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1st Group Army

The 1st Group Army, headquartered in Huzhou, is comprised of three divisions, a motorized infantry brigade, an engineer regiment and an air defense brigade. The unit was believed to be a Category A unit.

First Army - Early History

In 2016, all the 1st, 12th, and 31st Army Groups of the former Nanjing Military Region were transferred to the Eastern Theater Army. The 1st Group Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army is one of the oldest troops in the Chinese People's Liberation Army, with a history dating back to 1930. The First Army People's Liberation Army predecessor in the Eighth Route Army during the War of Resistance was the 120th Division, 358 Brigade, Northwest Field War of Liberation Army first column. The current organizational system was organized in 1985 and was composed of the 1st Army, 60th Army, and 10th Tank Division. The Artillery 9th Division was merged into the group army in 1992. The original code-named Unit 83010, the modern number was Unit 73011 of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, which belonged to the Army of the Eastern Theater Command.

Early History

The 1st Army’s unit was created from 1927 to 1928. The troops were composed of two parts: one was the 4th Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army composed of the workers and peasants armed with Hunan and Hubei, and the other was the 6th Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army composed of the autumn riots of the two lakes (Hunan and Hubei) and the guerrillas of the workers and peasants of the year. In July, the Red 4 Army and the Red 6 Army were formed in the Hubei Public Security Association to form the 2nd Corps of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army. The cargo dragon served as the chief commander. Zhou Yiqun and Deng Zhongxia served as party representatives and under the jurisdiction of the Red 2 Army (formerly Red 4 Army) and Red 6 Army.

In March 1931, the Red 2 Army was ordered to change to the Red 3 Army. September 1932, the fourth anti-siege failed, the Red Army was forced to withdraw from Honghu Soviet 3, in July 1934 along the river in Guizhou Dejiang, Indian River area to create built Eastern Guizhou base. In October 1934, the Red 3 Army and the Red 6 Corps from the Xiangxi Soviet Area to Guizhou were in the Muhuang Association of Yinjiang County. At this time, the Red 3 Army resumed the Red 2 Army Corps, He Long served as the head of the army, and served as a political commissar, and Guan Xiang was appointed as a deputy political commissar. At the end of 1934, the area of Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou was established.

Transfer from Red 6 Army (July 1936 with the Red Army composed of 32 Red Army) sudden break the enemy surrounded, began the Long March, 10 1936 In the month, it and the Red Army would set up the Taibao in Jingning, Gansu. August 1937, 2 Red Army reorganized into the Eighth Route Army 120 Division 358 Brigade, Lu Dongsheng, Zhang Xun had brigadier, Project Leadership Committee, Zhang Ping had appointed political commissar, reorganized after the Japanese marched north front line. Behind enemy lines in North China adhere to the eight-year war, anti-Japanese base areas to participate in open-Sui, advance Jizhong, the Senate plus Hundred Regiments, adhere to the northwest Shanxi base of the struggle to defend the Shaanxi-Gansu. The troops have successively expanded the 358th Brigade of Zhang (Zongxun), the 358th Brigade of Peng (Shaohui), and the 1st and 2nd Brigade.

After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, the troops were moved from the north of Shanxi Province in September 1945 to defend the fruits of the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. They were successively in the factory, Khanying, Liangcheng, Zhuozishan, Guiqi (Hohhot), Chasuqi, Baotou, etc. The Japanese Puppet Army and the Kuomintang stubborn army were effectively attacked and the vast areas of eastern Fujian were recovered.

January 1946 for the maintenance stop war agreement in Zhuozi Mountain region to invade the Liberated Areas I Suidong again crushing blow to the KMT. In June, the Kuomintang provoked a full-scale civil war. The troops successively carried out Datong, Zhuozishan, Jining, Julebao, Fengzhen, Yuanping, Pingshe, Jinbei and other battles in the cities of Suiyuan and Shanxi, and repelled the Kuomintang. In November 1946, in the Pixian area of Shanxi Province, the first leg of the Jinbei Field Army and the 358th Brigade of the Jinci Field Army and the 1st Independence 1st brigade formed the 1st Jinci Military District. The column had a total of 8,300 people. Zhang Zongxun served as commander, Liao Hansheng served as political commissar, Wang Shaonan served as chief of staff, and Zhan Henghan served as director of the political department.

