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1st Group Army

The 1st Group Army, headquartered in Huzhou, is comprised of three divisions, a motorized infantry brigade, an engineer regiment and an air defense brigade. The unit was believed to be a Category A unit.

First Army - Early History

The First Army People's Liberation Army predecessor in the Eighth Route Army during the War of Resistance was the 120th Division, 358 Brigade, Northwest Field War of Liberation Army first column.

The 1st Armys unit was created from 1927 to 1928. The troops were composed of two parts: one was the 4th Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army composed of the workers and peasants armed with Hunan and Hubei, and the other was the 6th Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army composed of the autumn riots of the two lakes (Hunan and Hubei) and the guerrillas of the workers and peasants of the year. In July, the Red 4 Army and the Red 6 Army were formed in the Hubei Public Security Association to form the 2nd Corps of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army. The cargo dragon served as the chief commander. Zhou Yiqun and Deng Zhongxia served as party representatives and under the jurisdiction of the Red 2 Army (formerly Red 4 Army) and Red 6 Army.

In March 1931, the Red 2 Army was ordered to change to the Red 3 Army. September 1932, the fourth anti-siege failed, the Red Army was forced to withdraw from Honghu Soviet 3, in July 1934 along the river in Guizhou Dejiang, Indian River area to create built Eastern Guizhou base. In October 1934, the Red 3 Army and the Red 6 Corps from the Xiangxi Soviet Area to Guizhou were in the Muhuang Association of Yinjiang County. At this time, the Red 3 Army resumed the Red 2 Army Corps, He Long served as the head of the army, and served as a political commissar, and Guan Xiang was appointed as a deputy political commissar. At the end of 1934, the area of Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou was established.

Transfer from Red 6 Army (July 1936 with the Red Army composed of 32 Red Army) sudden break the enemy surrounded, began the Long March, 10 1936 In the month, it and the Red Army would set up the Taibao in Jingning, Gansu. August 1937, 2 Red Army reorganized into the Eighth Route Army 120 Division 358 Brigade, Lu Dongsheng, Zhang Xun had brigadier, Project Leadership Committee, Zhang Ping had appointed political commissar, reorganized after the Japanese marched north front line. Behind enemy lines in North China adhere to the eight-year war, anti-Japanese base areas to participate in open-Sui, advance Jizhong, the Senate plus Hundred Regiments, adhere to the northwest Shanxi base of the struggle to defend the Shaanxi-Gansu. The troops have successively expanded the 358th Brigade of Zhang (Zongxun), the 358th Brigade of Peng (Shaohui), and the 1st and 2nd Brigade.

After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, the troops were moved from the north of Shanxi Province in September 1945 to defend the fruits of the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. They were successively in the factory, Khanying, Liangcheng, Zhuozishan, Guiqi (Hohhot), Chasuqi, Baotou, etc. The Japanese Puppet Army and the Kuomintang stubborn army were effectively attacked and the vast areas of eastern Fujian were recovered.

January 1946 for the maintenance stop war agreement in Zhuozi Mountain region to invade the Liberated Areas I Suidong again crushing blow to the KMT. In June, the Kuomintang provoked a full-scale civil war. The troops successively carried out Datong, Zhuozishan, Jining, Julebao, Fengzhen, Yuanping, Pingshe, Jinbei and other battles in the cities of Suiyuan and Shanxi, and repelled the Kuomintang. In November 1946, in the Pixian area of Shanxi Province, the first leg of the Jinbei Field Army and the 358th Brigade of the Jinci Field Army and the 1st Independence 1st brigade formed the 1st Jinci Military District. The column had a total of 8,300 people. Zhang Zongxun served as commander, Liao Hansheng served as political commissar, Wang Shaonan served as chief of staff, and Zhan Henghan served as director of the political department.

After the establishment of the column, it was assembled near Yan'an in the west, and was responsible for defending the liberation area of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ning. From February 1st to mid-August 1947, it covered the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningye Field Army and participated in Xihuachi, Yan'an Defence War and Qing Of acupuncture, Yang Ma River, Beaulieu, eastern Gansu, Yulin campaign, a total of 1.4 million people wipe out the Kuomintang army, captured the whole section 31 Brigade Li Jiyun. On July 31, it was a member of the Northwest Field Army. In late August to the end of November, with the Northwest Field Army offensive into the paint, sand participate store, Guan Zhuang fork, the second extension of SD attack Battle of forest and other battles. In December, the 7th Brigade consisting of the Jinci Military Region in the Jinzhong area of Shanxi Province was placed in the 1st column and was still in the Jinzhong area. It participated in the battles of Linyi, Jinzhong and Taiyuan. From December to February 1948, the 1st column was held in the Qingyi area of northern Shaanxi to complain (to the old society and the reactionaries to the working people).

