Air Defense Forces
Zenith rocket forces (ZRV) are intended for the protection from the air strikes of administrative and economic regions and centers, important state and military targets and groupings.In the arsenal ZRV are found contemporary ZRK, including unique, exceeding best foreign analogs zenith rocket systems S -300. They possess the high possibilities of the damage/defeat of contemporary air weapon systems in entire altitude range and flight speeds of targets.
Radiotechnical troops (RTV) are intended for conducting the reconnaissance in airspace, notification of the organs of military control about the air attack and guarantee with the reconnaissance information of control posts, by the combat information of connections and military parts ZRV and aviation, guarantee of flight control of aviation. They are equipped with contemporary radars and complexes of the automated means of control, which allow at any time of year and twenty-four hours under the conditions for radio-electronic opposition to detect air weapon systems at the long range and at all heights, to determine their precise coordinates, state belonging.
On 17 April 2006, Brtish journal Jane's Defence Weekly wrote that its sources report Russia isselling S-300PS anti-aicraft missile systems to Iran, using Belarus as a cut-out. Since that article was published, the Belarusian, Russian and Iranian governments have all denied that any such sales are taking place. Belarusian Defense Minister Leonid Maltsev called such reports "fantasy," and told the press that Belarus does not have the legal right to re-export the S-300s it is acquiring from Russia. Iranian Commerce Minister Massoud Mir-Kazemi told reporters in Minsk on April 21, "The question of deliveries of S-300 systems was not discussed. From the viewpoint of military technology, we are self-sufficient and there is no need for us to consider buying weapons abroad." According to international press reports, Russia has admitted it is selling Tor-M1 missile systems to Iran.
The first of four S-300PS missile systems [battalions] arrived in Minsk by special train from Russia on 21 April 2006. Belarus already had other S-300 units active -- the new S-300s will be deployed on the Polish border. There was no advance notice of this delivery. Belarus was to receive 24 S-300 launchers, and press reports claim they will go into service with the 115th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, headquartered in Brest. Vo Slavu Rodiny (official newspaper of the Ministry of Defense) wrote that the unit accepting the S-300PS systems, the 115th Air Defense Brigade, had prepared firing positions for the S-300s (which require different positions than the SA-3s they are replacing). The unit is also reportedly renovating barracks and the mess hall required for the expected increase in personnel.
Russia is ready to sell air defense systems S-400 to Belarus if the latter decides to buy them, Russian Air Force Chief, Colonel-General Alexander Zelin said at a session of the Air Defense Coordinating Committee under the CIS Defense Ministers Council in Moscow on 13 July 2010. “Because we have a united air defense system, if Belarus is willing to buy this system, we will naturally supply it,” said Alexander Zelin. In turn, Belarusian Air Force and Air Defense Chief, Major-General Igor Azarenok said that various schemes are under consideration to equip Belarus air force and air defense troops with defense solutions, including S-400. He said the matter cannot be decided in one day and added that buying as many S-400 systems as necessary to protect Belarus’ borders is the idea.
The Belarusian army will soon get Russian air defense missile systems Tor-M2, Major-General Piotr Tikhonovsky, Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Belarus, First Deputy Defense Minister, told media on 07 December 2011. They are on the way already and will soon enter service in the air force and air defense troops, he said. Piotr Tikhonovsky added that they had finished the creation of a new Belarusian radar station Rosa. The Chief of the General Staff said that this effective tool will soon enter service, too. Asked about the possibility of getting Russian complexes Iskander, Piotr Tikhonovsky said that time will tell. “Prospects of air force outfitting are rather serious,” he added.
Russian Defense Minister Sergey Ivanov and a delegation of military officers were in Minsk 21 April 2006. In a televised meeting Ivanov announced that Russia and Belarus should sign the documents to integrate their air defense networks by the end of 2006. In practical terms, he said this means a joint air defense command would be created with the authority to deploy aircraft and air defense systems across the Russian-Belarusian border without having to wait for any political decision.
In February 2012 President Lukashenka approved an agreement with Russia establishing a Single Regional System of Air Defence. The defence ministers of the two nations had already signed the treaty three years earlier. The Russian and Belarusian presidents will jointly appoint the commander of the air defence system.
Consolidated control is an important peculiarity of the united regional air defense of Belarus and Russia, Major-General Piotr Tikhonovsky, Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Belarus, First Deputy Defense Minister, told media on 13 February 2012. “The creation of the system has been legally stipulated today. It will allow us to advance military, military and technical cooperation, cooperation in all the fields related to defense and security of the Union State,” said the General Staff Chief.
The Belarusian-Russian agreement on joint protection of the external border of the Union State in the air space and the creation of a united regional Belarusian-Russian air defense system was approved by the President of Belarus earlier on 13 February. “The agreement has been ratified by the Russian side, too. In essence the regional air defense system has become a component of [the Belarusian-Russian] force grouping, of the united CIS air defense system,” said the Major-General.
The united air defense system is supposed to integrate the means and forces used to secure the air space border of the Union State. The practical side of the system has been polished during army exercises, with the exercise Union Shield 2011 crowning the efforts. The document had been brought about due to the growing threat of terrorism. The need to detect aircraft as far away as possible has arisen. Aircraft have to be timely detected, recognized, with troops and equipment put on readiness if necessary.
The system will have to control and protect the air space border of the Union State. It will also force those, who violate flight regulations, to stop doing so. It will also provide aid to aircraft in distress. The system will improve air defense effectiveness for Belarus by 40-60%, for Russia – by 70%. The effectiveness of air defense troops management will improve by 25-27%. Combat effectiveness of the air defense system will improve by 33-35%.
By February 2016 three divisions of anti-aircraft missiles (SAM), S-300PS delivered from Russia to Belarus in accordance with the previously achieved Belarusian-Russian agreements. He told reporters the commander of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces of Belarus Armed Forces, Major-General Oleg Dvigalev. "Now take the third division in Borisov", - he said. According to him, earlier in Khabarovsk we received two divisions of S-300 PS, who intercede on combat duty in the 377th anti-aircraft missile regiment in Polotsk (Vitebsk region).
The commander said that the fourth division will be supplied to Belarus in March 2016. Dvigalev also informed that one division would be sent to the anti-aircraft missile regiments, located in Brest and Grodno regions. In addition, he noted that the S-300 Russian supplied free of charge after an overhaul with guarantee of service up to 5-7 years.
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