After the establishment of the column, it was assembled near Yan'an in the west, and was responsible for defending the liberation area of Shaanxi, Gansu and Ning. From February 1st to mid-August 1947, it covered the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningye Field Army and participated in Xihuachi, Yan'an Defence War and Qing Of acupuncture, Yang Ma River, Beaulieu, eastern Gansu, Yulin campaign, a total of 1.4 million people wipe out the Kuomintang army, captured the whole section 31 Brigade Li Jiyun. On July 31, it was a member of the Northwest Field Army. In late August to the end of November, with the Northwest Field Army offensive into the paint, sand participate store, Guan Zhuang fork, the second extension of SD attack Battle of forest and other battles. In December, the 7th Brigade consisting of the Jinci Military Region in the Jinzhong area of Shanxi Province was placed in the 1st column and was still in the Jinzhong area. It participated in the battles of Linyi, Jinzhong and Taiyuan. From December to February 1948, the 1st column was held in the Qingyi area of northern Shaanxi to complain (to the old society and the reactionaries to the working people).

The military movement had greatly enhanced the political awareness of the troops and enhanced their combat effectiveness. In late February, the participation in the Battle of Caiyichuanserved as the enemy of the reinforcement of the siege, which guaranteed the victory of the battle, and was received by the commander and political commissar of the Northwest Field Army, Peng Dehuai. At the beginning of March, attacked Huanglong Mountain District, liberated Yijun and Huangling, and consolidated and expanded the liberated areas. In mid-April, it entered Xifu and Jidong, and successively captured Yu (now Xunyi), Jixian (now Binxian), Linyou, Fengxiang. On the 26th, it collaborated with the 2nd column to capture Baoji. Later, it fought against Jidong and took the initiative to fight against the Kuomintang. The army attacked and shielded the main force from the transfer, and then participated in the Chengshao, Yubei and winter campaigns. In the Battle of North Fujian, the 1st column wedged into the depths of the enemy's defense, boldly interspersed and divided, and suddenly smashed the 48th brigade of the Kuomintang army, captured its brigade commander and chief of staff, and played a decisive role in the victory of the battle.


On February 1, 1949, according to the Central Military Commission's order to unify the preparation of the entire army and the number of troops, the 1st column was renamed the 1st Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and was attached to the first field army. He Bingyan served as the military commander, Liao Hansheng served as political commissar, Chen Waiou served as chief of staff, Zhan Henghan served as director of the political department, and Xia Yaotang served as director of the logistics department. The 358th Brigade was renamed the 1st Division, Huang Xinting was the division commander, Yu Qiuli was the political commissar, the Independent 1st Brigade was renamed the 2nd Division, Wang Shangrong was the division commander, Yan Jinsheng was the political commissar, and the Independent 7th Brigade was renamed the 3rd Division. Cao Guanglin was a political commissar.

The entire army had a total of 22,000 people. In mid-May, it participated in the Battle of Shaanxi Province, in the northeast of Fengxiang, Yaojiagou, the 4th Army, the Kuomintang Army, 57th Army and 30th Division. In mid-June, it was transferred to the Huxian area, and the 3rd Division (formerly the 1st column independent 7th brigade) left in the Jinzhong area was built. On June 17, the 1st Corps was re-organized. In mid-July, it participated in the Battle of Emei and, in conjunction with the 2nd Army, annihilated the 24th Division and the 61st Division of the 90th Army of the Kuomintang Army. In late, to participate in Longdong chase strike war, capture Longxian, solid Town, in conjunction with the 7th Army KMT army wiped out a cavalry brigade. At the beginning of August, Qinan was liberated. In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, it began to enter Qinghai. On the 23rd, it entered Linxia and was responsible for the Lanzhou campaign. After crossing the Yellow River through Yongjing, it liberated Xining on September 5. On October 1, the 1st Army and the Qinghai Provincial Military Region. By 1950, it was responsible for the task of maintaining public security and establishing the people's political power.