The military movement had greatly enhanced the political awareness of the troops and enhanced their combat effectiveness. In late February, the participation in the Battle of Caiyichuanserved as the enemy of the reinforcement of the siege, which guaranteed the victory of the battle, and was received by the commander and political commissar of the Northwest Field Army, Peng Dehuai. At the beginning of March, attacked Huanglong Mountain District, liberated Yijun and Huangling, and consolidated and expanded the liberated areas. In mid-April, it entered Xifu and Jidong, and successively captured Yu (now Xunyi), Jixian (now Binxian), Linyou, Fengxiang. On the 26th, it collaborated with the 2nd column to capture Baoji. Later, it fought against Jidong and took the initiative to fight against the Kuomintang. The army attacked and shielded the main force from the transfer, and then participated in the Chengshao, Yubei and winter campaigns. In the Battle of North Fujian, the 1st column wedged into the depths of the enemy's defense, boldly interspersed and divided, and suddenly smashed the 48th brigade of the Kuomintang army, captured its brigade commander and chief of staff, and played a decisive role in the victory of the battle.

On February 1, 1949, according to the Central Military Commission's order to unify the preparation of the entire army and the number of troops, the 1st column was renamed the 1st Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and was attached to the first field army. He Bingyan served as the military commander, Liao Hansheng served as political commissar, Chen Waiou served as chief of staff, Zhan Henghan served as director of the political department, and Xia Yaotang served as director of the logistics department. The 358th Brigade was renamed the 1st Division, Huang Xinting was the division commander, Yu Qiuli was the political commissar, the Independent 1st Brigade was renamed the 2nd Division, Wang Shangrong was the division commander, Yan Jinsheng was the political commissar, and the Independent 7th Brigade was renamed the 3rd Division. Cao Guanglin was a political commissar.

The entire army had a total of 22,000 people. In mid-May, it participated in the Battle of Shaanxi Province, in the northeast of Fengxiang, Yaojiagou, the 4th Army, the Kuomintang Army, 57th Army and 30th Division. In mid-June, it was transferred to the Huxian area, and the 3rd Division (formerly the 1st column independent 7th brigade) left in the Jinzhong area was built. On June 17, the 1st Corps was re-organized. In mid-July, it participated in the Battle of Emei and, in conjunction with the 2nd Army, annihilated the 24th Division and the 61st Division of the 90th Army of the Kuomintang Army. In late, to participate in Longdong chase strike war, capture Longxian, solid Town, in conjunction with the 7th Army KMT army wiped out a cavalry brigade. At the beginning of August, Qinan was liberated. In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, it began to enter Qinghai. On the 23rd, it entered Linxia and was responsible for the Lanzhou campaign. After crossing the Yellow River through Yongjing, it liberated Xining on September 5. On October 1, the 1st Army and the Qinghai Provincial Military Region. By 1950, it was responsible for the task of maintaining public security and establishing the people's political power.

In June 1952, the reorganization was carried out again. The divisions of the 3rd Army were incorporated into the 1st Army. The 1st and 3rd divisions were co-edited as the 1st Division, and the 2nd and 8th Divisions were co-edited as the 2nd Division. The 9th Division was co-edited as the 7th Division. Huang Xinting was the commander of the army and Liang Renren was a political commissar. In December, it participated in the Chinese People's Volunteers' War. The 1st and 7th divisions were responsible for the position of the Ma Liangshan and Laoshan in the first line of the Imjin River. The 2nd Division was assigned to the 64th Army to perform the West Coast anti-landing mission. In June 1953, it participated in the summer counterattack.

After the truce, the garrison was tasked on the 38th parallel and the East Coast. Returned to China in October 1958. 1st Army during the war years, the emergence of a total of nine combat model camp, 10 combat model company and Liu four tiger, Zhou sunspots, Zhuqing Tao, Wang, Gou Furong, Zhao Jihua and many other war heroes.

Recent Activity

The 3rd Division was inactivated in 1952 and the 1st and 3rd Corps were reoganized and combined to form the 1st Corps with the 1st, 2nd, and 7th Divisions subordinate. Elements of the Corp arrived in Korea in April 1953.

The 2nd Infantry Division of the 1st Group Army conducted routine and field training in the Langxi area of the Anhui Province from early July 1991 thru October 1991. [Yang 1993]

An artillery brigade organic to the 1st Division of the 1st Group Army conducted offensive exercises and joint army and air force training including signal exercises, river crossing, infantry and armor maneuvers and counter-airborne operations in the Anhui Province bordering Anhui, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu Provinces from early August to late October 1991. [Yang 1993]

In late February 1992 the 2nd Division conducted routine training and marching and field training exercises in West Village, Guangde Xian, Anhui Province. [Yang 1993]

The 2nd Division was tranferred to the People's Armed Police to become the 8690 Unit in the 1990s. [Blasko 2002]

An unidentified artillery division, probably the unit attached to the 1st Group Army as it is the only artillery division in the Nanjing MR, conducted tactical demonstrations in the East Anhui Mountains in late Fall 2002. The drills included simulated amphibious warfare operations as the unit conducted landing drills and during the course of the exercise had to choose an alternate landing site as the original site had "been destroyed". The unit was able to conduct fire support missions within eleven minutes of landing relocated to avoid counter-battery fires. [Nanjing MR Renmin Qianxin 30 Oct 2002 (PLA Activities Report Nov 2002)]



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Page last modified: 07-06-2020 17:32:51 ZULU