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39th Mechanized Group Army

The 39th Group Army is responsible for the defence of north-east China's heavy industrial base and for reinforcement of all other group armies in the Shenyang region. The 39th Group Army (Mechanized), is headquartered in Liaoyang, a base about 90 miles south of Beijing, and is comprised of three mechanized infantry divisions, an armored division, a AAA brigade, an artillery brigade, an ACW regiment, and a helicopter regiment. A group army is a major Chinese military formation, which is usually composed of an armored division, mechanized infantry division, artillery brigade, air defense brigade and aviation regiment. The 39th Group Army was a Category A unit.

39th Army - Early History

The predecessor of the 39th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 2nd Column of the Northeast Field Army. The column was developed by some troops of the 15th Corps of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army.

On August 25, 1937, the Red 15th Army was reorganized into the 344th Brigade of the 115th Division of the Eighth Route Army of the National Revolutionary Army in Biaodi Town, Sanyuan County, Northern Shaanxi. Brigadier Xu Haidong [Founding General] and Deputy Brigade Commander Huang Kecheng [Founding General]. In February 1940, it was reorganized as the Second Column of the Eighth Route Army, commander Zuo Quan (later named Yang Dezhi [General Founder] ), and political commissar Huang Kecheng [General Founder]. At the end of June, the 1st column of the 2nd column and the 6th detachment of the New Fourth Army met in the Huaibei area and were reorganized into the 4th column of the 8th Route Army. Commander Peng Xuefeng [Sacrifice in September 1944, 37 years old], Political Commissioner Huang Kecheng [Founding General]. In July, part one of the 2nd column was combined with Longhai Nanjin detachment and other local detachments to form the 5th column of the Eighth Route Army. After the "Southern Anhui Incident" in January 1941, it was reorganized into the 3rd Division of the New Fourth Army, which governed the 7th, 8th, and 9th Brigade.

In July of the same year, it participated in the anti-sweep campaign centered on Yancheng, Jiangsu. In September, the 9th Brigade was transferred to the 4th Division and the 10th Brigade was transferred to the 3rd Division. In October 1942, the administration of troops was simplified, and the four main regiments were changed into local armed forces. The main forces participated in the anti-sweeping campaign in the Huaihai District. In the same winter, the 3rd Division and North Jiangsu Military Region. In the spring of 1943, it participated in the anti-sweep campaign in Yanfu District. In 1944, it participated in the battle of Gaokou and Yangkou. In April 1945, the 10th Brigade and Huai Naval Division, an independent brigade went to Anhui, under the command of the 7th Division. In the strategic counterattack of the Anti-Japanese War, the 3rd Division conquered Funing County and participated in the Battle of Huaiyin and Huaiyin. In October 1945, the 3rd Division of the New Fourth Army was ordered to advance into the Northeast. At the end of November, it arrived in the Jinzhou area and returned to the Northeast People's Autonomous Army. In January 1946, it was renamed the 3rd Division of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army. It had jurisdiction over the 3rd, 7th, 8th, and 10th Brigade, Independent Brigade, and Divisional Special Service Corps, with a total of more than 37,000 personnel. The division commander and political commissar Huang Kecheng [Founding General].

In the Liaoxi attack against the Kuomintang army, it won victories in battles such as Xiushuihezi and Zhechi, opened up the Ximan base, and controlled the railway line from Changchun to Baicheng, Tongliao through Zhengjiatun to Qiqihar and the vast areas of Ximan. After that, two months of fighting in the Siping area blocked the fighting, and annihilated the main force of the 87th Division of the 71st Army of the Kuomintang Army that attacked Siping. In August 1946, the Ximan Military Region was established with the first division of the division, commander Huang Kecheng [general], and political commissar Li Fuchun. In September, the division’s main force was reorganized into the 2nd column of the Northeast Democratic Alliance, Liu Zhen [General of the Founding State] served as commander, and Wu Faxian [Lieutenant of the Founding State]As a political commissar and director of the political department, Wu Xinquan [Lieutenant General of the Founding State] served as deputy commander and chief of staff. The 8th Brigade was reorganized into the 4th Division; the 10th Brigade was reorganized into the 5th Division; the Independent Brigade was reorganized into the 6th Division.