In June 1952, the reorganization was carried out again. The divisions of the 3rd Army were incorporated into the 1st Army. The 1st and 3rd divisions were co-edited as the 1st Division, and the 2nd and 8th Divisions were co-edited as the 2nd Division. The 9th Division was co-edited as the 7th Division. Huang Xinting was the commander of the army and Liang Renren was a political commissar. In December, it participated in the Chinese People's Volunteers' War. The 1st and 7th divisions were responsible for the position of the Ma Liangshan and Laoshan in the first line of the Imjin River. The 2nd Division was assigned to the 64th Army to perform the West Coast anti-landing mission. In June 1953, it participated in the summer counterattack.

After the truce, the garrison was tasked on the 38th parallel and the East Coast. Returned to China in October 1958. 1st Army during the war years, the emergence of a total of nine combat model camp, 10 combat model company and Liu four tiger, Zhou sunspots, Zhuqing Tao, Wang, Gou Furong, Zhao Jihua and many other war heroes.

In June 1952, the First Army and the Third Army were combined into the Heavy Armed Forces, the designation still retained the First Army, and the commander was Huang Xinting. The first and third divisions under its jurisdiction are combined into the first division, the second and eighth divisions are combined into the second division, and the seventh and ninth divisions are combined into the seventh division. In December 1952, the reorganized First Army participated in the Korean War, and stayed in North Korea after the armistice in 1953. It was not until 1958 that it withdrew and returned to China. It was stationed in Kaifeng City, Henan Province and belonged to the Wuhan Military Region. In 1962, the First Army went to Fujian Province to perform an emergency combat readiness mission. When the army was renumbered in 1969, the seventh division under its jurisdiction was renamed the third division.

Recent Activity

In 1975, the First Army changed defenses with the 20th Army belonging to the Nanjing Military Region and stationed in Zhejiang. In 1984, under the leadership of Army Commander Fu Quanyou, he participated in the defense operations of the Laoshan area.

In 1984, after Deng Xiaoping announced the "One Million Disarmament", the First Army was reorganized into the First Group Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army in 1985[1] .

The 2nd Infantry Division of the 1st Group Army conducted routine and field training in the Langxi area of the Anhui Province from early July 1991 thru October 1991. [Yang 1993]

An artillery brigade organic to the 1st Division of the 1st Group Army conducted offensive exercises and joint army and air force training including signal exercises, river crossing, infantry and armor maneuvers and counter-airborne operations in the Anhui Province bordering Anhui, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu Provinces from early August to late October 1991. [Yang 1993]

In late February 1992 the 2nd Division conducted routine training and marching and field training exercises in West Village, Guangde Xian, Anhui Province. [Yang 1993]

Before 1996, the 1st Group Army of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army had four infantry divisions including the First Division, the Second Division, the Third Division and the 181st Division of the 60th Army. In addition, there were also the 10th Tank Division, the 9th Artillery Division and the High Artillery brigade. In 1987, the army formed the first "Blue Army" of the People's Liberation Army.

After the mid-1990s, the PLA's organization system underwent major adjustments. In 1996, the 2nd and 181st Infantry Divisions of the First Army were reorganized into mobile divisions of the Chinese People's Armed Police Force (2nd Armed Police Division and 181st Armed Police Division). After 1998, the 3rd Infantry Division under its jurisdiction was reorganized into an amphibious motorized infantry brigade, the 1st Division was reorganized into the PLA’s first amphibious mechanized infantry division, and the 10th Tank Division and Artillery Brigade were also reorganized into amphibious armor. Division and air defense brigade.

