31st Group Army
The 31st Group Army, headquartered at Xiamen, is comprised of two divisions, the 86th Infantry Division and the 91st Motorized Infantry Division. The group army is also comprised of five independent brigades including an armored brigade, an air defense brigade, a surface-to-air missile regiment, an artillery regiment, and an engineer regiment.
The 31st Group Army is considered a Category A unit.
The 31st Group Army traces its lineage to the Shantung Column of the Shantung Military Region which was formed around 1941. By 1945 the column had been reorganized and redesignated into several military districts, including the Chiao-Tung Military District. By 1946, elements of the Chiao-TUng MD were reorganized and redesignated 9th and 13th Columns. The 13th Column, commanded by Chou Chih-chien was comprised of three divisions, including the 37th, 38th, and 39th. In the mid-to-late 1940s the 13th Column was reorganized and redesignated as the 31st Corps, also commanded by Chou Chih-chien. The 31sr Corps was comprised of the 91st, 92nd and 93rd Divisions. (Whitson)
In late 1949 the 31st Corps, under the 10th Army, took part in the Chekiang and Fukien Campaign conducting operations against or near Nanp'ing, Kut'ien and the Changchou-Amoy area. (Whitson)
During the Korean War the 31st Corps was on of the few units to remain in China opposite Taiwan to defend against a potential US-Taiwan Invasion. The 31st was stationed in Fukien. (Whitson)
Elements of the 31st Group Army took part in the Jinmen and Mazu artillery exhange that took part in 1958.
From mid-July 1991 thru May 1992 elements of the 31st Group Army conducted a variety of exercises and operations in the Nanjing Military Region according to the Chinese Council of Advanced Politics. In mid-July 1991 in the Longhai area of Fujian Province, a regiment from the 91st Division conducted routine training and armed swimming training in an effort to improve the units amphibious warfare capability. [Yang 1993]
Also in July 1991, the reconnaissance battalion of the 86th Infantry Division along with soldiers from the Zhugong area conducted similar training in the Xiaocheng and Dacheng areas Lianjiang Xian, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]
In early October 1991 the 258th Regiment of the 86th Infantry Division, along with units from various military sub-districts, conducted defensive exercises and combined militia exercises in the Banding Area, Lianjiang Xian, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]
In mid October thru early November 1991 the 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions (since disbanded) of the 31st Group Army conducted routine training and field training activities in the Fuzhou area of Changpu and Nanan. [Yang 1993]
In early April 1992 the signal corps of the 31st Signal Regiment conducted routine training and an overall signal training and evaluation between veterans and replacements in Xiamen, Fujian Province. [Yang 1993]
Elements of the 31st Group Army took part in Exercise 96-1, the military exercises that took place in the Taiwan Straits in 1996.
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