There were about 30,000 people in the whole column. The 7th Brigade was reorganized as the 16th Division into the 6th Column. In the spring of 1947, it participated in the three battles of Jiangnan, and attacked the enemy in the area between Changchun, Dehui and Nong'an. In April, the 2nd column of the editor of the independent 1st division. Starting in May, three successive offensives were launched in summer, autumn, and winter, leading the war to the Kuomintang ruled area. In January 1948, the Northeast Democratic Coalition was renamed the Northeast People's Liberation Army, and the number of the 2nd column remained unchanged. In August, the 2nd Command Post in the front of the Northeast Military Region was renamed the 2nd Corps Department of the Northeast Field Army, and the 2nd Column was under the formation of the 2nd Corps. In September, the Northeast People's Liberation Army launched the Liaoshen Battle. The 2nd Column first participated in the Jinzhou battle, then returned to the division to go north, and together with the siblings to annihilate Liao Yaoxiang Corps in the west of Liaoning.

On November 1, 1948, the 2nd Column was renamed the 39th Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Infantry, Liu Zhen [General] served as the commander of the army, Wu Fazhan [Lieutenant General] served as the political commissar, and Wu Xinquan [Lieutenant General] served as the deputy commander Wang Liangtai [Major General] served as chief of staff, Li Xuesan [Lieutenant General] served as director of the Political Department, and Wu Ruiqing served as Minister of Logistics. The original 4th Division was renamed 115th Division, Hu Jicheng [Major] served as the division chief, Li Shian [Major] served as the political committee; the 5th Division was renamed 116th Division, Wu Guozhang served as the division chief, and Shi Ying [Major Founder] was the political committee; The 6th Division was renamed the 117th Division, Zhang Jingcheng [Major General] any commanders, Shao-Yuan [Major General] appointed political commissar; Northeast People's Liberation Army independent of the 7th Division redeploy the military establishment, renamed the 152 division, Luo Huasheng [Major General], Qiu Ziming ?Major General] political commissar On December 1st, it joined the division to participate in the Battle of Pingjin. In the battle for the liberation of Tianjin, the 39th Army served as the main task in the direction of Hepingmen.

In April 1949, the 14th Corps was formed by the Northeast Military Region Training Command, and the 39th Corps was subordinate to the 14th Corps. At the end of April, the 39th Army departed from the Wuqing area of Hebei to advance toward Central and South China. In early July, it entered Yichang, Shashi, and Jiangling areas of Hubei, crossed the Yangtze River, and was reorganized into the 13th Corps. After marching into Xiangxi, it participated in the Battle of Hengbao, then went straight to Liuzhou, liberated Nanning, and liberated the south of the town (Friendship) on December 11. At the same time, the 152nd Division was changed to the Nanning Army Division and was separated from the 39th Army. During the War of Liberation, the 39th Army emerged many famous fighting heroes such as Liang Shiying, Wang Fengjiang, Huang Daxuan, and many heroic collectives such as "Overcoming Jinzhou Pioneer Company".

On July 2, 1950, the 39th Army was ordered to go north. On July 4, it went to the northeast and stationed in Liaoyang and Haicheng.

In October 1950, the 39th Army was reorganized into the 39th Army of the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. Commander Wu Xinquan [Lieutenant General] and Political Committee Xu Binzhou [Lieutenant General]. On October 21, went to North Korea to participate in the war. On November 1, it encountered the enemy during the march, fought the first battle abroad in the Yunshan area, annihilated the 8th Wing of the 1st Division of the US Cavalry and the 12th Regiment of the 1st Division of the South Korean Army and two artillery units The battalion, a chariot company, killed more than 2,000 people. At the end of November, the Volunteers launched a second battle. The 39th Army first blocked the enemy of the northern criminals in Mingtang Cave, the upper and lower Jiudong areas south of Yunshan, and then transferred to the counterattack and chase with the comrade forces, recovering Pyongyang and "March 8" area.

At the end of December, the Volunteers launched their third battle. The 39th Army broke through the enemy's Linjin River defense line east of Gaolang Puli, liberated Seoul, occupied Suwon, and regained the vast area north of the March 8th line with friendly forces. In February 1951, the Volunteers conducted the fourth battle, and the 39th Army (owing to the 117th Division) served as the Eastern Front Anti-Assault Group Battle Reserve. The 117th Division was commanded by friendly forces and served as a battle interdiction mission. It inserted the enemy at a depth of 38 kilometers at night, seized the main points, cut off the enemy's retreat, and cooperated with your neighbors to annihilate the 3rd Regiment of the 8th Army of the South Korean Army and the 2nd Division of the US Army.