The 2nd Division was tranferred to the People's Armed Police to become the 8690 Unit in the 1990s. [Blasko 2002]

An unidentified artillery division, probably the unit attached to the 1st Group Army as it is the only artillery division in the Nanjing MR, conducted tactical demonstrations in the East Anhui Mountains in late Fall 2002. The drills included simulated amphibious warfare operations as the unit conducted landing drills and during the course of the exercise had to choose an alternate landing site as the original site had "been destroyed". The unit was able to conduct fire support missions within eleven minutes of landing relocated to avoid counter-battery fires. [Nanjing MR Renmin Qianxin 30 Oct 2002 (PLA Activities Report Nov 2002)]

under the jurisdiction of the First Army Group:

  • Military Directives: Military Direct Communication Regiment (located in Huzhou, Zhejiang), Military Direct Engineering Corps (located in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu), Military Direct Defense Chemical Regiment (located in Nanjing, Jiangsu), Military Training Brigade (located in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu), Military Training Brigade (located in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu) Huzhou, Zhejiang), the 5th Army Aviation Regiment (stationed in Nanjing, Jiangsu), Electronic Warfare Regiment (stationed in Wuxi, Jiangsu), directly under the team (stationed in the Blue Army, etc.)
  • First Division of Amphibious Mechanization (located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, code-named Unit 73021): 1 Regiment (based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Red Army Regiment, Baijiang Regiment), 2 Regiment (based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Helong Regiment), Artillery Regiment (based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang), Gao Artillery Regiment (located in Jiaxing, Zhejiang), Amphibious Armored Regiment (located in Huzhou, Zhejiang)
  • Tenth Amphibious Armored Division (stationed in Suzhou, Jiangsu, codenamed 73041): Armored 37 Regiment (stationed in Chuzhou, Anhui), Armored 38 Regiment (stationed in Suzhou, Jiangsu), Armored 39 Regiment (stationed in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu), Artillery Regiment (stationed in Chuzhou, Anhui), Antiaircraft Regiment
  • The Ninth Division of the Artillery Division (stationed in Wuxi, Jiangsu, code-named Unit 73031): Artillery 2 Regiment (stationed in Suzhou, Jiangsu), Artillery 3 Regiment (stationed in Nanjing, Jiangsu), Artillery 14 Regiment (stationed in Jiangyin, Jiangsu), Artillery 16 Regiment (stationed in Wuxi, Jiangsu) 201 Rocket Launcher Regiment (in Wuxi, Jiangsu)
  • Third Brigade of Amphibious Motorized Infantry (stationed in Jinhua, Zhejiang, code-named Unit 73029)
  • Air Defense Brigade (located in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, code-named Unit 73056)

Honorary title

Subordinate units that have been awarded honorary titles:

  • Red Army Division: Mechanized Infantry 1st Division (formerly 358 Brigade)
  • Red Army: Mechanized Infantry, 1st Division, 2nd Regiment (formerly 715 Regiment), 3rd Regiment (formerly 716 Regiment)
  • Flood Fighting Model Regiment: Mechanized Infantry 1st Division 2nd Regiment
  • Hard-Bone Sixth Company: 6th Company, 1st Regiment, 1st Division, Mechanized Infantry
  • Seventh Company of Sharp Knives: 7th Company, 3rd Regiment, 1st Division, Mechanized Infantry
  • Night Tiger Company: 7th Company, 3rd Regiment, 1st Division, Mechanized Infantry
  • Stick to the Hero Company: 3rd Company, 2nd Regiment, 1st Division, Mechanized Infantry
  • Tough Hero Company: 9th Company, 1st Regiment, 1st Division, Mechanized Infantry

Subordinate individuals who have been awarded honorary titles:

  • Heroic instructor: Qian Fusheng, deputy instructor of the first battalion of the 3rd Regiment of the First Division and instructor of the 1st company
  • Fighting hero: Huang Zhonghu, squad leader of the 9th company of the First Division and First Regiment
  • Artillery Reconnaissance Hero: Xu Xiaodan, reconnaissance squad leader of the 16th Regiment, 9th Artillery Division

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:08:07 ZULU