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Military


31st Group Army

The 31st Group Army, headquartered at Xiamen, is comprised of two divisions, the 86th Infantry Division and the 91st Motorized Infantry Division. The group army is also comprised of five independent brigades including an armored brigade, an air defense brigade, a surface-to-air missile regiment, an artillery regiment, and an engineer regiment.

The 31st Group Army was considered a Category A unit.

31st Army - Early History

The predecessor of the 31st Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 13th Column of the East China Field Army. The column was developed by some troops from the Jiaodong Military Region under the East China Military Region during the Liberation War.

In February 1947, in order to defend the Jiaodong Liberation Area and fight against the Kuomintang's offensive, the East China Military Region formed the 6th Division of the Jiaodong Military Region Special Mission Regiment and an independent regiment each from the Binbei and Eastern Navy divisions. In April, the 6th Division was renamed the 5th Division, and the 6th Division was formed with an independent regiment in the Xihai and North Navy divisions and the Independent National Corps of the Democratic National Salvation Army. In September, the 7th Division was formed by an independent regiment in each of the Beihai, Binhai, and East Navy divisions. After the establishment of the divisions, under the command of the front line headquarters of the Jiaodong Military Region, they successively participated in the battles of the Shahe pursuit, the eastern section of the Jiaoji Road, and Taibaozhuang, and actively cooperated with the main operations of the East China Field Army.

In late August, the frontline headquarters and affiliated troops of the Jiaodong Military Region were reorganized into the 13th column of the East China Field Army, with a total of more than 23,000 people, and were affiliated with the East (East) Line Corps of the East China Field Army. Zhou Zhijian served as commander, Liao Haiguang served as political commissar, Teng Haiqing served as deputy commander, Chen Huatang served as deputy political commissar and director of the political department, and Li Youzhang served as chief of staff. The 5th, 6th, and 7th divisions were renamed the 37th, 38th, and 39th divisions in sequence. In September, it participated in the Jiaodong defense battle and used the movement defense to prevent the Kuomintang army from invading the Jiaodong hinterland again. By December, it had annihilated more than 20,000 Kuomintang troops.

In the spring of 1948, it turned to rest and launched a new army consolidation movement. In April, it moved to the middle section of Jiaoji Road and participated in the Battle of Wei County. It cooperated with the comrades to resist the reinforcement of Jinan and Qingdao Kuomintang troops on the east and west lines of Wei County, ensuring the victory of the siege battle. In May, it moved westward to participate in the battle of the middle section of Jinpu Road. In early July, together with the 7th Column, they conquered Yanzhou and destroyed more than 16,000 troops.

In September, it participated in the Battle of Jinan, collaborated with his comrades, seized the commercial port, broke through the outer city, and attacked the inner city. It fought for 8 days and nights continuously, and the army garrisoned and defended more than 15,000 people. During the battle, Xu Haishan, political commissar of the 37th Division, died. The 109th Regiment of the division first broke through the southwestern city wall, and the Central Military Commission awarded the honorary title of "Jinan Second Regiment" after the war. In November, it participated in the Battle of Huaihai, captured the eight episodes of Cao, and cooperated with his comrades to annihilate Huang Baitao Corps. Subsequently, they cooperated with the forces of the Jianghuai Military Region to liberate Lingbi and pursue Li Yannian. Liu Ruming Corps. In early December, it participated in the siege of the Huangwei Corps and contributed to the victory of the battle.

In February 1949, in accordance with the Central Military Commissionís order to unify the whole armyís establishment and troop designation, the 13th Corps of the East China Field Army was renamed the 31st Army of the Chinese Peopleís Liberation Army and was affiliated with the 10th Corps of the Third Field Army. Zhou Zhijian served as military commander, Chen Huatang served as political commissar, Yao Yunliang served as deputy military commander, Li Youzhang served as chief of staff, and Fang Zhongduo served as director of the political department. The 37th Division was renamed the 91st Division, Gorui was the division head, and Zhang Yingbo was the political commissar; the 38th Division was renamed the 92nd Division, Xu Tishan was the division chief, and Zhang Ying was the political commissar;, Yu Ming served as a political commissar. There were more than 32,000 people in the army.

