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Military


Guatemala Army / Fuerzas de Tierra

With the exception of Cuba, and possibly Nicaragua, Guatemala has the best-equipped, best-organized and best-trained military in the Caribbean Basin. The military's acquisitions have given it the capability to operate for extended periods anywhere in the country, including the spacious and distant regions of Huehuetenango, Quiche, and Peten. As an institution, the military has abilities and mechanisms that are unmatched in Guatemalan society for selecting and training personnel at all levels, obtaining necessary material resources, instilling professional pride, and maintaining organizational cohesion.

The Land Force is the majority component of the Guatemalan Army. It is composed of a set of legally created units, which, through the use of the resources with which it is equipped, serves to conduct the defense of the Nation. It must conform to certain norms of behavior, treatment, operation and protocol, with more or less circumstantial variants and with the changes and changes that are imposed by the new trends, means of transport and the new ways of life that revolutionize each era and each nation.

Its fundamental mission is the preservation of territorial integrity, land dissuasion, the organization for the military defense of the Nation, as well as the structuring of human, territorial, economic and material resources that the state assigns to it. In peacetime it is dedicated to education, training, strategic sizing, Peacekeeping operations and humanitarian and humanitarian support missions, internally and externally. In wartime it will be used under a unified command within a defense strategy, depending on the nature of the threat or opponent, without losing sight of factors of location, time, space and technological advancement.

The mission of the land component of the Guatemalan Army also includes organizing, training and equipping the necessary forces to react effectively and develop military operations of any nature (territorial integrity, deterrence and land military defense) that the higher authority orders. In wartime it will be used under a unified command within a defense strategy, depending on the nature of the threat or opponent, without losing sight of factors of location, time, space and technological advancement.

In the performance of its functions, it adapts its organization, means and training to a deployment and a suitable action to the territorial division in force in time of peace. It maintains close liaison and relationship with authorities and civil organizations with which it shares the responsibility to contribute to the resolution of various problems that affect the fulfillment of its mission.

In wartime it will be used under a unified command within a defense strategy, depending on the nature of the threat or opponent, without losing sight of factors of location, time, space and technological advancement, to conduct military operations of any nature (territorial integrity, deterrence and land military defense) that the higher authority orders. The mission of the land component of the Guatemalan Army also includes organizing, training and equipping the necessary forces to react effectively and develop military operations of any nature (territorial integrity, deterrence and land military defense) that the higher authority orders.

In the early 1980s the army was equipped with about 10 United States M-41 tanks of Korean War vintage armed with 76mm guns. Seven of the older and lighter Stuart tanksM-3Alsmounting 37mm guns, were also in inventory. A variety of armored cars and armored personnel carriers (APCs) rounded out the armored vehicle holdings. Some dated to the World War II era, but a few of later design included 10 M-113 APCs and seven V-150 Commando APCs. Eighteen 75mm howitzers and 54 105mm howitzers provided artillery support, and a variety of mortars also contributed additional firepower.

By 2015 there were five additional Armadillos in the production line and it was planned to recover all 15 M113s and upgrade them to A2 standards. The Peace Treaty has halted the additional production of Armadillos (leaving only 30 operational) and only one M113 was recovered, bringing the total to 10. The Armadillos did get the transfer box from M35 2.5-ton trucks. The planned upgrade of the M8s with 20-mm gun turrets has been postponed.





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