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38th Mechanized Group Army

The 38th Mechanized Group Army is located at Baoding and is comprised of an armored division, three mechanized infantry divisions, an artillery brigade, a mechanized air defense brigade and an aviation regiment in addition to various support and logistics units.

Originally established as the 38th Corps under the Fourth Field Army in early 1949. The 38th can trace its lineage back to the late 1920s thru its evolution from the 343rd Brigade. In 1949 the 38th Corps was comprised of the 112th, 113th and 114th Divisions. Under Lin Biao in mid-June 1949 the 38th took part in the campaign to take Southern China and encircled Ich'ang, Hupei and seized the city. The 38th fought in Korea and returned to China in 1953, remaining in Manchuria to reinforce the Fourth Field Army.

38th Army - Early History

The predecessor of the 38th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 1st Column of the Northeast Field Army. The column was a force developed with the Chinese Red Army as the backbone.

The first column of the Northeast Field Army was formed in August 1946 with the original Shandong Division 1, 2 Division and Binhai Detachment. Commander Wan Yi and deputy political commissar Zhou Chiping. In February 1947, Li Tianyou transferred any longitudinal commander, Wan Yi served as political commissar, and Liang Biye as deputy political commissar. After Wan Yi adjusted five times, Liang Biye took over as political commissar.

Since joining the Xiushuihezi annihilation battle, one vertical force had been the main force in major battles of the Northeast Liberation War. It was the army with the largest number of people in the northeast, the best equipment, and the strongest combat effectiveness.

The predecessor of the 334th Regiment of the army was one of the Red 5th Army formed after the successful Pingjiang Uprising led by Peng Dehuai and Teng Daiyuan in July 1928. When the Long March arrived in northern Shaanxi, its designation was the 10th Regiment of the 4th Division of the Red 1st Army.

The predecessor of its 338th Regiment was part of the 75th Division of the Red 25th Army reconstructed by Wu Huanxian and Wang Pingzhang in November 1932. When the Long March arrived in northern Shaanxi, its designation was the 223rd Regiment of the 75th Division of the Red 15th Army.

In August 1937, the two regiments were reorganized into the 1st Battalion of the 686th Regiment, 686th Regiment, the 115th Division of the Eighth Route Army, and the 1st Battalion of the 688th Regiment, 344th Brigade. The 335th Regiment and 337th Regiment of the Army were formerly the Red Army cadres and backbone of the Eighth Route Army 343rd Brigade, the 685th Regiment, the New Second Battalion, and the 343rd Brigade Supplementary Regiment. In the early days of the Anti-Japanese War, the above-mentioned troops fought arduously in the Jin-Ji-He region. Since 1939, it had entered Shandong and North Jiangsu. After that, it fought for a long time in the North Jiangsu, Lunan, and Binhai battlefields, and developed into the 4th, 6th, 13th, and 23rd Regiments of the Shandong Military Region.

In August 1945, the 6th, 13th Regiment and the Independent 3rd Regiment of the Binhai Military Region were incorporated into the 1st Division of the Shandong Liberation Army; the 4th, 23rd Regiment and the Independent 1st Regiment of the Binhai Military Region were incorporated into the 2nd Division of the Shandong Liberation Army. This was the predecessor of the two divisions of the 38th Army.

The predecessor of another division of the 38th Army was the Northeast Advancement Column formed by the Binhai Detachment of the Shandong Military Region and some local armed forces in August 1945.

During the War of Resistance Against Japan, these troops participated in more than 700 battles in Pingxingguan, Fen (Yang) Li (Shi) Highway, Lufang, Baiyan, Chendaokou, Tancheng, Ganyu, etc., and killed and captured the Japanese puppet army.

Over 10,000 people emerged many heroic units such as "Tancheng Battle Model Company", "He Wanxiang Company", "An Dong Wei Company", and a large number of heroes such as Zhang Guilin, He Wanxiang, Zhong Jiaquan and others.

In September 1945, the 1st, 2nd Division of the Shandong Liberation Army and the Northeast Advance Column went to Northeast from land and sea respectively. To the northeast, Shandong PLA 1, the 2 division were renamed the Northeast Democratic coalition forces directly under the first 1, second 2 division; Northeast renamed into the column Northeast Democratic coalition of the 7 column. At that time, although Japan had surrendered, the activities of the remnants of the enemy and the puppets, the bandits, and the landlords in the northeast were rampant, and the social order was extremely chaotic. The Kuomintang also began bringing troops from the sea and air to snatch the fruits of victory. The 1st, 2nd Division of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army and the 7th Column of the Northeast Democratic Coalition Army went to and from Shenyang, Tonghua, Jilin, Changchun, Faku and other places. France, the new station and other chasing the bandits and fighting against the Kuomintang army in self-defense.

In late June 1946, the Kuomintang launched a full-scale civil war and the National Liberation War began. In order to meet operational needs, in August, the Northeast Democratic coalition forces directly under the 1st, 2nd Division and the Northeast Democratic coalition 7th column part of the troops, in Jilin Dun regional cooperation grouping into the Northeast Democratic coalition first column to the seventh column leading organs to Its leading organ; Wan Yi served as commander, Li Zuopeng served as deputy commander and chief of staff, Liang Xingchu served as deputy commander, and Zhou Chiping served as deputy political committee member and director of the political department. The first and second divisions of the former Northeast Democratic Coalition Army were renamed as the first and second divisions of the first column; the 19th brigade and the 58th regiment of the 20th brigade were reorganized as the third division.

After the formation of the 1st column, it participated in battles such as three-time Jiangnan, four-war Siping, Liaoxi battle, and capture of Shenyang.