In April, it took part in the battle of crossing the river. After landing on the Jingjiang River, it controlled Jiangyin, occupied Wujin (Changzhou), cooperated with his comrades, captured Yixing, cut off the escape route of the Kuomintang troops in Nanjing and Zhenjiang, and encircled the Kuomintang army who fleeed south. In Guangde area, more than 17,000 people of the Kuomintang army were captured. In May, it participated in the Battle of Shanghai. Under the command of the 9th Corps, it and his comrades captured the Pudong area and broke off the enemy's sea retreat. In the battles of Tongpu and Gaoqiao, more than 17,000 Kuomintang troops were captured. In July, marching towards Fujian, under the command of the 10th Corps, participated in the battles of Fuzhou and Zhangxia successively, and in the battle to liberate Fujian province, annihilated more than 37,000 Kuomintang troops. In November of the same year, Gao Rui served as the chief of staff of the army. On May 11, 1950, the 91st Division, with the cooperation of the 94th Division, liberated Dongshan Island. In May 1952, it returned to the leadership of the Fujian Military Region.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the 31st Army was stationed in Xiamen, Fujian for a long time. In July 1953, more than 12,000 people from the Humen Department of the Golden Gate Kuomintang Army attacked Dongshan Island. The PLA island guards repelled the enemy with the support of the 31st, 28th, and 41st Corps and annihilated more than 3,000 people. This was the biggest victory the army had achieved in its campaign against the KMTís military criminals. In 1958, the military artillery units participated in the famous "Eighth, Second and Third Kinmen Artillery Battle", and the army also assumed the task of bombarding Kinmen and Matsu in the future. Until New Year ís Day in 1979, Minister of Defense Xu Qianqian issued a statement announcing the ceased bombardment of islands such as Dajinmen, Xiaojinmen, Dadan and Erdan.

The 31st Army Headquarters was located in Xiamen, Fujian Province. The original unit was code-named 32404, which was adapted from the 31st Army in 1985. It had four infantry divisions under the 91st, 92nd, 93rd Division and the 86th Division of the former 29th Army. It was incorporated into the Tank Brigade, Artillery Brigade (formerly Artillery 3rd Division) and Anti-aircraft Brigade. After the 1990s, the 93rd Infantry Division of the 31st Army was changed to the Armed Police Mobile Division in 1996.

In 1998, the group army participated in the Jiujiang flood relief. The 2nd Battalion of the 275th Regiment of the 92nd Infantry Division was awarded the honorary title of "Hero Rescue Hero Battalion" by the Central Military Commission. Afterwards, the 92nd Infantry Division was changed to the Motor Infantry Brigade, the Tank Brigade was reorganized into an Amphibious Armored Brigade, and the Anti-aircraft Brigade was converted to an Air Defense Brigade. At the National Day parade in 1999, the 35mm anti-aircraft guns of the 31st Army formed the 15th side of the vehicle. Since 1995, the group army had participated in many large-scale landing exercises on Dongshan Island, such as "Success 5" in November 1995, "United 96" in March 1996, and "Liberation" in June 2001. "One" and other joint military exercises. The current military commander Zhao Keshi, political commissar Li Changcai.

Former naval commander Zhang Lianzhong, former Beijing military commander Wang Chengbin, and former Jinan military commander Song Qingwei all came from this army.

Recent Activities

During the Korean War the 31st Corps was on of the few units to remain in China opposite Taiwan to defend against a potential US-Taiwan Invasion. The 31st was stationed in Fukien. (Whitson)

Elements of the 31st Group Army took part in the Jinmen and Mazu artillery exhange that took part in 1958.

From mid-July 1991 thru May 1992 elements of the 31st Group Army conducted a variety of exercises and operations in the Nanjing Military Region according to the Chinese Council of Advanced Politics. In mid-July 1991 in the Longhai area of Fujian Province, a regiment from the 91st Division conducted routine training and armed swimming training in an effort to improve the units amphibious warfare capability. [Yang 1993]

Also in July 1991, the reconnaissance battalion of the 86th Infantry Division along with soldiers from the Zhugong area conducted similar training in the Xiaocheng and Dacheng areas Lianjiang Xian, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]

In early October 1991 the 258th Regiment of the 86th Infantry Division, along with units from various military sub-districts, conducted defensive exercises and combined militia exercises in the Banding Area, Lianjiang Xian, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]

In mid October thru early November 1991 the 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions (since disbanded) of the 31st Group Army conducted routine training and field training activities in the Fuzhou area of Changpu and Nanan. [Yang 1993]

In early April 1992 the signal corps of the 31st Signal Regiment conducted routine training and an overall signal training and evaluation between veterans and replacements in Xiamen, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]

Elements of the 31st Group Army took part in Exercise 96-1, the military exercises that took place in the Taiwan Straits in 1996.



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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:11 ZULU