20th Group Army
The 20th Group Army traces its lineage to the late 1930s with the establishment of three detachments of the New Fourth Army. In 1941 these detachments were consolidated into the 1st Division based in the Su-Chang MR. In 1945 the unit was simply redesignated as the 1st Division and in 1946 the unit was reorganized and was redesignated as the 1st Column of the East China Field Army. Around 1948 the unit was again reorganized and was redesignated as the 20th Corps under Liu Fei. The 20th was comprised of the 58th, 59th and 60th Divisions.
20th Army - Early History
The predecessor of the 20th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 1st Column of the East China Field Army. On November 10, 1945, the 2nd and 4th columns of the New Fourth Army Soviet and Zhejiang Military Region and the Teaching Brigade of the Suzhong Military Region withdrew from the north of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui to form the 1st Column of the New Fourth Army in Lianshui, Jiangsu Province. Ye Fei served as commander, Lai Chuanzhu served as political commissar, Tan Qilong served as deputy political commissar and director of the political department, and He Minxue served as chief of staff. The 4th Column of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang Military Region was organized as the 1st Brigade, the Teaching Brigade of the Suzhong Military Region was the 2nd Brigade, and the 2nd Column of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang Military Region was the 3rd Brigade, with a total of more than 22,000 people. After the establishment of the column, went to Shandong to fight
Wield the leadership and take part in the Jinpu Road blockade. In Yanzhou, Tai'an, Dawenkou and other places, wipe out the Japanese puppet army and the Kuomintang army that refused to land. On January 7, 1946, it was renamed the 1st column of Shandong Field Army. In June, Tai'an and Dawenkou were recovered. In July, together with the troops of the Luzhong Military Region, in the battle against the KMT attack on Jiaoji Road, the victory of the Wenzu battle was won. Later, it was ordered to transfer to Lunan and Huaibei. In December, it participated in the Battle of Subei and cooperated with his comrades to wipe out the 69th Division of the Kuomintang Army. In January 1947; participated in the Battle of Lunan, and cooperated with the comrades to wipe out the 2 KMT troops and 1 rapid column.
In February 1947, the 1st column of Shandong Field Army was reorganized as the 1st column of East China Field Army. Ye Fei served as commander and political commissar, He Kexi served as deputy commander, Tan Qilong served as deputy political commissar, Zhang Yixiang served as chief of staff, and Tang Guanghui served as director of the political department. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Brigade were renamed the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Divisions in turn. They also governed the independent division of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Column of the Central Plains Military Region that broke through from the Central Plains to East China. In February, in the battle of Laiwu, we cooperated with the comrades to wipe out the Kuomintang army Li Xianzhou Group. In May, it participated in the battle of Meng Lianggu, took on the task of intersecting and dividing, and made contributions to the 74th Division of the entire annihilation of the Kuomintang Army. After the end of June, it attacked Lunan, Liankefei County, Yi County and Zaozhuang, and then moved to southwestern Shandong. In late September, it entered the border areas of Henan, Anhui and Su, and conquered the towns of Weishi, Xiaoling and Xiaoyao. In October, the North Dingtao area was closed. In November, it participated in the Longhai Road breakout battle, broke the Dangshan to Huangkou section of the railway, and wiped out a brigade of the Kuomintang Army in Dangshan City.
In December, it waved westward to liberate Yongcheng, Guoyang, Bo County, Zhecheng and other places. At the end of December, the independent division was reorganized under the formation of the Jinjiluyu Military Region. In February 1948, a new army consolidation campaign was conducted in Puyang, northern Henan, and some leading cadres were transferred to join an advance team to prepare to enter Jiangnan. In June, it participated in the Battle of Eastern Henan, first served as a reinforcement, and then joined the assault group, which contributed to the total annihilation of the Kuomintang Military Region Shounian Corps. In September, it participated in the Battle of Jinan and worked with his comrades as a blockade in the southwestern region of Shandong. It stood in wait and wait to ensure the victory of the Battle of Jinan. In the winter of the same year, it participated in the Huaihai Battle and first wiped out 13,000 troops of the 63rd Army of the Kuomintang Army in Yaowan, Xinyi, and then participated in a blockade to ensure that the comrades squashed the Kuomintang Huang Wei Corps and then participated in the battle of the Du Yuming Group.
In February 1949, in accordance with the Central Military Commission’s order to unify the entire army’s establishment and troop designation, the East China Field Army 1st Column was renamed the 20th Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and was formed by the 9th Corps of the Third Field Army. Liu Fei served as military commander, Chen Shifu served as political commissar, Zhang Yixiang served as deputy military commander, Tang Guanghui served as deputy political commissar and director of the political department, and Liao Zhenguo served as chief of staff. The 1st Division was renamed the 58th Division, Zeng Ruqing was the division head and political commissar; the 2nd Division was renamed the 59th Division, Cheng Yetang was the division chief, and Zhang Wenbi was the division political commissar; the 3rd Division was renamed the 60th division, Chen Ting was the division chief, and Qiu Xiangtian was the division division Division Political Committee.
There were more than 32,000 people in the army. In April, the 20th Army crossed the river south, occupied Danyang, intercepted the Nanjing-Shanghai Railway, and then followed Jintan and Liyang to pursue and evade the enemy against Guangde. One team participated in the siege of Lang (Xi) and Guang (German). In May, it participated in the Battle of Shanghai, captured Pinghu and Jinshanwei, and entered Shanghai from Longhua. After that, it served as the guard of Shanghai. In February 1950, the 89th Division of the 30th Army was transferred to the army's organizational system. During the War of Liberation, the 20th Army participated in more than 100 battles, large and small.
In October 1950, the 20th Army participated in the Chinese People's Volunteer Army's resistance to the United States and aided North Korea. In the second battle, the 20th Army divided and surrounded the enemies in the Changjin Lake area, striking the 11th Division of the US Army. In the fifth battle, 5 battalions of the 5th and 7th divisions of the South Korean Army were annihilated; defensive operations were then conducted in the Huachuan area. During the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, the 20th Army emerged heroic heroes Yang Gensi, Bu Guangde and Yu Pangong, Che Shuqin (female), Sun Zhenlu, Ren Yuxiang and other heroic heroes and heroic units such as Yanggen Silian. In October 1952, the 20th Army returned from North Korea.
In January 1955, the 20th Army, under the command of the East Zhejiang Front Command of the East China Military Region, participated in the first joint land and sea landing operation in the history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The 60th Division of the army, as an assault landing force, fought heroically in the battle of the three armed forces to conquer Yijiangshan Island. They did not fear sacrifices. They played an important role in the battle. They took the lead in occupying the 203 highlands where the enemy’s headquarters were located, and put the bright red flag on the main peak of Jiangshan Island.
Unit 71315, an unidentified AAA Brigade, conducted live-fire exercises during the late Fall 2002. The unit deployed from its normal location via train moved to is assigned operating location and conducted the exercises which defending against enemy aircraft and aerial surveillance. The exercise lasted roughly thirty-sx hours and specifically tested two battalions. [Liberation Army Daily 6 Nov 2002 / Jinan MR Qianwei Bao 8 Nov (PLA Activities Report Nov 2002)]
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