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26th Group Army

The 26th Group Army traces its lineage to the 26th Corps of the Third Field Army. The 26th Corps was activated in 1949 and was comprised of the 76th, 77th and 78th Divisions. It was deployed to Korea in October 1950 and returned to Shandong following the end of the war.

26th Army - Early History

The predecessor of the 26th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 8th Column of the East China Field Army. The column was developed by some troops from the Luzhong Military Region, which belongs to the Eighth Route Army Shandong Military Region.

On January 1, 1938, the Shandong Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China led the Ulai Mountain Uprising and established the 4th Detachment of the Eighth Route Army Shandong People's Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Army. Hong Tao served as commander and Li Yu also served as political commissar. Subsequently, the fourth detachment developed anti-Japanese armed forces to the north and south. In December, the detachment was reorganized as the fourth detachment of Shandong column. At the same time, the 7th, 8th and 5th detachments entered the Luzhong area from the Qinghe and Jiaodong areas. The Shandong branch of the Communist Party of China and the leading organization of the Shandong column also entered the Yimeng mountainous area from the Taishan area.

Since then, Luzhong became the central area of the Anti-Japanese War in Shandong. In September, the troops in the Luzhong area were organized as the 1st and 4th Brigade of Shandong Column. In August 1942, the Shandong Military Region of the Eighth Route Army established the Luzhong Military Region. Wang Jianan served as commander and Luo Shun served as the political commissar. He had jurisdiction over the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th military divisions.

In August 1945, the Shandong Army was reorganized, and the 1st and 4th Brigade were the 3rd and 4th Division. The various military divisions and counties in Luzhong formed the first, second, third, and fourth brigades of the garrison. In November, the 3rd Division, the 1st Brigade of Police 1 and the majority of the 3rd Brigade of Police were transferred to the Northeast. The 2nd Division was formed with the 2nd Brigade of Police 2 and the 3rd Brigade of the Luzhong Military Region;, 2nd Brigade. The troops of the Luzhong Military Region first participated in the battle of Jinpu Road, and cooperated with the comrades to break the plan of the Kuomintang army from Xuzhou along Jinpu Road to the north and northeast of China. The important strongholds of Zhangdian and Zhoucun have integrated the two liberated areas of Luzhong and Bohai.

In June 1946, a civil war broke out. The Kuomintang troops marched along the Jiaoji line from Jinan and Weixian to attack the liberated area of Zibo. The troops of the Luzhong Military Region participated in the fighting in the western section of the Jiaoji Road, the fighting in the Zibo area, and the fighting in Wen, Bu, Xipodi, Weishan and Anqiu. In December 1946, the troops of the Luzhong Military Region participated in the Battle of Lunan, and cooperated closely with the sibling forces to completely wipe out the 1st rapid column of the Kuomintang Army and other departments and won the battle of Lunan.

In December 1947, the Shandong Field Army and the Central China Field Army were unified into the East China Field Army, and the main forces of the Luzhong Military Region were integrated into the 8th Column of the East China Field Army. Wang Jianan served as commander and Xiang Ming as political commissar. The column had three divisions and an artillery regiment. The 4th Division of the Luzhong Military Region was renamed the 22nd Division, the 9th Division was renamed the 23rd Division, and the Luzhong Military Region Police Brigade was renamed the 24th Division. There were 33,000 people in the whole column.

After the formation of the 8th Column, they entered the large corps and participated in the Battle of Laiwu. They wiped out the 77th Division of the 73rd Army of the Kuomintang Army in Hezhuang and Immovable Regions. Li Xianzhou Group of Suijing District. In April, it participated in the Battle of Taimeng and blocked in the Mengshan area of Fei County. In May, in the battle of Meng Lianggu, it served as a left-wing detour task, captured the main points of Taohua Mountain and Leishi Mountain, and made contributions to the 74th Division of the entire reorganization of the Kuomintang Army. In June, more than 3,000 Kuomintang troops were wiped out during the Yiyuan blockade.

In July 1947, the Kuomintang army switched from a strategic offensive to a strategic defense. The 8th Column moved from the inside to the outside, and moved out of the Jinpu Line to the southwest of Shandong. In September, participated in the battle of the sand and soil collection and the battle of the soil collection. In late September, it entered the border areas of Henan, Anhui and Soviets and swept the Kuomintang security forces. In November, participated in the Longhai Railway Breaking Battle. From December to February 1948, a new army consolidation campaign was conducted. During this period, in order to cooperate with the sibling forces in the Pinghan Road breakout battle, the KMT’s 5th Army was prevented from rebuilding the West for many times, and more than 2,300 enemies were annihilated. In order to open up new areas and strengthen the construction of local government, the 24th Division Division Headquarters and the 71st Regiment of the Division were transferred to the area west of Xuchang to form the 5th Army Division of the Yu Ansu Soviet Military Region. The 70th Regiment of the division was assigned to the 22nd Division.