In January 1948, the Northeast Democratic Alliance was renamed the Northeast Liberation Army, and the number of the 1st column remained unchanged. In November, according to the order of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China regarding the unification of the whole army and the designation of the troops, the 1st column of the Northeast People's Liberation Army was renamed the 38th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, which was formed by the 13th Corps of the Fourth Field Army. Cao Lihuai was also the deputy army chief and chief of staff. Li Shengping was also the minister of logistics. The first division was renamed as the 112th division, Jiang Yonghui as the division, and Huang Yukun as the political committee; the 2nd division was renamed the 113th division, He Dongsheng was the division, and Wang Shujun was the political committee; the third division was renamed the 114th division, and Liu Xianquan was the division. Guoan serves as a political commissar. At the same time, the 10th Independent Division of the North Liaoning Military Region was assigned to the 38th Military System, renamed the 151st Division, Zhao Dong was the responsible division commander, and Cai Ming was the deputy political commissar (not appointed by the political commissar). At this time, the 38th Army had nearly 50,000 people, and had artillery, engineering, and automobile troops.

In the Battle of Pingjin, the 38th Army took the lead in attacking Tianjin. It first broke through the city defense of Tianjin and captured Jintangqiao, annihilated more than 27,000 Kuomintang troops, and captured 5 generals including Chen Changjie, the defensive commander of the Kuomintang army and commander of the garrison command. Then it swept south and marched southward to participate in battles in Yi (Chang) Sha (City), Southwest Hunan, and Guangxi. The 114th and 151st Divisions were also assigned to the 4th Regiment of the 2nd Field Army to participate in the Battle of South Yunnan in the southwest of the enlargement. After the Battle of Southern Yunnan, the 151st Division was transferred to the Guangxi Military Region to form the system; the 114th Division returned to Xiangxi to participate in the bandit war.

During the National Liberation War, the 38th Army fought from the Songhua River, the northernmost part of the motherland, to the Red River Bridge at the border between China and Vietnam in the southern Xinjiang. It fought more than 170 times and fought in Heihe, Ji, Liao, Re, Ji, Jin and Lu. It had 13 provinces and cities in Henan, Hubei, Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Guizhou, and Yunnan, and had more than 100 cities of various sizes. "Comprehensive Model Company", "Siping Commando", "Brave Assault Company", "Li Wencai Company", "Tianjin Campaign Sanhao Company", "Luxi Combat Model Company", "Marching into Guangxi Combat Model Company" 195 heroic model units such as "Into the Battle Model Company of Southern Yunnan" and 628 heroic models including Cao Wei, Wang Xilan, Li Wencai, Bai Yuqing, Guo Shoude, Lu Xiqin, Cong Gui, Cui Yongfeng and Li Xiucan.

In October 1950, the 38th Army edited the 38th Army of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea. Commander Liang Xingchu, political commissar Liu Xiyuan; governs the 112th, 113th, and 114th Divisions, and had participated in the first, second, third, and fourth battles and position counterattacks, as well as West Coast anti-landing preparations, in 1953 Return to the motherland in July.

The 38th Army successfully completed various tasks in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea. Three companies were awarded the title of "Class 2 Combat Hero Company" and special merits by the headquarters of the Volunteer Army. Headquarters awarded Cao Yuhai and Guo Zhongtian who were awarded the title of "First Class Battle Hero" and special merits, and 14 hero models such as Chen Ji and Xu Henglu who were awarded the title of "Second Battle Hero" and special merits.

The 38th Army performed best in the second battle. After encircling and destroying the enemy of Tokugawa, the 113th Division walked more than 70 kilometers in 14 hours and inserted it into Sansuoli and Longyuan in the south of the price river. The rest of the people made significant contributions to the victory of the battle, repelled the enemy troops to the "38th line", and reversed the Korean war. In response, the commander of the Volunteer Army Peng Dehuai praised the telegram and wrote at the end of the telegram, "Long live the Chinese People's Volunteer Army! Long live the 38th Army!"

Recent Activities

In 1967 during the Cultural Revolution, the 38th was relocated to the Hopeh area to replace the 65th Corps. In 1968 the 38th was involved in clashes with elements of the Hopeh Military District over differences in revolutionary fervor. [Jencks p. 103]

In a stunning rebuke to his superiors, in mid-1989 Maj. Gen. Xu Qinxian, commander of the 38th Group Army, said the Tiananmen protests were a political problem and should be settled through negotiations, not force. Although General Xu was soon arrested, his defiance sent shudders through the party establishment, fueling fears of a military revolt. Officers of the 38th were assembled to condemn their former commander and pledge unyielding obedience in enforcing martial law.

An unidentified mechanized division (probably from the 38th Group Army) conducted an opposed force exercise in mid-August 2002. It is believed that the exercise may have taken place at the MR CAT Base near the Great Wall. The unit used more than ten new systems including new mine clearing vehicles, infantry fighting vehicles and tanks. The unit is reported to be one of the first mechanized infantry divisions in the PLA. [Liberation Army Daily 6 Sep 2002 (PLA Activities Report Sep 2002)]

According to the December 2002 PLA Activities Report the U.I Mechanized Air Defense Brigade (Unit 66440) assigned to the 38th Group Army recently improved its tactics and methods of defending against cruise missile attacks. This consisted of improving the units fire-control systems and detection capabilities.

The Mechanized Air Defense Brigade, Unit 66440, reportedly retrofitted its field command modules to provide command platforms with geographic information, air service information, battlefield monitoring and digital transmission, enhancing the units command and control capability and ability to conduct accurate air defense. The unit conducted several exercises in 2002 including a live-fire exercise. [Beijing MR Zhanyou Bao 11 Jan 2003 (PLA Activities Report Jan 2003)]



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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:12 ZULU