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Guatemala - 2011 Election

The election for the Congress of the Republic was held on 11 September 2011. There were 7,340,841 registered voters for the election. The Patriot Party won 57 seats (of 158) or 26.62% of the vote, the National Unity for Hope Party won 48 seats (22.57% of the vote), the National Union of Change won 14 seats (9.50% of the vote), the Renewed Democratic Liberty Party won 14 seats (8.87% of the vote), the Encounter for Guatemala Party won 6 seats (7.87% of the vote), the National Advancement Party won 2 seats (3.12% of the vote), the Unionist Party won 1 seat (2.70% of the vote), the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity won 2 seats (3.27% of the vote).

On 06 November 2011, Otto Perez Molina of the PP won a four-year term as president. The OAS international observation mission characterized the elections as generally free and fair. The Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman reported 36 killings of political activists or candidates, mostly at the municipal level, during the election cycle. There were few arrests or convictions for such killings, and the actors behind them were generally unknown.

Perez Molina, a retired general and graduate from the infamous School of the Americas, is a founder of the conservative Patriotic Party and also served as the director of military intelligence and chief of staff under President Ramiro de Leon Carpio. He lost the 2007 elections, but won in 2011 on a platform promising to resolve poverty, insecurity and tackling taxes. The government of Perez Molina saw a decrease in trust from the public, as well as a lack of control in public transport subsidies, among others.

Just a few hours after an arrest warrant was issued against him on 03 September 2015, Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina, who had vowed he would not resign, announced he would step down from office. Perez Molina signed his resignation just after Congress withdrew his immunity. Perez Molina, vice president Roxana Baldetti Baldetti, and 30 other people, including several high-level officials, are implicated in the massive fraud network that operated a bribery scheme in the countrys tax authority with the former president and vice president as key ringleaders.

Perez Molina was accused of involvement in several corruption cases, including systematic customs fraud, during his administration. The case, dubbed 'La Linea' (The Line) was prosecuted by the Public Ministry and the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG). Perez Molina had been trying to avoid prison on corruption charges by citing health issues, but medical authorities said there's no evidence to support his claims.

On 2 August 2018 a Guatemalan judge ordered former President Otto Perez Molina back to pre-trial detention after the National Forensic Sciences Institute (Inacif) declared his heart issues could be treated on an outpatient basis. Perez Molina had been hospitalized for more than three months in the Military Medical Center in Guatemala City. His lawyer, Cesar Calderon, has argued the former president is in critical condition and could suffer sudden death due to problems with his pacemaker. But Inacif says Perez Molina's health won't suffer if he takes his medication, and Judge Miguel Angel Galvez has ordered his transfer back to the detention center in Mariscal Zavala, where he had been held since 2015.

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