17th Regiments were included in each military division. In September 1945, the Jiaodong Military Region troops expanded into the 5th and 6th Divisions of the Shandong People's Liberation Army and the 3rd and 4th Brigade of the Shandong People's Liberation Army in the counterattack against the enemy.
In October 1945, more than 10,000 people from the 5th and 6th Divisions of the Shandong People's Liberation Army advanced from the sea to the Northeast and were organized as the 2nd Column of the Northeast People's Autonomous Army. In February 1946, the 2nd and 3rd columns of the Northeast People’s Self-Government Army were combined into the 4th column of the Northeast Democratic Alliance. Wu Kehua served as commander, Peng Jiaqing served as political committee member, Hu Qicai served as deputy commander, and Ouyang Wen served as deputy political committee member. And the director of the political department, Cai Zhengguo served as the chief of staff. It governs the 10th Brigade adapted from the 1st Brigade of the 2nd Column; the 11th Brigade adapted from the 2nd Brigade; the 12th Brigade adapted from the 3rd Column, with a total of more than 23,000 people, belonging to Liaodong (South Man) Leader of the military region. After the establishment of the 4th column, it participated in 3 battles to defend Benxi. In May, the Battle of Anhai was launched, conquering Anshan and Haicheng, destroying the 184th Division of the 60th Army of the Kuomintang Army, and forcing its commander Pan Shuoduan to lead the division and the 552th Regiment.
In July, the brigade was renamed Division. From October to November, the Battle of Xinkailing was carried out, which wiped out more than 8,900 people of the 25th Division of the 52nd Army, who completely wiped out the Kuomintang army and American mechanized equipment. Chairman Mao Zedong, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the Central Military Commission issued a telegram award. Yan'an "Liberation Daily" published an editorial entitled "The Destruction of the Twenty-fifth Division" on November 5 to congratulate. From December to April 1947, it joined the 3rd Column to participate in the Battle of Linjiang and Sibao. It repelled the Kuomintang troops several times and defended Linjiang and Changbai Mountain bases. From May to early 1948, it participated in three offensive operations in Northeast China in summer, autumn, and winter, and conquered Meihekou, Liaoyang, Anshan, and Yingkou.
In January 1948, the 4th Column of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army was renamed the 4th Column of the Northeast People's Liberation Army, under the leadership of the Northeast Field Army. From March to August, new military consolidation campaigns and military training were conducted to improve military and political qualities. From September to November, it participated in the Liao-Shen Campaign and, along with the 11th Column and other departments, was responsible for guarding Shanhaiguan's traffic to Jinzhou, including the positions of Aita Mountain and Baitai Mountain, and blocking the combat mission of the "East Advance Corps" of the KMT from Jinxi to Jinzhou. After six days and nights of arduous battles, it repelled the turns of the 9 divisions of the Kuomintang Army with the cooperation of the navy and air force, and annihilated more than 6,000 enemies, ensuring the victory of the Jinzhou battle. After the war, the 34th Regiment of the 12th Division of the 4th Column won the "Tashan Hero Regiment", the 28th Regiment of the 10th Division was awarded the "Defense Hero Regiment", the 36th Regiment of the 12th Division was awarded the "Baitaishan Hero Regiment" and the Column Artillery Regiment The glorious title of "Megatron Enemy Gallbladder Regiment". There were 20 commanders who won the "Mao Zedong Medal".
In November 1948, according to the Central Military Commission’s order to unify the army’s establishment and troop designation, the 4th Column was renamed the 41st Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and returned to the Northeast Field Army. Wu Kehua served as military commander, Mo Wenhua served as political commissar, Hu Qicai served as deputy military commander, Ouyang Wen served as deputy political commissar and director of the political department, and Li Fuze served as chief of staff. The 10th division under its jurisdiction was renamed the 121st division, Cai Zhengguo was the division chief, and Li Bingling was the political commissar; the 11th division must be the 122nd division, Tian Weiyang was the division chief, and Wu Baoshan was the political commissar; the 12th division was called the 123rd division, and Jiang Xieyuan was the division Teacher, Zhang Xiuchuan served as a political commissar.
The second independent division of the Northeast People's Liberation Army was transferred to the army's organizational structure and renamed the 154th Division of the Infantry. Zuo Ye was the division commander and Cao Chuanzan was the political commissar.
The army had a total of more than 64,000 people. In December, the 41st Army participated in the Battle of Pingjin, cooperated with the North China Field Army to conquer Kangzhuang, Huailai, Zhangjiakou and other counties and cities, and cut off the road of the Kuomintang Army Fu Zuoyi Group to the west of Suiyuan (now southwest of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region). In January 1949, participated in the siege of Beiping (now Beijing). After the peaceful liberation of Peiping, it assumed the security task of Peiping City. At the same time, it was ordered to reorganize the 209th Division of the 104th Army of the Fu Zuoyi Uprising Force. From September to October, participated in the march of the Middle Route Army in South China. In the battle of Hengbao, it assumed a frontal assault mission, annihilated more than 5,000 people in the Kuomintang Army, and captured Ling Yun, the deputy commander of the 7th Army. From November to December, it participated in the battle of Guangxi, conquered counties and cities such as Quanzhou, Xing'an, Guilin, Lingchuan, Lipu, Mengshan, etc., wiped out more than 8,600 members of the Kuomintang Army, and captured Li, deputy commander of the 3rd Corps and commander of the 7th Army.
In January 1950, the 154th Division was transferred to the formation of the Guangxi Military Region. In February, the army was reorganized into the 15th Corps of the Fourth Field Army. Instructed to go to Danshui, Gaoyao, Huiyang, Huanggang and other places in Guangdong province to carry out bandit combat missions from Rongxian area of Guangxi, and liberated Nan'ao Island successively. In January 1951, stationed in the Chaoshan area to perform the task of defending coastal defense. In the struggle against the border with Vietnam, the army served as the general reserve team and completed the important task of defending the border. General Zhang Wannian, the current first vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, grew up in this army.
The 41st Army was stationed in Guangxi. The original codename was Unit 53010, which belonged to the Guangzhou Military Region and was adapted from the 41st Army of the Army in 1985. It governs 121, 123 divisions and 164 divisions of the former 55th Army, and was incorporated into the tank brigade, artillery brigade and anti-aircraft brigade. When the troops stationed in Hong Kong were formed in 1994, a part of the "Tashan Heroes" was incorporated into the infantry brigade of the troops stationed in Hong Kong. After 1998, the 164th Division of the Infantry was reorganized into the 164th Brigade of the Marine Corps, the Tank Brigade was reorganized into the Armored Brigade, and the 362nd Regiment of the 121st Infantry Division and the 368th Regiment of the 123rd Division of the Infantry were respectively reorganized into Division Armored Regiments. In the flood fighting in the Yangtze River Basin in the summer of 1998, the main force of the group went to Jingjiang, Hubei and Dongting Lake, Hunan, and successfully completed the mission. Martyr Li Xiangqun, a "model of warriors in the new era", was a member of the "Tashan Defense Hero Group". The military commander was Li Zuocheng, political commissar Zhang Rucheng.
After the new general in 1988, Zhang Wannian, a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, was from the 367 regiment. He served as the regiment leader from 1962 to 1966. Li Xinliang, who once served as political commissar and commander of the Shenyang Military Region, and later commander of the Beijing Military Region, also came from this army. Gu Shanqing, who had served as political commissar of the Chengdu Military Region and political commissar of the Beijing Military Region, also came from this army.
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