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Military

The thirteen military regions established by 1956 were reduced to eleven in the late 1960s. Those eleven military regions were reduced to seven by 1985-88. The seven military regions were reduced to five military regions as of 01 January 2016. The 14th Group Army was re-aligned from the Chengdu Military Region to the Southern Theater Command.


14th Group Army

The 14th Group Army, headquartered in Kunming is believed to be comprised of three divisions, an armored brigade, an AAA brigade, an engineer regiment, a communications regiment, and a pontoon regiment. According to the Asia Times on Nov 21, 2003, this unit was considered a Category B unit.

The 14th Group Army traces its lineage to the establishment of the 14th Corps in the late 1940s. The 14th was comprised of elements of the 13th and 15th Corps as well as KMT units. The 14th was located in Yunnan and was assigned to the 4th Army.

In 1949 the 14th Corps was comprised of the 40th, 41st and 42nd Divisions.

14th Army - Early History

The 14th Army of the PLA Army predecessor was the Eighth Route Army during the Anti-Japanese Military TaiYue of "enemy Daredevil 1st Brigade," Central Plains Field Army during the Liberation War 4 columns 11, 22 brigades and vertebral naval battle The 110th Division of the Kuomintang Army in the uprising. On August 1, 1937, the 1st Corps of Shanxi Youth against the enemy was established at the Taiyuan National Normal School in Shanshan. In October of the same year, the 1st Corps of Shanxi Youth Anti-Enemy was expanded into the "1st Column of the Dead", Lu Yinglin was the column leader, and Bo Yibo was appointed as a political commissar, ruling the 1st and 2nd corps. The spring of 1938, and to set up 3rd Corps, composed of 7-8 months and guerrilla first, second and third group of the security agency 5th, 6th regiment and other units. December 1939, the Kuomintang diehards launched the first anti-Communist onslaught, manufacturing "Twelve Yue incident", attacking the Eighth Route Army detachment in western Shanxi and enemy Daredevil column.

Party committees and 120 in northwest Shanxi under the cover of commander organizations, Jinxi detachment and Daredevil team beat back the Kuomintang diehards attack shattered Xi Yan Shan launch of the "December Incident." Subsequently, the "Daredevil column" After the political whole army, according to the Eighth Route Army to build the system reorganization, still used in "Daredevil column" designation, under the jurisdiction of the 25th, 38th, 42nd, 57th, 59th regiment. Column commander and political commissar Bo Yibo, deputy columns long bull Pei Cong, chief of staff Yantian Min, the main political department either Wang Hefeng. November 1940, Jin Northwest District was established, "Daredevil column" incorporated into the Northwest Shanxi Military District, in early 1941, Hung Jin Zhao Southwest detachment into the Taiyue area, owned by daredevil first column leadership.

On January 14 of the same year, the 1st column and the Taiyue Military Region were killed. In August, the 1st column of death was renamed the 1st brigade of the death, and it was established by the Eighth Route Army Taiyue Column. Chen Yi was the commander, and Bo Yibo was a political commissar. To the 5th Military Region, it was the headquarters of the Eighth Route Army. In January 1942, it was established by the 129th Division of the Eighth Route Army. In the 1942 winter, the Japanese gathered more than 30,000 people, the occupation of Shanxi Qinyuan a "mountain anti-Communist experiment" Daredevil first brigade was ordered to set up a "committee Qinyuan siege", the implementation of siege warfare, organized field army and militia backbone team, in the county's 13 districts guerrilla activities, the Qing court empty field, to harass the enemy, sent sneaked into the city, fill in stagnant water wells, or dead dog thrown into a dead pig, poured feces; off enemy supply lines, and so on. Finally, Japanese troops forced the evacuation of Qinyuan city. In March 1943, the 1st brigade of the death march accompanied the troops of the military region to carry out the battles of the Jiyu and the Yubei. In August 1945, the 1st brigade of the death march participated in the strategic counterattack and successively recovered 7 county towns.

On October 23, 1945, the Taiyue Military Region was ordered to be reorganized into the 4th column of the Jinyu Luyu Field Army. Chen virtual appointed commander, political commissar cure any Hsieh Fu, Han Jun, deputy commander, deputy political commissar Yang Qiqing and political department. Under the jurisdiction of the 10th, 11th, 12th brigade. Among them, the 1st Brigade was decided to be the 11th Brigade. After the fourth column composed, then took part in the Battle of the party, Sheng Fu Yan Xishan in the artillery command to Hu three more than the next two thousand people. From June to September 1946, it participated in the Wen (Hi) Xia (County), Tongpu, and Linfu campaigns.

