21st Group Army
The origins of the 21st Group Army can be traced to the activation of the 11th Brigade of the 4th Division around 1941 which was part of the Huai-Pei Military Region. According to William W. Whitson, in 1945 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 9th Column which was redesignated as the 2nd Column. This may be a mistake in how one reads Whitson's chart on the evolution of the Third Field Army as Whitson indicates that the 9th Column was restablished at roughly the same time and ultimately became the 27th Corps. The tracing of the 9th Column to the 2nd Column appears to be based on the carrying over of some personalities from the 9th to the 2nd.
In 1949 the 2nd Column was reorganized and redesignated as the 21st Corps under the command of T'eng Ha-ch'ing. The 21st was comprised of the 61st, 62nd and 63rd Divisions.
During the Civil War, the 21st Corps, under the Tenth Army, took part in the Chekiang and Fukien Campaign in late 1949.
The 21st Corps deployed to Korea in support of military operations there in September 1952 and upon its return to China was located in Shensi in the Beijing Military Region.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|