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Congo-Brazzaville Marine Nationale(Navy)

The Navy, as an armed wing, was created in 1960 by President Fulbert Youlou, who as a loan asked General De Gaulle, French President of the time, for coastal vessel. It is divided between coastal marine and river navigation. The Navy of the Republic of Congo, with its small equipment, provides oversight of the maritime space of the Republic of Congo, its 169 km of coastline and the Congo River. It has 3 naval bases in Pointe-Noire, Brazzaville and Mossaka.

The personnel strength in 2016, as in 2007, was 800 people, including 600 Fusiliers Marins, against 250 in 1985. A technical weapon unlike the army, the Navy is demanding on the profile of its recruitments. Entry to the Navy is made by recruitment or by competition. Everyone can apply, but the most expected are young people who do the scientific and commercial series.

Congo, whose revenues depend on 78% of hydrocarbon production, is directly threatened by maritime insecurity. Since January 2015, more than 50 acts of piracy (140 in 2014) have been reported in the Gulf of Guinea, whose stability is also undermined by illegal fishing, trafficking and clandestine emigration. Brazzaville is active on the issue, following on from the Yaounde summit (24-25 June 2013), where the countries of Central and West Africa adopted a code of conduct and decided to set up an interregional coordination center. A regional center for maritime security in Central Africa (CRESMAC) was inaugurated in Pointe-Noire in October 2014.

Congolese sailors participated in a boarding team operations course hosted by High Speed Vessel Swift (HSV 2) as part of Africa Partnership Station (APS) 2011 on July 26, 2011. APS is an international security cooperation initiative, facilitated by U.S. Naval Forces Africa, aimed at strengthening global maritime partnerships through training and collaborative activities in order to improve maritime safety and security in Africa.

From November 6 to 11, 2013, Premier L'Her gave an operational respite in Pointe Noire, Republic of Congo, as part of the Corymbe mission. Corymbe is a mission of almost permanent presence of the French armed forces in the Gulf of Guinea, in place since 1990. The device is armed by one or more buildings of the Navy which can be reinforced by land and airborne means. The Corymbe device completes the prepositioned French system in West Africa, Gabon and Senegal. It can support any operation, in progress as Licorne in Cte d'Ivoire, or new as operations of assistance to the populations, securing or evacuation of nationals. Corymbe also enables bilateral cooperation missions with the countries of the region.

Specialists on board helped to set up a new Automatic Identification System (AIS) on Congolese patrol vessels. This system allows the exchange of navigation data between ships and coastal surveillance centers. Members of the crew also trained Congolese seafarers in the areas of security and radars.

The crew of PM L'Her also led an IOP to train the Congolese visiting teams. Training was first provided on board the Aviso for the benefit of Congolese seamen, in order to remind them of the techniques of search and control of an individual. A rehearsal at sea, aboard Congolese patrol boats, was then scheduled. Two French sailors were present as observers to check the respect of the control and visiting techniques. Finally, a life-size exercise was prepared and led aboard PM L'Her . The visiting team of a Congolese patrol boat intervened aboard the Aviso. The latter played the role of a merchant vessel suspected of transporting illegals and weapons in Congolese territorial waters. All these actions made it possible to set up and train the Congolese navy and more particularly the marine fusiliers [fusiliers marins].

On 03 November 2015, Congolese and Cameroonian naval forces conducted a tactical security exercise on maritime approaches off the Congolese coast. This exercise between the two countries responded in particular to the protocol of Yaound which advocates regional cooperation in securing the maritime interests of the ECCAS zone. Thus, two patrollers of the 31st naval group of the military defense zone n 1 and two others of the Cameroonian navy, is a first between two naval forces of the subregion. The direction of the maneuver was provided by the commander of the 32nd naval group, Captain (Navy) Camille Bokatola, supervised by the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Navy Captain Augustin Mbemba. The Chief of the General Staff of the Congolese Armed Forces.

To play this maritime banning exercise, the two naval forces used the technological framework of the French exercise NEMO.4, particularly the SPRING CHAT software - very effective for the exchange of information between the operational centers (COM), the Multinational Coordination Center (MCC) and the Center for Marine Safety and Research of Central Africa (CRESMAC).

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