In the battle of Linfu, the second group of Chiang Kai-shek's elite "1st Brigade in the World" was eliminated in the official reputation area. From November to January of the next year, it participated in the battle of Luliang and Xiaoxiao. March 1947, the Shanxi Military decide too Yue Military Military Region 1 New 7th Regiment, 2 Military Guards Regiment, 4th Military independent group first established in Lingshi Taiyue Military Region area 22 brigade. From April to May, the 4th column and the 22nd brigade in Jin.

The southern region carried out offensive operations and smashed more than 14,000 people. In July, the fourth column 22 and Taiyue military brigade under Chen (Geng) Xie (Fuzhi) Group command. In August, Nandu Yellow River, advanced into the west of Henan, first round-trip battle between the (Guan) Luo (yang), then transferred to the Funiu Mountain, opened the Yuxi base. November 11 Brigade 33 groups form a second Military in west, 22 Brigade (64 groups which redeploy Military in west 1) normalized the fourth column formed. In January 1948, the 4th column carried out a new type of army in the Yucheng and Fangcheng areas. In March, it participated in the Battle of Luoyang.

Together with the 3rd column of the East China Field Army, the entire Kuomintang Youth Army 206th Division and other departments totaled more than 20,000 people. On May 9, 1948, the 4th column of the Jinyu Luyu Field Army was changed to the 4th column of the Central Plains Field Army. It participated in the battles of Wanxi, Wandong, Zhengzhou, etc., and then participated in the Huaihai Campaign, attacking the Fuliji Station, and breaking the enemy. In Nanping, the enemy was blocked and the main force was allowed to annihilate the Huangwei Corps. February 14, 1949, according to the CPC Central Military Commission on the preparation of a unified army and unit designation command, the Central Plains Field Army 4th column 11, 22 brigades and the Kuomintang army in the uprising of the Huaihai Campaign, 110 commanders, eds composed of PLA 14th Army commander Licheng Fang, political commissar of the glory days of thunder, deputy army chief of staff Wang Qiming, director of the political Department Zhupei Xuan, yuan into the party minister Renhou Qin Department. The 11th brigade of the original jurisdiction was renamed the 40th division, Liu Feng was appointed as the division commander and Hou Liangfu was appointed as the political commissar; the 22nd brigade was renamed the 41st division, Cha Yusheng was appointed as the division commander, and Ding Rongchang was appointed as the political commissar. By the former KMT army uprising in Huaihai Battle of the 110th division adapted the composition of the 42nd Division, Liao Yun Zhou any commander, political commissar Zhang Ziming any division.

14th Army set up after the normalization of the second field army 4th Corps formed. In April, the 14th Army took part in the fighting across the river, cut off the Zhejiang-Jiangxi, Nanchang, with the liberation of friendly forces, and then from Ganzhou south, to intimidate the enemy of the 103 division commander led his troops had three yuan uprising. Then forces continue to Gaoyao, Heshan chase, Wu area in the house would be surrounded by the enemy 91 division, forcing the enemy commander Liu ren less than 1,700 people to surrender. Stuck North River, West River confluence, control the enemy fled Guangxi arteries. Then chase the spring, Yangjiang direction, after nine days and nine nights in a row march fighting, and annihilated the 50th Army in Yangjiang, 39th army, security, 2nd Division, 13 people 40000 Corps unit, the 21st Corps Ministry (there were more than 10,000 enemy prisoners). The 4th patrol of the Party Navy combined with more than 500 officers and men, and led 11 warships in support.

After the end of the Guangdong campaign, the 14th Army entered Guangxi and Yunnan. Maoming by blocking the battle, Bobai chase after the battle, troops day and night, force a crossing Qin Jiang, Qinzhou line, crushing plant Pai Chung-hsi group fled to Hainan attempt Island. In tyhe war in the Qinzhou area, 14th Army captured enemy 7th Army commander Yan Renyi and other field officers numbered 938 officers and 44,168 troops. The enemy killed and wound more than 1,900 PLA troops and seized 245 military objects. Then, the troops into Yunnan, Dali, Lijiang, Baoshan area complete wipe out banditry, to help the local establishment of the regime and other tasks. In March 1950, according to the instructions of the Central Military Commission, the 14th Army Military Region and Yunnan Province in western Yunnan Wei Shu District, under the 4th Corps and Yunnan Military establishment.

The 14th Army in combat Anti-Japanese War, the liberation war, bandits, etc., and a number of advanced individual and collective, the famous war hero Hu Shangli Taiyue area, Qibao Lu, Maguan Qun soldiers rather die than surrender, the national war hero Liu Zilin, Hou Ting election, Zhang Yuqi Heroes such as Gao Wenkui and the 12th battalion of the 118th Regiment of the steel defense line "Shouru Taishan", the 119th Regiment of the "Model", the 2nd, 3rd and the 122nd "Water Heroes" 4th, "Breakthrough" The "National Insurance" 6th consecutive hero group.




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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:07 ZULU