The 72nd Regiment was changed to a column of secret agents. In March, it participated in the Battle of Luoyang and blocked the east aid of the Zhengzhou Kuomintang army in the front line of Toshiba Town, Shanshen Temple and Didong in Luoyang, which guaranteed the victory of the Battle of Luoyang. In May, in cooperation with the Central Plains Field Army in the Battle of Wanxi, they first fought in the Fangcheng and Biyang areas, and then rushed to Xuchang to wipe out the 21st Brigade of Henan Security Independence and captured more than 1,700 officers and soldiers under the brigade commander. At the beginning of June, during the Battle of Wandong, Yuping blocked in Xiping and Suiping. In the middle of the battle in eastern Henan, it first defeated Kaifeng with his siblings, and then served as a blocker to wipe out the remnants of the regimental regiment. In September, in the battle of Jinan, aid was made in the southwestern area of Shandong, which ensured the victory of the attack on the economy.

From November to January 1949, it participated in the Battle of Huaihai and annihilated more than 26,000 Kuomintang troops in the battle of annihilating the Huang Baitao Corps and taking charge of the south of Xuzhou to support and attack Du Yuming Group.

On January 22, 1949, the 8th Column entered the Huaiguan area to the east of Bengbu to gather and rest, and was on standby to march towards Jiangnan. In February, according to the order of the Central Military Commission, the 8th Column of the East China Field Army was renamed the 26th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and was affiliated with the 8th Regiment of the 3rd Field Army. Zhang Renchu served as military commander, and Wang Yiping served as political commissar. Chen Hong served as chief of staff, and Li Yaowen served as director of the political department. The 22nd Division was renamed the 76th Division, Gao Wenran was the division head, and Cao Punan was the political commissar. The 23rd Division was renamed the 77th Division, Wang Jianqing served as the division chief, and Dong Chao served as the political commissar. The 24th Division was built, based on its 71st Regiment and 72nd Regiment, with the 69th Regiment and the Military Special Service Corps forming the 78th Division.

Chen Zhongmei served as the division commander and Zhang Jian served as the political commissar. There were more than 22,000 people in the army. In April, to participate in the battle of crossing the river, the whole army crossed the river from Yangzhou and Hanjiang's pony horses, Wangxu and other places, chasing and destroying more than 4,000 people of the 312th Division of the Kuomintang Army in Tianwang Temple and Shangpei. In May, it participated in the liberation of Shanghai, liberated Kunshan and Jiading, captured Jiangwan Airport, entered the urban area from the north side of the Suzhou River, and wiped out 42,000 enemies. In June, it served as the Shanghai security task.

In January 1950, the 88th Division of the 30th Army should be returned to the 26th Army. It then served as a coastal defense mission in Shanghai Pudong and Chongming Island. In November 1950, the 26th Army participated in the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army’s entry into the North Korean battle. On the Korean battlefield, the army, together with its siblings, fought side by side with the Korean military and civilians, from Changjin Lake to the Han River, from the 38th parallel line to the north and south (Kang) Jin (Chemical) Front, successively participated in the second, fourth and fifth battles. In June 1952, the 26th Army returned from North Korea and had been tasked with the garrison of the Jiaodong Peninsula and the Changshan Islands in the Bohai Sea.

The headquarters of the 26th Army was located in Weifang, Shandong Province. It was originally coded as 52831. It belongs to the Jinan Military Region. It was adapted from the 26th Army of the Army in 1985., And incorporated into the 8th Division of the tank. After 1998, the 77th Division of the Infantry was changed to the Mobu Brigade, and the 8th Division of the Tank was changed to the Armored Division. After the cancellation of the original 67th Army, the 199th Infantry Division was transferred to the 26th Army, and the military headquarters was moved from Laiyang, Shandong to Weifang. The 76th Infantry Division was reorganized as the Shandong Reserve Division, and the 136th Division was reorganized as the Henan Reserve Division. The current military commander Feng Yujun, political commissar Wang Jinxiang.

After 1988, Du Tiehuan, the political commissar of the Beijing Military Region, was born in the 199th division. He served as the political commissar of the 199th division from 1984 to 1985. In addition, Zhang Zhijian, former political commissar of the Chengdu Military Region, was also born in the 67th Army. The former political commissar of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission and the political commissar of the Navy Li Yaowen were the old political commissars of the 26th Army. Liu Shutian, the political commissar of the Guangzhou Military Region, served as the political commissar of the 26th Group Army from 1988 to 1992. Liu Lifeng, the former political commissar of the Second Artillery Corps, was also an old man of the 26th Army.

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:09 ZULU