In mid-February, the 39th Army organized a movement defense operation in the Hongchuan area. It fought hard for 40 days and nights, and within a depth of 50 kilometers, it stubbornly fought against the 1st Division, 24th Division, the 27th Brigade of the British Cavalry, and the South Korean Army 6 The division's attack consumed and exhausted the enemy, and created favorable conditions for the next battle. In April 1951, the Volunteer Army launched its fifth battle. The 39th Army was under the command of the 9th Corps and served as a cover task to ensure the safety of the main left wing of the Corps. At the end of April, the 39th Corps (owing to 117th Division) was under the command of the 3rd Corps, and served as a reserve mission. After the battle, it moved north into Sichuan to rest.

In November, the 39th Army was under the command of the 19th Regiment, taking over the defensive tasks of the 47th Army on both sides of the Linjin River. In the 340-day defensive operations, the strategic policy of "persistent combat and active defense" was implemented, relying on a solid defensive position, smashing hundreds of enemy attacks, at the same time, extensively carried out small unit activities, actively organized tactical counterattacks, and occupied buffer The 11 highlands in the area expanded the position area, stabilized the defensive posture, and cooperated with the truce negotiations. During the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, many heroes such as Ni Xiangming, Gao Yunhe and many other heroes and "Breakthrough Linjinjiang Hero Company" emerged.

On December 18, 1952, it moved to the west coast and participated in the preparations for the anti-landfall preparation on the west coast. Returned to China in May 1953.

Recent Activities

A new round of military personnel changes since April 2010 was completed ahead of the 83rd anniversary of the foundation of PLA, which was 01 August 2010, and many younger officers stepped into the spotlight. Zhang Lieying, the commissar of No. 39 Group Army, was promoted to director of the political department, Jinan Military Command. The promotion of Party officers in military departments was just a normal personnel adjustment, given the fact that all of those promoted had already met with relevant requirements.

The designation of China's group army is no longer confidential information to the public as of Jan. 15, 2013, reported by CCTV news Tuesday. CCTV military channel announced through Weibo that, "The designation of group army is unveiled as of today". According to the information, the designation of PLA group army can be used to the public instead of referred to as "a group army" This act indicates " more open presentation of Chinese army"

The news which unveiled the designation of the group army for the first time was with the headline "Snipers in the 39th Group Army conducts drill" The news also showed the subtitle of "a soldiers with the 39th Group Army" when soldier Liu Shan and An Shifu were interviewed. At the same time, "Gao Wei, the deputy battalion commander of the 39th Group Army" accepted interview. "How do snipers practice shooting with great precision in such severe coldness. The reporter has witnessed snipers from the 39th Group Army in the Shenyang military area having military drill under the severely cold condition", CTV military news reported. This is the first time that the designation of a group army was exposed to the public.

The move replaced the former practice of sidestepping the designation by Chinese media when reporting news about a particular group army of the PLA ground force, according to China Central Television.

Chinese and Russian troops conducted their first joint exercises using live ammunition during anti-terrorism drill Peace Mission-2013 on 09 August 2013. The joint maneuvers were carried out at the Chebarkul combined training range in Russia's Ural Mountains. The troops also practised joint reconnaissance, joint block and control (of accident areas), joint strike and joint support for campaign equipment. Xinhua reporters saw a Russian Mil Mi-26 helicopter above the training ground refuel Chinese and Russian tanks and infantry fighting vehicles under covering fire. Pan Liangshi, chief officer in the Chinese campaign command and commander of the People's Liberation Army's 39th Group Army, said Chinese and Russian troops had been conducting daily coordinated exercises since the drill entered the battle planning phase and had enjoyed better cooperation. Peace Mission-2013, running from July 27 to Aug. 15, had three phases -- troop deployment, battle planning and simulated combat.

The People's Liberation Army's armored forces have begun to phase out the Type-89 (aka PTZ89) tank destroyers, as they now rely on weapons that are more powerful and effective, such as anti-tank missiles and attack helicopters. PLA Daily, the Chinese military's flagship newspaper, published a photo showing a line of 18 self-propelled guns traveling out of a military base of the PLA Shenyang Military Command's 39th Group Army. A ceremony was held by the army's artillery regiment on 03 November 2015 to mark the guns' withdrawal after 24 years in active service, according to the newspaper.

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:12 ZULU