12th Group Army
The 12th Group Army, headquartered in Xuzhou, is comprised of three divisions, two motorized infantry brigades, a AAA brigade, an artillery brigade, an anti-chemical regiment, an engineer regiment, and a pontoon regiment.
12 Army - Early History
The Central Plains Field Army 6th column was the predecessor of the PLA 12th Army. This column evolved from Jin Shandong and Henan Military sixth column. Shanxi Military sixth column zoning departments and directly affiliated team, Wei (Jay) detachment, stone detachment, Qin (Jiwei) to (keep records) detachment November 5, 1945 day in Ci County, Hebei Province, Ma Town established, commander Wang Hongkun, political committee member Duan Junyi, deputy commander of the king close to the mountains, Wager, Chief of staff Zhang Tingfa, political director.
A total of more than 13,000 people were Under the jurisdiction of the 16th, 17th, 18th Brigaded. After the columnd set up training and consolidation, that was to participate in combat steep river, Bouvet, security and other areas north, had wiped out more than 4,000 enemy troops. July 1946, after the Shanxi Military Command field composed of the column under the Shanxi-field battle military establishment, in August, the column attack Longhai line, opener blue seal victory, more than 3,000 people to wipe out the enemy troops, seized There were 11 tanks; following Kyi County, there were 800 enemies. Then it participated in the Battle of Dingtao, focusing on Da Yang Hu, and defending the 59th regiment of the enemy, laying the foundation for the victory of the battle. In October, to participate in Juye, Juan south war battle. In this battle, 52nd regiment first squad even Keqin, fighting bravely, creatively played a fighting role of mutual aid, continuous repeated attacks repulsed the enemy, held the position.
The army became famous fighting heroes. Yan'an "Liberation Daily" December 1946 "Universal carry Keqin Movement" in the title published an editorial in the army thought to promote mutual Keqin, physical and mutual assistance, mutual technical assistance of experienced troops. In November, it participated in the Battle of Hua County, attacked the Shangguan lining, and defeated the 104th Brigade. Then they return in triumph Southwest, the giant (wild) gold (Township) fish (Taiwan) campaign, and annihilated the whole reorganization of the fourth column. January 1947, Jin Shandong and Henan Liberated "People's Daily" had published "mass line and sixth column Gutian Conference fine achievement of God", "learning to six vertical" two editorials, with great encouragement to the whole vertical. In March, the king of the mountain near any army commander, political commissar Du Yide, Bao Chi to any political department. In late, to participate in North counterattack, in one fell swoop capture Tangyin city, wiped out temporarily for the third column of more than 8,000 people, Sheng Fu in the enemy column commander Dianying. In March, Bao Xianzhi served as deputy political commissar and director of the political department.
The whole column of more than 20,000 people in early May, at the Tangyin column took steps to train up the whole area. June 30, column as Liu and Deng Xiaoping wild one of the main war army, breaking the KMT Yellow River defense line, to participate in Luxi opened the prelude to offensive military strategy of the South battle. In this battle, the siege was fixed, and the 153th brigade and local team of the enemy were all over 4,000. They won the first major victory in the history of the column. After that, the phase following the camp participated in six sets, Yangshan set battle, wiped out more than 5,000 people. After the Battle of the Southwest, with Liu and Deng field army Dabie Mountain.
It was involved in the Huangpan District, crossing the Shahe River and Honghe River, and arriving at the north bank of the Weihe River. In the critical moment was after the enemy before plugging chase to heroism "quitting brave victory", and force a Ruhe, guard Plains Bureau, Field Army headquarters safely through Ruhe, Huaihe and defeat the enemy to intercept Weizhui, line Dabie Mountains, successfully completed Thousands of miles into the mission. After entering the Dabie Mountains, it had captured more than 10 county, to the local reactionary regime and the stubborn devastating blow. In late October, it participated in the Battle of mountain shop, co-neighborly full annihilated 40th Division and the 82nd Brigade. Under extremely difficult conditions, adhere to the Dabie Mountains and neighbor Ministry to attract and contain the enemy team with 33 brigades, crushing the enemy siege of the Dabie Mountains, across the country to support the Battle. During this period, in order to strengthen local armed forces and rebuild the Dabie Mountain base, the 48th, 51st, and 53rd regiments were transferred to the 4th and 5th divisions of the Hubei-Henan Military Region. March 1948, the Dabie Mountains, to Henan Ye County regional training and consolidation.
On May 9, 1948, the 6th column of the Jinyu Luyu Field Army was renamed the 6th column of the Central Plains Field Army. Li Zhen was the director of the Political Department and the other positions remained unchanged. After the adaptation, it immediately participated in the Battle of Wandong. In July, as the Central Plains Field Army launched the main Xiangfan campaign, and Tongbai, a Southern military forces capture Xiangyang, Fan city, all wiped out more than 20,000 people, Sheng Fu enemy 15th pacification zone commander Liu's will, deputy commander Guan Guoxun.
