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Belarus Army - Western operational command

In the Republic of Belarus, the Ground Forces are the most numerous and versatile in combat composition of the Armed Forces. They have great fire and shock power, high maneuverability and independence. The ground forces are designed to meet the challenges of repelling enemy strikes and defeating them if they unleash aggression. Using the defense capabilities, the Ground Forces are able to effectively fight the ground and air enemy in cooperation with the Air Force and air defense forces. Ground forces consist of the armed forces (forces) and special forces. The types of troops and special troops, depending on the nature of the tasks performed, have their own armament, military equipment and organization.

After the war, the 28th Red Army combined-arms army became part of the Belarusian Military District. Its headquarters are located in Grodno, and the troops in the Grodno and Brest regions. In 1954, its formations and units took part in a pilot exercise using an atomic bomb in the Totsk camp area of the Urals Military District, and in subsequent years in such large exercises and maneuvers as Dnepr, Neman, Danube -81 "and others. With the formation of the Republic of Belarus as an independent state, the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus were created on the basis of the grouping of the troops of the Belarusian Military District. In 1993, the 28th General Army was transformed into the 28th Army Corps. In December 2001, within the framework of the ongoing reforms of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus, the Western operational command was created on the basis of the 28th Army Corps.

The 28th Army of the 1st formation was formed on July 1, 1941, on the basis of the directive of the Supreme Command Headquarters Directive of June 25, 1941 in the Arkhangelsk Military District with direct subordination to the Supreme Command Headquarters. It includes the 30th and 33rd infantry corps, the 27th mechanized corps, artillery and other parts. On July 5, 1941, the 28th Army was included in the Army Group of the Reserve of the Supreme Command Headquarters, on July 15, reassigned to the Front of the Reserve Armies. July 21, she was transferred to the Western Front.

Army troops took part in the Battle of Smolensk (July 10 - September 10, 1941), during which its units attacked from the region of Roslavl in the direction of Pochinok, Smolensk. The success achieved at the beginning of the counterstrike forced the enemy to concentrate large forces against the army and inflict flank attacks on it. In early August 1941, the army led heavy defensive battles in the environment. In one of them, the army commander, Lieutenant-General V.Ya. Kachalov. After leaving the encirclement on August 4, 1941, the army was reassigned to the Reserve Front. The army was disbanded on August 10, 1941.

The 28th Army of the 2nd formation was formed on November 15, 1941 in the Moscow Military District with direct subordination to the Supreme Command Headquarters. It consisted of the 359th, 363rd, 367th and 375th rifle divisions, artillery and other units. From December 1, 1941, the army was entrusted with the construction of a defensive line along the eastern bank of the Volga river in the section Sheksna - the Unzha river and the construction of the Yaroslavl fortified area.

April 10, 1942 the army was incorporated into the South-Western Front. In May - July, after a failed attack during the Kharkov battle (May 12-29) and fierce defensive battles during the Voronezh-Voroshilovgrad strategic operation (June 28 - July 24), the army suffered significant losses. July 12, 1942 the army was reassigned to the Southern Front, July 17 became part of the Stalingrad Front. The army was disbanded on July 31, 1942; its field control was drawn to the formation of the field control of the 4th Tank Army, and the troops transferred to the 21st Army.

The 28th Army of the 3rd formation was formed on September 5, 1942 on the basis of the directive of the Headquarters of the Supreme Command of August 28, 1942 on the basis of the command and control part of the troops of the Stalingrad Military District within the South-Eastern Front. It included the 34th Guards Rifle and 248th Rifle Divisions, the 52nd, 152nd and 159th rifle brigades, the 78th and 116th fortified areas, and other units.

On September 30, 1942, the army was incorporated into the Stalingrad Front of the 2nd formation and took part in the Battle of Stalingrad. During September-October, her troops thwarted all enemy attempts to break through to the mouth of the Volga and cut the Astrakhan-Kizlyar railway. In December, army troops launched offensive operations in the direction of Elista, Salsk, Rostov-on-Don, and liberated Elista (December 31). Successfully developing the offensive, the army troops (from January 1, 1943 as part of the Southern Front of the 2nd formation) liberated Salsk (January 22, 1943), then in cooperation with the troops of the 5th Shock Army Rostov-on-Don (14 February). On February 20, her units reached the Mius River, where they went over to the defenses.

In August - October 1943, the army as part of the Southern (from October 20 - 4th Ukrainian) Front took part in the Donbass strategic (August 13 - September 22) and Melitopol (September 26 - November 5) offensive operations. As a result of these operations, the Donbass was liberated, and the Soviet troops reached the lower reaches of the Dnieper, to the Crimean isthmus and captured a bridgehead on the southern shore of Sivash Bay. In February 1944 - in the Nikopol-Krivoy Rog operation (January 30 - February 29), in March (March 1, as part of the 3rd Ukrainian Front) - in the Bereznegovato-Snigirev operation (March 6-18), the army in cooperation with troops of other armies liberated Kherson (March 13), Nikolaev (March 28), and a large number of other settlements.

From March 30, 1944 - in reserve the Supreme Command Rates; Then the army was redeployed to the central sector of the Soviet-German front, where in June-July, as part of the 1st Belorussian Front (from May 27), it took part in the defeat of German troops in Belarus. Her troops successfully broke through the enemy's defenses on the Paritsch line, forced the Western Bug river in the Brest region, crossed the USSR state border, and continued pursuing the enemy on Polish territory.

On September 15, 1944, the army was withdrawn to the reserve of the Supreme Command Headquarters, and on October 13 it was transferred to the 3rd Belorussian Front, in which it participated in the offensive in East Prussia. Entered into battle from the second echelon of the front, the army troops completed a breakthrough of the enemy fortifications in the frontier zone and on October 25 captured the city of Stallupenn (Nesterov).

In January - March 1945, during the East Prussian strategic operation (January 13 - April 25), army troops broke through the strongly fortified enemy defenses and entered the central part of East Prussia. Developing an offensive, in cooperation with other troops of the front, they captured the coast of the Baltic Sea southwest of Koenigsberg, cut off the withdrawal paths of the East Prussian enemy grouping.

After the elimination of enemy troops surrounded in Knigsberg, on April 1, 1945, the Army was withdrawn to the Supreme Command Headquarters reserve, and on April 20 transferred to the 1st Ukrainian Front and participated in the Berlin operation (April 16 - May 8).

Fighting army ended on the outskirts of Prague. In the Prague Strategic Operation (May 6-11, 1945), in cooperation with the 52nd Army, she struck from the Niska area in the direction of Zittau, Ceska Lipa and advanced to Prague from the northeast, where she accepted the surrender of a part of the surrounded large group of troops the adversary.

In total, during the war years, in the units and military units of the 28th Combined Arms Army, 214 servicemen were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, 106,167 awarded orders and medals, including 136 full cavaliers of the Order of Glory; Germany , For the capture of Berlin , For the capture of Koenigsberg .

In 1968, by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces for great services shown in the battles to defend the Motherland, success in military and political training and in connection with the 50th anniversary of the SA and Navy, the association was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.




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Page last modified: 23-08-2020 17:07:03 ZULU