The 17th Brigade 49th regiment due to outstanding military exploits, was awarded the Central Plains Military "Xiangyang special work group," the title of the CPC Central had telephoned to congratulate Xiangfan victory. After the Xiangfan Campaign, the area in the south of the river was rehabilitated and the 48th, 51st, and 53rd regiments were rebuilt.
On November 6th, participated in the Battle of the Sea. Before the war, the enemy task was carried out in the southwestern part of Henan. Enemy after Huang Wei East assistance group, with a friendly forces besieged the Kuomintang army Huang Wei group to Shuangduiji region. December 6, at friendly forces from West co-straight for the enemy Shuangduiji core position, Huang Wei group smashed the command center, and annihilated nearly ten thousand people.
February 9, 1949, according to the CPC Central Military Commission ordered the army on the harmonization of the preparation and unit designation order, the Central Plains Field Army in the sixth column adaptation of Anhui Province Mengcheng regional People's Liberation Army 12th Army, under the Second Field Army 3rd Corps. Corps Deputy Commander Wang served as commander close to the mountains and political commissar, Xiao Yong silver deputy army chief of staff, deputy political commissar Li Zhen, Li Kaixiang any political director, Wang Yao Ren Houqin significantly Minister.
The entire army had more than 25,000 people. Original jurisdiction of the 16th Brigade was renamed the 34th Division, You Taizhong any commanders, Shao sub-words any division political commissar; 17th Brigade was renamed the 35th Division, Li Desheng any commander, Li Ruhai any division of the Political Committee; 18th Brigade was renamed the 36th Division, Xing Rongjie was appointed as the commander and Liu Chang was appointed as the political commissar. Subsequently, the 12th Army participated in the Battle of Dujiang.
On April 8, it captured the Tizhou Island in Shuyang County, Anhui Province. April 21 to force a crossing of the Yangtze River, immediately launched thousands of miles chasing strike, Zhegan advance, the liberation of the county seat. In October, marching toward the Southwest. Under the coordination of the friendly and neighboring forces, more than 14,000 people were killed and the enemy was crushed. The “Xiangxiang E Frontier Defense Line” liberated Chongqing and the eastern Sichuan region. In December, it participated in the Battle of Chengdu and defeated more than 36,000 people.
In January 1950, the Chuandong Military Region was established, and the military district organs were also part of the 3rd Corps. 12th Army 34th Division and belongs to the Chongqing Garrison Command; Bishan 35th Division and the Military; Army 36th Division and Fuling district, in accordance with the directives of superiors, and actively carry out counterinsurgency struggle against hegemonism, to November 1950, clear the area. In January 1951, the 31st Division of the 11th Army was incorporated into the 12th Army. The 12th Division of the 12th Army (under the 106th regiment) and the 34th Division of the 34th Division were separated from the military and stayed in the southwest. Main force was ordered to north, ready to participate in the Korean war. In March, the 12th Army participated in the Chinese People's Volunteers' War.
On April 17, participated in the fifth battle. In the first stage, defeated the Turkish brigade, breaking the "military demarcation line", press on the Han River; in the second stage, breaking Jialishan, Hong Yang cut off the road, hidden from fighting, the straight brother peak. In November, participate in the Jincheng defense operation. Performed more than 400 times the size of the fight, the successful completion of defense for combat missions. The end of November 1952, as the Battle of the reserve, participated in the Major Battle, through hard war, the restoration and consolidation of positions, shattered the enemy boasted of "gold of the offensive", Gan made the final victory of the Battle of the Ridge. During the Korean War, the emergence of a large number of heroes and models, in which Yang increase, Wu Xianhua, Hu monasticism won the "Democratic People's Republic Heroes" title. In April 1954, the 12th Army returned from North Korea and was transferred to the East China Military Region.
The 2nd Tank Division (now the 2nd Armored Division believed to be part of the 12th GA) conducted offensive exercises and air-land coordinated attack exercises in early May 1991 in the Xuzhou area of the Jiansu province. The exercises included a helicopter unit from another Group Army and involved the use of T-59 II, T-69s and T-79 tanks. [Yang 1993]
A tank regiment of the 2nd Tank Division conducted routine training and a combat shooting and training evaluation in mid and late September 1991 in Zhulan, Anhui Province. [Yang 1993]
An unidentified "Red Army" Regiment stationed in North Jiangsu (possibly attached to the 36th Division or an unidentified division at that location) has intensified its amphibious warfare training efforts. The unit has reportedly constructed a training base for opposing force exercises and has established a Blue Force Fendui (battalion). Subordinate fenduis routinely train against the Blue Force unit. Additionally, the regiment has explored methods of conducting psychological warfare and has also conducted sea-crossing and landing exercises utilizing civilian vessels. The regiment has also trained in loading and unloading heavy equipment, organizing amphibious landings, and conducted artillery exercises from vessels. [Nanjing MR Renmin Qianxin 18 Feb 2003 (PLA Activities Report Feb 2003)]
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